Word-formation, morphemic, etymological analysis in school
The grammatical analysis of words, phrases, sentences is one of the leading methods of language teaching. It allows you to see the structural and semantic features of the language, the patterns underlying it, helps to develop the language intuition, to master language forecasting skills. The grammatical analysis is one of the ways of deep penetration into people culture and the comprehension of national mentality features. An important role in this is played by the wordformative, morphemic and etymological analysis, which is not given enough attention during Russian language lessons at school. The relevance of the topic is conditioned by the need to update the content of education, to rethink the theoretical component of educational and methodological complexes in Russian language, taking into account the current state of linguistics. The problem of the study is to clarify the categorical-conceptual apparatus of word formation school course, to overcome the contradictions between scientific and school grammar. The aim of the study was to reveal typical inaccuracies in the interpretation of morphemics and word formation phenomena in Russian language course affecting the students' understanding of these linguistic sections and the conduct of language analysis. The novelty of the study consists in a number of theoretical proposition correction and refining related to the study of morphemics and word formation at school. The theoretical base of the study was the works on morphology, word formation, etymology of the Kazan linguistic school scholars I. Baudouin de Courtenay, V. Bogoroditsky, V. Markov, G. Nikolayev, E. Balalykina, the modern research in the field of word formation and the methods of Russian language teaching as well as the works of foreign scholars (Makleeva et al, 2017; Shchuklina, 2017; Matveeva and Fatkhutdinova, 2016; Andrew, 1998; Štekaner, 2000). The main significant results of the study are the following ones: They showed the importance of the general didactic scientific principle observation during the study of word formation. They revealed the main inaccuracies and contradictions in the treatment of morphemics and word formation phenomena during the school course of Russian language. They proposed a scientifically based system of word formation terms and concepts. The scientific and methodological approaches to the conduct of derivational, morphemic and etymological analysis have been refined and corrected.
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