Sustainability of soil moisture and reduce fertilizer soaking using nature-friendly hydrogels to improve and promote cultivating
In order to investigate the water requirement of plants, especially in arid and desert areas and the poverty of most soils in these areas, we conducted a pot experiment to study the effect of the absorbance hydrophilic polymer on Panicum antidotale Retz. with its effect on nitrogen leaching in three types of light, medium and heavy soils in irrigation intervals of 4, 8 and 12 days. Comparison of results with control treatment showed that application of polymer that was carried out at 0.3% has the highest effect on the growth and dry matter production of Panicum antidotale Retz.The simple effect of polymer treatments, the irrigation interval and the soil texture on dry matter production, plant height, and nitrogen leaching from the soil were significant in this study. Also, the interaction effects of irrigation × soil texture on dry matter production, and nitrogen leaching showed a significant difference. So that the highest amount of dry matter of plant with 7.2 g was obtained from medium treatment with polymer in irrigation interval of 4 days. In the control treatment without the polymer, the plants were destroyed before harvest in the irrigation interval of 12 days. The effect of treatments on Panicum height indicated that the addition of polymer to the soil would increase the height of the Panicum besides increasing dry matter production. Also, the effect of simple polymer in irrigation water drain indicated that the nitrogen leaching rate from the average of 880 mg N/I of in the control decreases to about 550 mg N/I by the polymer.
Therefore, it can be concluded that application of polymer not only influences soil moisture but also affects soil strengthening and decreasing nitrogen leaching, especially in desert poor soils.
Agaba, H., BagumaOrikiriza, L. J., Esegu, O., Francis, J., Obua, J., Kabasa, J. D., &Hüttermann, A. (2010). Effects of hydrogel amendment to different soils on plant available water and survival of trees under drought conditions. Clean–Soil, Air, Water, 38(4), 328-335.
Benett, K. S. S., Benett, C. G. S., dos Santos, G. G., & Costa, E. (2015). Effects of hydrogel and nitrogen fertilization on the production of arugula in successive crops. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 10(26), 2601-2607.
Bres, W., & Weston, L. A. (1993). Influence of gel additives on nitrate, ammonium, and water retention and tomato growth in a soilless medium. HortScience, 28(10), 1005-1007.
Crous, J. W. (2017). Use of hydrogels in the planting of industrial wood plantations. Southern Forests: a Journal of Forest Science, 79(3), 197-213.
Dragicevic, V., Simic, M., Sredojevic, S., Kresovic, B., Saponjic, B., &Jovanovic, Z. (2011). The effect of super-hydro-grow polymer on soil moisture, nitrogen status and maize growth. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 20(4).
Farrell, C., Ang, X. Q., &Rayner, J. P. (2013). Water-retention additives increase plant available water in green roof substrates. Ecological Engineering, 52, 112-118.
Fekete, T., Borsa, J., Takács, E., &Wojnárovits, L. (2017). Synthesis and characterization of superabsorbent hydrogels based on hydroxyethylcellulose and acrylic acid. Carbohydrate polymers, 166, 300-308.
Finck, A.; D¨ unger und Düngung; VerlagChemie, Weinheim, New York; 1992
Ghasemi, G. M., &Khoushkhouy, M. (2007). Effects OfSuperabsorbment Polymer On Irrigation Interval And Growth And Development Of Chrysanthemum (Dendranthema× GrandiflorumKitam Syn. Chrysanthemum Morifolium Ramat).
Hanschmann, A. (1983). Einfluß von Temperatur und Feuchtigkeit auf die Mineralisierung von Bodenstickstoff. Arch. Acker-Pflanzenb. Bodenkd, 27, 297-305.
Kabiri, K., Omidian, H., Zohuriaan‐Mehr, M. J., &Doroudiani, S. (2011). Superabsorbent hydrogel composites and nanocomposites: a review. Polymer Composites, 32(2), 277-289.
Kim, H. J., Koo, J. M., Kim, S. H., Hwang, S. Y., &Im, S. S. (2017). Synthesis of super absorbent polymer using citric acid as a bio-based monomer. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 144, 128-136.
Kim, S., Iyer, G., Nadarajah, A., Frantz, J. M., &Spongberg, A. L. (2010). Polyacrylamide hydrogel properties for horticultural applications. International Journal of Polymer Analysis and Characterization, 15(5), 307-318.
Li, S., Zhong, X., Mao, X., & Liao, Z. (2015). Study on the Effects of Several Kinds of New Super Absorbent Polymers on Soil Leaching Loss of Water and Nitrogen and Growth of Flowering Chinese Cabbage.
