Influence of the role and status of a preschool child on the keeping a positive microclimate inside the family
The article deals with the problem of the influence of the role and status of a child on the keeping a positive microclimate inside the family and positive relationships between parents and children. Preschool age is like no other characterized by the strongest dependence on adults, and this stage of personality development is mainly determined by the child’s relationships with adults. Even adults themselves sometimes do not understand how their personal qualities become the property of children, in what way, according to the specifics of childhood, they are interpreted, and what significance they acquire for the child. In connection with the special educational role of the family, the issue of how to maximize the positive interaction between family members, minimizing the negative impact of adult family members on children, is of particular importance. The article is devoted to this issue. The aim of the study is to identify the influence of the role status of a preschool child on maintaining a positive microclimate in the family. The methodology of our study was based on the application of a set of theoretical and practical methods. As a result of the study, we concluded that parents, in order to maintain a positive microclimate in the family, must take into account the following features of a preschool child: a) a child can arbitrarily control its behavior, as well as processes of attention and remembering, emotional reactions; b) in any type of activity, a child can go beyond the immediate situation, realize the time perspective, at the same time keep in consciousness a chain of interrelated events or different states of a substance or a process; c) the leading value in the psychological development of a preschool child is imagination. In order to maintain a positive microclimate in the family, it is necessary to accept the child as he is, with all his personality characteristics. The main role of the child in such a family is the role of her beloved member.
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