Cyber-addictions of the Ukrainian youth

Keywords: cyberspace, interactive technologies, non-chemical dependence, cyber-addiction, Internet, social networks.

Abstract

The work is devoted to the study of the problem of dependence on cyberspace of young people. Experts increasingly believe that cyber-addiction is a pathological urge or disease that belongs to the category of non-chemical dependencies and has its own nosology, etiology, pathogenesis and requires prevention, treatment and psycho-correction. Thanks to the analysis of scientific achievements, their actual types were determined, a comprehensive model of classification was built taking into account socially accepted, pathological and cyber-addiction; the stages of cyber-addiction formation are separated.

Thanks to the developed and tested method «Test-questionnaire for detecting cyber-addiction», it was found that the most typical addictions for young people are: computer addiction, Internet addiction, game addiction and gadget addiction; girls are more typical: cyber communicative addiction and selfitis. When considering age characteristics, it was found that the highest rates of 3rd degree of addiction are among people aged 19 to 21, a more even distribution of 2nd and 3rd degrees of addiction among people aged 14 to 15 years. Due to the factor analysis of the obtained results, it was established that an addict can have not one dependence, but several, although each of them may have a different degree of manifestation.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Yuliia Asieieva, Odessa Institute of the Interregional Academy of Personnel Management, Ukraine.

PhD, Head of the Department of General Scientific, Social and Behavioral Disciplines of the Odessa Institute of the Interregional Academy of Personnel Management, Ukraine.

Constantine Aymedov, Odessa National Medical University, Ukraine.

MD, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor, Odessa National Medical University, Ukraine.

Serhii Horishchak, Municipal Non-Commercial Enterprise "Children's City Polyclinic № 6" of Odessa City Council: Odessa, Ukraine.

PhD, Candidate of Medical Sciences, Director, Municipal Non-Commercial Enterprise "Children's City Polyclinic № 6" of Odessa City Council: Odessa, Ukraine.

Sergii Mierlich, Odessa National Medical University Ukraine.

PhD, Candidate of Medical Sciences, Surgeon-Oncologist of the highest category, Department of General Surgery, Odessa National Medical University Ukraine.

Konstiantyn Riabukhin, Odessa National Medical University, Ukraine.

PhD, Candidate of Medical Sciences, Psychiatrist, narcologist, medical psychologist, doctor of the highest category, Assistant of the Department of Psychiatry and Narcology, Odessa National Medical University, Ukraine.

References

Asieieva, Yu.O. (2020). Computer addiction, Internet addiction and cyber-addiction (historical overview of the definition) Psychological Journal, 6(6), 57-65, DOI: https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2020.6.6 (in Ukraine)

Aymedov, K.V., Asieieva, Yu.A., Tolmachev, A.A., & Tabachnik, S.I., (2020). Psychological characteristics of persons prone to cybercommunicative addiction on the example of the INSTAGRAM social network. Psychiatry, psychotherapy and clinical psychology, 11(4), р. 731-738. DOI: 10.34883/PI.2020.11.4.006 (in Russian)

Babaeva, Yu.D., Voiskunsky, A.E., & Smyslova, O.V. (2005). Internet: impact on personality". Psychology of Addiction: A Reader. Minsk: Harvest, p. 175-222, URL: https://istina.msu.ru/publications/article/2741486/ (in Russian)

Bartkiv, O., & Makhnovets, V. (2018). Study of students' propensity to Internet addiction. Youth and the market, no. 2 (121), p. 141-146, (in Ukraine)

Belinskaya, E.P. (2013). Informational socialization of adolescents: experience of using social networks and psychological well-being. Psychological research, 6(30), р. 5. URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/num/2013v6n30/858-belinskaya30.html (in Russian)

Blachnio, A., Przepiorka, A., Benvenuti, M., Mazzoni, E., Gwendolyn, S. (2019). Relations Between Facebook Intrusion, Internet-addiction, Life Satisfaction, and Self-Esteem: a Study in Italy and the USA". International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction, vol. 4. р. 18-38, URL: https://www.springermedizin.de/relations-between-facebook-intrusion-internet-addiction-life-sat/16353444 (in English).

