Website as an object of legal protection by Ukrainian legislation

  • Kateryna Nekit Civil Law Department of National University “Odessa Law Academy”
  • Halyna Ulianova National University «Odesa Law Academy»
  • Denis Kolodi National University “Odesa Law Academy”
Keywords: Website, domain name, content, digital content, complex object, invalid information, property, intellectual property

Abstract

The article is devoted to the study of the concept, legal nature and components of a website. Based on the method of systematic and formal analysis, the conclusion is made, that the current definition of the concept of a website gives grounds to consider it a complex object of civil rights. In the structure of the website the objects of intellectual property rights (copyright, related rights, industrial property rights), as well as such a separate object of civil rights as information can be identified. Each of these objects has its own legal regime, but the website as a whole may also act as a separate object of civil relations, be subject to legal protection as a separate object, become subject to assignments, etc. The correlation between the concepts of the website and the domain name is carried out using the comparative method. It is concluded that the website and the domain name are separate independent objects on the civil field. A domain name is not an integral part of a website and should not be passed by default upon alienation of a website. Special attention is paid to protecting the content of the website from plagiarism and piracy, as well as liability for inaccurate information posted on the site.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Kateryna Nekit, Civil Law Department of National University “Odessa Law Academy”

PhD, Associate Professor of Civil Law Department of National University “Odessa Law Academy”

Halyna Ulianova, National University «Odesa Law Academy»

Doctor of Law Science, Professor, Professor of Intellectual Property and Corporate Law Department, Vice-rector for Scientific Work of National University «Odesa Law Academy»

Denis Kolodi, National University “Odesa Law Academy”

PhD, Professor assistant of Criminal law Department, Head of Civil law and Economic Justice Faculty of National University “Odesa Law Academy”.

References

Babarykin P. (2005). Civil law regulation of the creation and use of sites on the Internet. Abstract of PhD Thesis. St. Petersburg University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, St. Petersburg. Retrieved from http://law.edu.ru/book/book.asp?bookID=1362832

Barylnik S.S., Gerasimov N.E., Minin I.V. (2008). New approaches to software and hardware protection of network publications. Reports of Tomsk State University of Control Systems and Radioelectronics, 2(18), 43-46.

Basmanova K. (2010). Internet site as an object of property rights. Abstract of PhD Thesis. Institute of Law and Comparative Law at the Government of the Russian Federation, Moscow. Retrieved from https://www.dissercat.com/content/internet-sait-kak-obekt-imushchestvennykh-prav

Burylo Yu. (2015). Web site as an informational resource and as an object of intellectual property rights. Scientific herald of Uzhgorod National University. Series Law, 34 (2), 67-70.

Gura M. (2006). Civil law protection of a web site in Ukraine. Abstract of PhD Thesis. National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. Institute of State and Law named after V.M. Koretsky, Kyiv. Retrieved from http://irbis-nbuv.gov.ua/cgi-bin/irbis64r_81/cgiirbis_64.exe?Z21ID=&I21DBN=ARD&P21DBN=ARD&S21STN=1&S21REF=10&S21FMT=
fullwebr&C21COM=S&S21CNR=20&S21P01=0&S21P02=0&S21P03=A=
&S21COLORTERMS=1&S21STR=%D0%93%D1%83%D1%80%D0%B0%20%D0%9C.%D0%92.$

Kysil O. (2016) Owners and users of the domain, domain name, website in Internet relations and in court practice. Retrieved June 3, 2019 from http://protokol.com.ua/ru/vlasniki_i_koristuvachi_domenu_domennogo_imeni_
veb_saytu_v_internet_vidnosinah_ta_u_sudoviy_praktitsi/

Kolosov V. The nature of rights to domain name. Retrieved June 3, 2019 from http://kolosov.info/kommentarii/priroda-prav-na-domennoe-imya

Maidanik N. (2008). Web site on the Internet as a special copyright object. Yurydychna Ukrayina: pravovyy chasopys, 12, 73-80.

Nagornyy R.S. (2008). Domain name as an object of civil rights. Journal of Russian law, 2, 122-132.

Nekit K. (2017). Domain name as an object of civil rights. Chasopys tsyvilistyky, 23, 40-44.

Paeffgen GmbH v. Germany (2007), No 25379/04, 21688/05, 21722/05 and 21770/05 (ECHR Sep. 18, 2007).

Sergo A. (2001) Some copyright issues on the Internet. Retrieved June 3, 2019 from http://www.internet– law.ru/articles/ap– is.htm.

Smotrov O.I. (2009). Exclusive right to domain name: position of the European Court of Human Rights. Retrieved from https://www.arbitis.com/Smotrov-O-I-Viklyuchne-pravo-na-domenne-im-ya-poziciya-YEvropeys-kogo-sudu-z-prav-lyudini/.

Ulianova H. (2015). Methodological problems of civil law protection of intellectual property rights from plagiarism. PhD Thesis. National University “Odessa Law Academy”, Odessa. Retrieved from http://dspace.onua.edu.ua/handle/11300/2749

Zerov K. (2013). Web site as a nameless copyright object. Scientific Bulletin of the International Humanitarian University. Series of jurisprudence, 6-3 (2), 28-30.
.
Berne convention for the protection of literary and artistic works, of September 9, 1886, completed at Paris on May 4, 1896, revised at Berlin on November 13, 1908, completed at Berne on March 20, 1914, revised at Rome on June 2, 1928, revised at Brussels on June 26, 1948, and revised at Stockholm on July 14, 1967. Berne convention for the protection of literary and artistic works. Revision, 1967.

Council of Europe, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, as amended by Protocols Nos. 11 and 14, 4 November 1950, ETS 5. Retrieved June 3, 2019 from: https://www.refworld.org/docid/3ae6b3b04.html

Decision of the Melitopol city district court of Zaporizhzhya region from 13.02.2015 in case № 320/10302/14-ц. [online] In Ukrainian. Retrieved June 4, 2019 from http://www.reyestr.court.gov.ua/Review/42771204

Decision of the Truskavets city court of Lviv region from 22.03.2016, in case № 457/328/15-ц. [online] In Ukrainian. Retrieved June 4, 2019 from http://www.reyestr.court.gov.ua/Review/56602752

Letter from the State Department of Intellectual Property on January 22, 2007 № 16-14/231 concerning web site as a copyright object. Retrieved from http://search.ligazakon.ua/l_doc2.nsf/link1/MUS5421.html
Published
2019-08-31
How to Cite
Nekit, K., Ulianova, H., & Kolodi, D. (2019). Website as an object of legal protection by Ukrainian legislation. Amazonia Investiga, 8(21), 222-230. Retrieved from https://amazoniainvestiga.info/index.php/amazonia/article/view/97
Section
Articles