Malekian, A., Valizadeh, E., Dastoori, M., Samadi, S., &Bayat, V. (2012). Soil water retention and maize ('Zea mays' L.) growth as effected by different amounts of pumice. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 6(3), 450.
Mi, J., Gregorich, E. G., Xu, S., McLaughlin, N. B., Ma, B., & Liu, J. (2017). Effect of bentonite amendment on soil hydraulic parameters and millet crop performance in a semi-arid region. Field Crops Research, 212, 107-114.
Mignon, A., Snoeck, D., D’Halluin, K., Balcaen, L., Vanhaecke, F., Dubruel, P., ...& De Belie, N. (2016). Alginate biopolymers: Counteracting the impact of superabsorbent polymers on mortar strength. Construction and Building Materials, 110, 169-174.
Mishra, S., Thombare, N., Ali, M., & Swami, S. (2018). Applications of Biopolymeric Gels in Agricultural Sector. In Polymer Gels (pp. 185-228). Springer, Singapore.
Narjary, B., &Aggarwal, P. (2014). Evaluation of soil physical quality under amendments and hydrogel applications in a soybean–wheat cropping system. Communications in soil science and plant analysis, 45(9), 1167-1180.
Nguyen, T. T. (2013). Compost effects on soil water content, plant growth under drought and nutrient leaching (Doctoral dissertation).
Rahbar, E. S. M. A. E. I. L., &Banedjschafie, S. (2009). Salinity effects on water uptake ability of superabsorbent polymer and manure. Iranian Journal of Range and Desert Research, 16(2), 209-223.
Shahi, S., Zohuriaan-Mehr, M. J., &Omidian, H. (2017). Antibacterial superabsorbing hydrogels with high saline-swelling properties without gel blockage: Toward ideal superabsorbents for hygienic applications. Journal of Bioactive and Compatible Polymers, 32(2), 128-145.
Shi, X., Fang, Q., Ding, M., Wu, J., Ye, F., Lv, Z., & Jin, J. (2016). Microspheres of carboxymethyl chitosan, sodium alginate and collagen for a novel hemostatic in vitro study. Journal of biomaterials applications, 30(7), 1092-1102.
Song, X. F., Wei, J. F., & He, T. S. (2009). A method to repair concrete leakage through cracks by synthesizing super-absorbent resin in situ. Construction and Building Materials, 23(1), 386-391.
Taban, M., &MovahediNaeini, S. A. R. (2006). Effect of aquasorb and organic compost amendments on soil water retention and evaporation with different evaporation potentials and soil textures. Communications in soil science and plant analysis, 37(13-14), 2031-2055.
Tongo, A., Mahdavi, A., &Sayad, E. (2014). Effect of superabsorbent polymer Aquasorb on chlorophyll, antioxidant enzymes and some growth characteristics of Acacia victoriae seedlings under drought stress. Ecopersia, 2(2), 571-583.
Wang, X., Lü, S., Gao, C., Xu, X., Wei, Y., Bai, X., ...& Wu, L. (2014). Biomass-based multifunctional fertilizer system featuring controlled-release nutrient, water-retention and amelioration of soil. RSC Advances, 4(35), 18382-18390.
Woodhouse, J., & Johnson, M. S. (1991). Effect of superabsorbent polymers on survival and growth of crop seedlings. Agricultural water management, 20(1), 63-70.
Yousefian, M., Jafari, M., Tavili, A., Arzani, H., &Jafarian, Z. (2018). The Effects of Superabsorbent Polymer on Atriplexlentiformis Growth and Soil Characteristics under Drought Stress (Case Study: Desert Research Station, Semnan, Iran). Journal of Rangeland Science, 8(1), 65-76.
ZangoeiNasab, H., Emami, H., Astaraei, A., &Yari, A. (2012). The effect of different amounts of superabsorbent and irrigation on some physical properties and plant growth indices of Atriplex. J. Water Res. Agric, 26(2), 211-223.
Zangooei-Nasab, S., Imami, H., Astaraei, A. R., &Yari, A. R. (2012). The effects of Stockosorb hydrogel and irrigation on growth and establishment of Saxaul plant. In The First National Conference on Farm Water Management (p. 9).
Zheng, T., Liang, Y., Ye, S., & He, Z. (2009). Superabsorbent hydrogels as carriers for the controlled-release of urea: Experiments and a mathematical model describing the release rate. Biosystems Engineering, 102(1), 44-50.
Zohuriaan-Mehr, M. J., Omidian, H., Doroudiani, S., &Kabiri, K. (2010). Advances in non-hygienic applications of superabsorbent hydrogel materials. Journal of materials science, 45(21), 5711-5735.