Specialists’ basic behavioural coping strategies when handling stressful situations

Keywords: adaptive behaviour, anxiety, behavioural strategies, professional stress, psychological well-being.


The professional activity of a modern specialist is significantly impacted by various stressful situations. Professional stress causes specialists’ anxiety, which negatively affects their well-being. The choice of adaptive strategies for handling stressful situations is the key to successful professional activity and emotional stability. The ability to choose the most productive coping strategies enables a specialist to quickly handle any stressful situations.

The aim of this study is to identify the anxiety level and prevailing coping strategies of specialists with different stress levels.

Methods. The research involved the method of analytical information processing and methods of empirical diagnostics. The following statistical methods were used: the Kruskal–Wallis test and the Spearman correlation coefficient.

Results. The obtained results revealed that specialists with a high stress level have high personal and situational anxiety, the prevailing coping strategies are confrontation, escape, seeking social support and distancing (р≤0.001). Specialists with a low stress level showed low anxiety and coping strategies of self-control, problem solving, and positive reappraisal (р≤0.001).

Conclusions. It was empirically proved that the stress level affects the choice of coping strategy. Specialists with high stress levels have high anxiety and maladaptive coping strategies.

Prospects. The obtained results can be implemented in the creation of a programme for the development of adaptive coping strategies of specialists in order to productively handle stressful situations.


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Author Biographies

Anait Meloian, SHEI “Donbas State Pedagogical University”, Sloviansk, Ukraine.

PhD of Psychological Sciences, Professor, Head of the Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities and Economic Education, SHEI “Donbas State Pedagogical University”, Sloviansk, Ukraine.

Alona Pohribna, SHEI “Donbas State Pedagogical University”, Sloviansk, Ukraine.

PhD of Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities and Economic Education, SHEI “Donbas State Pedagogical University”, Sloviansk, Ukraine.

Andrii Kiian, SHEI “Donbas State Pedagogical University”, Sloviansk, Ukraine.

PhD of Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Faculty of Humanities and Economic Education, SHEI “Donbas State Pedagogical University”, Sloviansk, Ukraine.

Andrey Sharypin, Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture, Kyiv, Ukraine.

PhD in Philosophy, Associate Professor, Department of Philosophy, Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Olena Bulavina, State Higher Educational Institution “Kyiv National Economic University Named After Vadym Hetman”, Kyiv, Ukraine.

PhD of Economic Sciences, Associate Professor, Department of Pedagogy and Psychology, Faculty of Personnel Management, Sociology and Phycology, State Higher Educational Institution “Kyiv National Economic University Named After Vadym Hetman”, Kyiv, Ukraine.


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How to Cite
Meloian, A., Pohribna, A., Kiian, A., Sharypin, A., & Bulavina, O. (2022). Specialists’ basic behavioural coping strategies when handling stressful situations. Amazonia Investiga, 11(60), 102-112. https://doi.org/10.34069/AI/2022.60.12.10