Bolbot, T. Yu. (2005). Risk factors for the development of computer addiction in young people with computer addiction (clinic, correction and prevention) (author. dis. … Cand. honey. Science) Ukrainian Research Institute of Social and Forensic Psychiatry and Addiction of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine. K., 36 p. URL: http://www.irbis-nbuv.gov.ua/cgi-bin/irbis_nbuv/cgiirbis_64.exe?C21COM=2&I21DBN=ARD&P21DBN=ARD&Z21ID=&Image_file_name=DOC/2005/05btykkp.zip&IMAGE_FILE_DOWNLOAD=1 (in Ukrainian)

Boram, J. J., & Yoon, L. B. et. al. (2020). Associations of personality and clinical characteristics with excessive Internet and smartphone use in adolescents: а structural equation modeling approach. J. Addictive Behaviors, vol. 11. р. 25–33, (in English).

Borisova, T.S., & Soltan, M.M. (2019). On the possibilities of using the method of medical prevention of computer addiction. Military medicine, no. 3, р. 16-21, (in Russian)

Chebykin, O.Ya. (2016). Psycho-emotional dependence on mobile communication in students with various manifestations of emotional maturity." Science and education, no.11, р. 30-3. (in Ukrainian)

Egorov, A.Yu. (2007). Non-chemical addictions. St. Petersburg: Rech., р.190 URL: http://lib.mgppu.ru/opacunicode/app/webroot/index.php?url=/notices/index/IdNotice:237217/Source:default (in Russian)

Goldberg. (1996). Internet-addiction disorder". Cyber Psychol. Behavior, 3(4), р. 403-412, URL: https://www.psycom.net/iadcriteria.html (in English)

Goncharov, V.N. (2011). Research of information processes in the context of determining the value of information. Sociosphere, No. 3 р. 9-10. URL: https://psyjournals.ru/sociosphera/2011/n3/46797.shtml (in Ukrainian)

Griffiths, M.D., Kuss, D.J., & Billieux, J. (2016). The evolution of Internet addiction: A global perspective". Addictive Behaviors, vol. 53, 193-195, (in English)

Grybyuk, O.O. (2014). Demyanenko V.M. System of psychological and pedagogical requirements for the means of information and communication technologies for educational purposes: monograph. K.: Attica, 172 p. (in Ukraine)

Hawi, N. (2018). Identifying commonalities and differences in personality characteristics of Internet and social media addiction profiles: traits, self-esteem, and self-construal. Behavior & Information Technology. р. 110‒119. (in English)

Hiltz, S.R., & Turoff, M. (1978). The Network Nation: Human Communication via Computer". Reading, Mass., et al.: Addison-Wesley, р. 179-189, https://www.academia.edu/604994/The_Network_Nation_Human_Communication_via_Computer-Revised_Edition. [Revised Edition. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 1993.] https://www.amazon.com/Network-Nation-Revised-Communication-Computer/dp/0262581205 (in English)

Markova, M.V. (2013). Addictive status of student youth of Kyiv: psychosocial, clinical and structural analysis. Medical psychology, 8(3), р. 34-41. 2013 URL: http://www.mps.kh.ua/archive/2013/3 (in Ukraine)

Marlatt, G.A., Baer, J.S., Donovan, D.M., & Kivlahan, D.R. (1988). Addictive behaviors: Etiology and treatment. Annual Review of Psichology, vol. 39, р. 223-252, (in English)

Melnik, E. V. (1998). On the nature of addiction diseases: (alcoholism, drug addiction, "computer science", etc.). Odessa, p. 134‒159, (in Russian)

Morahan-Martin, J. (2008). Internet abuse: Emerging trends and lingering questions. Psychological aspects of Cyberspace: Theory, research and applications, р. 32-69, URL: https://digitalcommons.bryant.edu/app_books/3/ (in English)

Nosov, N.A. (2000). Virtual psychology. M: Agraf, p. 432, (in Russian)

Oravec, J. A. (2012). Online counseling and the Internet: Perspectives for mental health care supervision and education. Journal of Mental Health, 9(2), pp. 121‒135.

