Examining some of the functions of allegory in MasnaviMa'navi
Allegory literally means resembling, analogizing something with something else, composing the body and shape of something, and exampling punishment and warning for others. Due to its high efficiency, allegory is used in some sciences. In literary discussions, due to the different themes, it is sometimes used for mind approximation and sometimes as the word arrangement. The use of allegory in Persian poetry hasfrequently been seen especially in Hindi style poetry. Maulvi is one of the poets who consider allegory throughout his poems and in various ways have benefited from it. So because of the consideration of this cherished poet to various applications of allegorical topics in MasnaviMa'navi, this book has become an allegorical book. In this article, it has been tried to address the concept of "allegory" and its functions. At first, its traditional definitions have been cited and criticized; then the definitions of allegory in the sight of ancients and contemporaries have been considered and examples of this craftin Holy Quran and works of Sofia before Maulvi have been brought as instance and finally, we deal with analyzing the typology of allegory, and its types and modes in MasnaviMa'navi.
Alusi, Seyed Mahmoud. (1415 AH). The spirit of Qur'an interpretation, Research of Ali Abd Al-Bari Attia, Beirut: DaralkotobAlelmeh.
Ansari, Khwaja Abdullah. (1377) A collection of Khwaja Abdullah Ansari Persian treatises. Corrected by Mohammad SarwarMolaee, Tehran: Toos.
Daad, Sima (1382). Dictionary of Literary Terms, Tehran: Morvarid.
FeizKashani, Molla Mohsen (1415 AH). Tafsir Al-Safi. A Hussain Alami study, Tehran: AlSadr.
Forouzanfar, Badiuzzaman (1367). Description of Mathnavi, Tehran: Zavar.
Hamwi, Ibn Hojah (2005). Khazaat Al-Adab V Qayat Al-Adab, Beirut: Dar Alsadr.
Jorjani, Abdul Alqaher (1991). AsrārAlbalagheh. A Mahmoud Shaker Abofahr study, Cairo: MaktabatAlkhangi.
Makki, Abu Talib (1417 AH). Qut al-qulub fi mu'amalat al-mahbub. Research by SelOyonAlSod, Beirut: DaralkotobAlelmeh.
Maulvi, Jalal al-Din Muhammad. (1361). MasnaviMa'navi. Corrected by Reynold Alleyne Nicholson, Tehran: Amir Kabir.
------, ------ (1375). MasnaviMa'navi. Corrected by Mehdi Azar Yazdi, Tehran: Research.
McQueen, John (1389). Allegory, translated by Hassan Afshar, Tehran: Markaz.
Mosaee, Masomeh (1391). Specialized dictionary of literary terms. Tehran: KalkSimin.
Qudama ibn Ja'far (1302 AH). NaqdAlSher, Constantinople: AlJavaeb.
Reynold Alleyne Nicholson (1378). Description of the Ma'navi. Translated by Hassan Lahouti, Tehran, Scientific and Cultural Publications.
Sanaee, Abolmojd Ibn Adam (1383). Hadiqat Al-Haqiqah-AlShariatAltariqah. Corrected by Mohammad ModarresRazavi, Tehran: Tehran University.
ShafieeKadkani, Mohammad Reza (1366). Imagery in Persian poetry, Tehran: Agah.
-----------, -------- (1386). Tasting the time, Tehran: Sokhan.
Tabatabai, Mohammad Hossein. (1374). Tafsir Al-Mizan. Translated by Syed Mohammad Bagher Mousavi Hamedani, Qom: Islamic Publications of Qom Seminary Teachers.
Zamakhshari, Mahmoud (1407 AH). Al-KashefAnHaqaeqGhavamez Al-Tanzil, Beirut: Dar Al-Ketab al-Arabi.