The relationship between coping strategies of extreme job holders and post-traumatic stress disorders

Keywords: Behavioural strategies, adaptive behaviour, stress reactions, depression, post-traumatic symptoms.


Extreme workers are constantly exposed to negative impact in the course of their work. Over time, excessive stress and traumatic events can cause symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). As a result, employees are unable to fully function as specialists, which manifests in the destructive coping strategies. The aim of the study involves determining the symptoms of PTSD and related coping strategies of extreme workers. Methods. The study is based on the use of standardized PTSD diagnostic tests (Screen PC-PTSD, IES-R, SDS) and coping strategies of employees (CSI). Data processing was carried out using quantitative analysis and statistical methods: descriptive statistics, multiple regression analysis. Results. The study showed that the symptoms of intrusion, avoidance, excitability, high depression, and destructive coping strategies is observed in emergency specialists with PTSD symptoms. It was established that specialists with PTSD symptoms have pronounced “avoidance” coping (p=0.000, β=0.082), while “problem solving” was dominant coping of specialists with no PTSD (p=0.000, β=-0.045). They have pronounced depression (p=0.000, β=0.25), as well as such symptoms as avoidance (p=0.000, β=0.27), excitability (p=0.000, β=0.33) and intrusion (p =0.000, β=0.31). Conclusions. The relationship between the PTSD symptoms of emergency workers and their coping strategies was empirically found. The avoidance strategy is the most typical for specialists with PTSD symptoms. Prospects. The obtained results can be used in the prevention of PTSD in emergency workers. They can also be used for building a model of comprehensive overcoming of the consequences of PTSD by these specialists.


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Author Biographies

Halyna Mukhina, Donetsk State University of Internal Affairs, Kropyvnytskyi, Ukraine.

PhD of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Social and Humanitarian Disciplines, Donetsk State University of Internal Affairs, Kropyvnytskyi, Ukraine.

Iryna Yakymchuk, Pavlo Tychyna Uman State Pedagogical University, Uman, Ukraine.

PhD of Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social and Psychological Education, Pavlo Tychyna Uman State Pedagogical University, Uman, Ukraine.

Yuliia Oliinyk, Kharkiv National Medical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine.

PhD of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Hygiene and Ecology No. 1, Kharkiv National Medical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine.

Mariia Elvizou, Vietnam National University, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Master’s Degree, Lecturer, Faculty of Linguistics, International School, Vietnam National University, Hanoi, Vietnam.

Anton Shvalb, National University of Civil Defence of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine.

PhD of Psychological Sciences, Lecturer, Department of General Psychology, Social and Psychological Faculty, National University of Civil Defence of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine.


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How to Cite
Mukhina, H., Yakymchuk, I., Oliinyk, Y., Elvizou, M., & Shvalb, A. (2023). The relationship between coping strategies of extreme job holders and post-traumatic stress disorders. Amazonia Investiga, 12(63), 299-309.