Pronin, M.A. (2016). Challenges to the worldview of developers of virtual reality technologies (tvr): philosophical, ethical, legal and other consequences. Philosophy of Education, No. 69, p. 46–69. (in Russian)

Rumpf, H.J., & Achab, S.J. (2018). Billieux "Including gaming disorder in the ICd-11: The need to do so from a clinical and public health perspective". J. Behav Addict, 7(3), р. 556-561, DOI:10.1556/2006.7.2018.59 (in English)

Rybaltovich, D.G (2012). Analysis of questionnaires of Internet users with experience in online play. Journal of Psychotherapy, No.41. S. 67‒80. URL: http://easydraw.ru/psy/analiz_anketirovaniya_internet-polzovatelei_imejushih_opyt_online_igry.html (in Russian)

Rzhevsky, G.M. et al. (2018). Analysis of personal characteristics and causes of Internet addiction in students of higher educational institutions." World Science, vol. 5, no. 1 (29), p. 50-60, URL: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=32314974 (in Ukraine)

Short, J., Williams, E., & Christie, B. (1976). The social psychology of telecommunications. New York: Wiley, р. 432-474, (in English)

Shotton, M. (1991). The costs and benefits of "computer addiction." Behaviour and Information Technology, 10(3), 219 - 230.

Sidak, L.M. (2015). Addiction as a form of destruction of the spiritual being of the individual. Bulletin of the National University "Law Academy of Ukraine. Yaroslav the Wise". Series: Philosophy, philosophy of law, political science, sociology, no. 4, p. 46-55, (in Ukraine)

Stefanie, O., Streb, K.R., & Irina, F. (2019). Self-aggression, reactive aggression, and spontaneous aggression: Mediating effects of self-esteem and psychopathology". Aggressive Behavior, vol. 45, р. 31-34, (in English)

Tan, Y. (2016). Exploring associations between problematic internet use, depressive symptoms and sleep disturbance among southern Chinese adolescents. International journal of environmental research and public health, 13(3), pp. 313. (in English)

Tazetdinova, Yu. M. (2018). Theoretical preconditions of research of features of aggressive behavior at teenagers - boys with different level of game computer dependence. St. Petersburg Educational Bulletin, No. 9. pp. 43‒48. (in Russian)

Utz, S. (2015). The function of self-disclosure on social network sites: Not only intimate, but also positive and entertaining self-disclosures increase the feeling of connection. Computers in Human Behavior, no. 45, р. 1-10, DOI:10.1016 / j.chb.2014.11.076 (in English)

Voiskunsky, Ye., & Smyslova, O.V. "Cyber disease in virtual reality systems: key factors and sensory integration". Psychological journal, 41(1), p. 56-64, 2020 URL: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=42541450 (in Russian)

Voloshin, P.V, & Maruta, N.O. (2017). Main directions of scientific developments in neurology, psychiatry and narcology in Ukraine. Ukrainian Bulletin of Psychoneurology, 25(1), р. 10‒18. URL: https://uvnpn.com.ua/upload/iblock/834/8348a722ce7101d7ac9396a62ddd3cc2.pdf (in Ukraine)

Yaxuan, Ren J., & Lin Xian, X. (2018). Low self‐esteem, entrapment, and reason for living: A moderated mediation model of suicidal ideation". International Journal of Psychology, vol. 6, р. 18-22, (in English)

Young, K.S. (1996). Psychology of computer use: addictive use of the internet: a case that breaks the stereotype. Psychological reports, vol. 79, р. 899-902, (in English)

Zhaojun, M., Pontesbc, Q.N., & Guangcan, D. (2020). Internet gaming disorder and psychosocial well-being: A longitudinal study of older-aged adolescents and emerging adults. J. Addictive Behaviors, vol. 110, р. 5-11, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0306460320306602 (in English)

Zhichkina, A.E. (2010). Self-presentation in virtual communication and identity features of adolescent Internet users. Education and information culture. Sociological aspects. Works on the sociology of education, T. 5 vol. 7. Moscow: Center for Sociology of Education, Russian Academy of Education, р. 431-460. URL: https://istina.msu.ru/publications/article/2913195/
Published
2021-09-29
How to Cite
Asieieva, Y., Aymedov, C., Horishchak, S., Mierlich, S., & Riabukhin, K. (2021). Cyber-addictions of the Ukrainian youth. Amazonia Investiga, 10(44), 48-60. https://doi.org/10.34069/AI/2021.44.08.5
Section
Articles