Instruments to Choose Priorities of the Spatial Development of the Region in the Context of Smart Specialization
The article is devoted to studying the processes of spatial development and geo-economic integration of the subjects of the Central Black Earth macroregion in Russia. The authors have developed and tested the methodology for analyzing the spatial potential and assessing the geo-integration of territories. It has been determined that all areas of the Central Black Earth macroregion have high spatial potential. However, a high level of geo-economic integration is characteristic only for the Lipetsk Region. The list of critical breakthrough technologies has been made, and the technological profile of the Central Black Earth macroregion has been formed. A management matrix for selecting priorities and scenarios for the spatial development of the region in the context of smart specialization has been worked out. According to the results of the study, the strategy of international technological specialization in the area of basic technologies of power electrical engineering, nano-, bio-, information and cognitive technologies is promising for the Lipetsk Region. The Belgorod, Voronezh, Kursk and Tambov Regions should choose a strategy of local technological specialization based on the interregional interaction in priority technological sectors.
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