Farmers’ training on water management in order to manage droughts and water crisis in Iran
Iran faces a serious water crisis, despite the fact that there are different advanced water management systems in our country. The instability of farmland is increasing rapidly in subtropical dry zone. In the last 50 years, the water crisis has entered a new phase in Iran, due to the advent of technology and the possibility of digging deep wells, dams and consequently, unconventional consumption of underground aquifers, aqueducts, and underground reserves. Iran's cultivated land is estimated at about 16 million hectares of which about half is irrigated and the other half is cultivated as rain-fed. Water management is one of the essential requirements in the recent years due to the shortage of rainfall along with its inappropriate distribution and the occurrence of multiple droughts. Sprinkler and Drip irrigation systems are common methods to save water which also minimize the loss of water via evaporation. Agricultural education plays a significant role in improving water management in the farm and also is essential to train farmers to make them aware of the importance of water. The water crisis may lead to irreparable disasters in the future if we cannot train the people especially the farmers. The aim of this paper is to investigate the strategies of water management by training the farmers in Iran.
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