Assessment of landscape and environmental conditions of Susuman district of Magadan region

Keywords: Ecology, landscape, Magadan region, rural development, Russian Far East

Abstract

In Susuman district of Magadan region, against the background of natural processes, the manifestation of human economic activity is very noticeable, causing a change in the relief. This is due to the industrial development of placer gold deposits, which led to serious violations of the natural complexes of river valleys. The peculiarity of the territory of Susuman district is the imposition of severe climatic conditions and the specifics of human anthropogenic activity, which creates such particularly crisis situations in the environment as thermokarst, soil erosion, waterlogging, flooding of all low landforms, pollution with heavy metals. To assess the violations of the landscape, an analysis of the severity of environmental situations was carried out, which showed that the environmental situation in the area is tense, and in some areas it turns into a critical one. It should be noted that the actual area of disturbed land in  Susuman district is much larger than the statistical one. The largest areas of the district are in the gradation of significant and minor anthropogenic loads. The weighted average coefficient shows the average degree of anthropogenic load on this territory, which is still preserved due to a large area of forests. However, this does not mean that there is no risk of deterioration of the landscape and environmental situation in  Susuman district.

 With intensive use of land for mineral exploitation and extraction without compliance with environmental measures, the area of disturbed land will increase by 3-4 thousand hectares every ten years. In addition, some landscapes have irreversible violations.  Therefore, it is recommended not to rely on natural restoration of landscapes but to carry out technical and biological land reclamation.

 

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Author Biographies

Mariia M. Surzhik, Department of the Land Management, Primorye State Agricultural Academy

Ph.D., Associated Professor, Department of the Land Management, Primorye State Agricultural Academy

Galina M. Sidorova, Department of the Land Management, Primorye State Agricultural Academy

Ph.D., Professor, Head of the Department of the Land Management, Primorye State Agricultural Academy

Natalya V. Mukhina, Department of the Land Management, Primorye State Agricultural Academy

Ph.D., Associated Professor, Department of the Land Management, Primorye State Agricultural Academy

Tatyana V. Naumova, Department of the Land Management, Primorye State Agricultural Academy

Ph.D., Associated Professor, Department of the Land Management, Primorye State Agricultural Academy

Viktor V. Falko, Institute of the Land Management and Agrotechnoligy, Primorye State Agricultural Academy

Ph.D., Associated Professor, Dean of the Institute of the Land Management and Agrotechnoligy, Primorye State Agricultural Academy

References

Archive documents:

Forms of the statistical reporting № 22-1 and № 22-2 on Susuman area of Magadan region "Data on availability and distribution of lands by categories and grounds" for 01.01.2018 (2018).

The scheme of borders of Susumansky district, Magadan region, scale 1:500000. (1983). Magadan. Dalgiprozem.

Technical report on soil-geobotanical survey of the farm "Energetik". (1987). Magadan. Dalgiprozem.

Materials of allotment of land plots on the territory of Susuman district of Magadan region for the mineral exploitation. (2010-2018).

Instructions for the reclamation of land disturbed during the development of placer gold deposits (2006). Magadan: JSC Research Institute-1.

Printed article:

Kochurov, B.I., Zotova, L.I., Tumel, N.V. (2015) Ecodiagnostics of dangerous geoecological situations during the economic development of permafrost zones (Ekodiagnostika opasnyh geoekologicheskih situacij pri hozyajstvennom osvoenii kriolitozony). Problems of Regional Ecology (4), 157-164.

Book with author:

Starozhilov, V. T.  Surzhik, M. M. (2014). General landscape studies and use of the landscape approach in ecological monitoring. (Obshchee landshaftovedenie i ispol'zovanie landshaftnogo podhoda v ekologicheskom monitoring). Ussuriisk: Primorye State Agricultural academy.

Volkov, S. N. (2001). Land use planning. On-farm land management. (Zemleustroitel'noe proektirovanie. Vnutrihozyajstvennoe zemleustrojstvo). Moscow: Kolos.

Kochurov, B. I. (1999). Geoecology: ecodiagnostics and ecological and economic balance of the territory. (Geoekologiya: ekodiagnostika i ekologo- hozyajstvennyj balans territorii). Smolensk: Smolensk Humanities University.

Book with editor:

Shek, N.D. (Ed.). (1963). Surface water resources of the USSR. Hydrological knowledge. (Resursy poverhnostnyh vod SSSR. Gidrologicheskaya izuchennost') Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat.

Shilo, N.A. (Ed.). (1970). North of the Far East. Natural conditions and natural resources of the USSR. (Sever Dal'nego Vostoka. Prirodnye usloviya i estestvennye resursy SSSR). Moskow: Nauka.
Published
2019-11-21
How to Cite
Surzhik, M., Sidorova, G., Mukhina, N., Naumova, T., & Falko, V. (2019). Assessment of landscape and environmental conditions of Susuman district of Magadan region. Amazonia Investiga, 8(24), 324-334. Retrieved from https://amazoniainvestiga.info/index.php/amazonia/article/view/990
Section
Articles