Project thinking as the basis of professional competence of the designer
Education of our time has shifted from the process of translating knowledge to the formation of the necessary skills and competencies in demand in a modern, everchanging and uncertain world. Increasingly, we are talking about the need to build teamwork skills, to develop emotional intelligence, to develop critical and creative thinking. The term "project thinking" has attracted attention during the last decade of many researchers. The main idea of project thinking is to solve the tasks set by companies, by researching, prototyping and testing the product. In this article, the authors consider the origins of “Project thinking" in the study of the design environment and its implementation in the teaching process by teachers. Transversal skills such as the ability to think creatively, critical thinking, explore and work in a team are necessary to guarantee a skilled workforce for adaptation in the face of technological progress. This article shows that it is possible to improve the skills of project-oriented thinking of university design students through carefully designed didactic models and tools, pass on the methodology and train the design-thinking process for application in real business projects, including the practice of empathy, in-depth user research, service design, prototyping new solutions and ideas, as well as their testing.
Clemente, V., Vieira, R., Tschimmel, K. (2016), A learning toolkit to promote creative and critical thinking in product design and development through Design Thinking, International Conference of the Portuguese Society for Engineering Education (CISPEE), Vila Real, pp. 1-6.
Cross, N. (2011), Design Thinking: Understanding How Designers Think and Work, Oxford, pp. 1 – 6.
Grigoriev, (2007), Formation of Project Thinking of Design Students in the Process of Professional Training as a Pedagogical Problem, Siberian Pedagogical Journal, No. 11, p. 211.
Herbert, A.S., (1996), The Sciences of the Artificial”, MIT Press, London, p. 241.
Kadyjrova, L., Akhmetshina, E. (2018), The place and role of museum pedagogy in the system of higher artistic-pedagogical education, National Academy of Managerial Staff of Culture and Arts Herald, pp. 274-277.
McKilligan, S., Fila, N., Rover, D., Mina, M. (2017), Design thinking as a catalyst for changing teaching and learning practices in engineering, Frontiers in Education Conference (FIE) Indianapolis, IN, USA, pp. 1-8.
Mishina, A., Javgildina, Z., Mishina, N. (2016), The art and project activity as a means of pre - professional development of teenagers' graphical skills”, The Turkish Online Journal of Design, Art and Communication, TOJDAC November Special Edition, pp. 2427-2432.
Radionov, V. (1996), Theoretical Foundations of Pedagogical Design, St. Petersburg, p. 37.
Salakhov, R., Salakhova, R., Gaptraupova, Z. (2017), Ecological Culture of the Student: Formation Problems", Philological Sciences. Questions of theory and practice, No. 7 (73), pp. 204-207.
Shtomp, G. (2012), Project thinking, is not about reflection, but about actions, Problems of management in social systems, Tomsk, pp. 68-72.
Zaitseva, L., Mayorova, I., Fedorenko, M. (2018), Gifted Students' Personal Features Comparative Analysis Depending on Style Preferences in Painting, HELIX, Vol. 8, Is. 1, pp. 2858-2862.