Specialists’ basic behavioural coping strategies when handling stressful situations
The professional activity of a modern specialist is significantly impacted by various stressful situations. Professional stress causes specialists’ anxiety, which negatively affects their well-being. The choice of adaptive strategies for handling stressful situations is the key to successful professional activity and emotional stability. The ability to choose the most productive coping strategies enables a specialist to quickly handle any stressful situations.
The aim of this study is to identify the anxiety level and prevailing coping strategies of specialists with different stress levels.
Methods. The research involved the method of analytical information processing and methods of empirical diagnostics. The following statistical methods were used: the Kruskal–Wallis test and the Spearman correlation coefficient.
Results. The obtained results revealed that specialists with a high stress level have high personal and situational anxiety, the prevailing coping strategies are confrontation, escape, seeking social support and distancing (р≤0.001). Specialists with a low stress level showed low anxiety and coping strategies of self-control, problem solving, and positive reappraisal (р≤0.001).
Conclusions. It was empirically proved that the stress level affects the choice of coping strategy. Specialists with high stress levels have high anxiety and maladaptive coping strategies.
Prospects. The obtained results can be implemented in the creation of a programme for the development of adaptive coping strategies of specialists in order to productively handle stressful situations.
Almogbel, Y. (2021). The Effect of Occupational Stress on the Quality of Life of Pharmacists in Saudi Arabia. Risk Management and Healthcare Policy, 14, 643-654. https://doi.org/10.2147/RMHP.S281317
Alosaimi, F. D., Alawad, H. S., Alamri, A. K., Saeed, A. I., Aljuaydi, K. A., Alotaibi, A. S., Alotaibi, K. M., & Alfaris, E. A. (2018). Stress and coping among consultant physicians working in Saudi Arabia. Annals of Saudi Medicine, 38(3), 214-224. https://doi.org/10.5144/0256-4947.2018.214
Białek, K., & Sadowski, M. (2020). Level of stress and strategies used to cope with stress by physicians working in intensive care units. Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy, 51(5), 361–369. https://doi.org/10.5114/ait.2019.90473
Bonneville-Roussy, A., Evans, P., Verner-Filion, J., Vallerand, R., & Bouffard, T. (2017). Motivation and coping with the stress of assessment: Gender differences in outcomes for university students. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 48, 28-42. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cedpsych.2016.08.003
Cheval, B., Mongin, D., Cullati, S., Uribe, A., Pihl-Thingvad, J., Chopard, P., & Courvoisier, D. S. (2021). Associations of emotional burden and coping strategies with sick leave among healthcare professionals: A longitudinal observational study. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 115, 103869. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2021.103869
Cordeiro, R., Calha, A., Mourão, C., & Camões, F. (2020). Stress and coping strategies in health professionals. Revista Portuguesa de Enfermagem de Saúde Mental, 7, 09-16. https://doi.org/10.19131/rpesm.0241
de Los Santos, J. R., Albasin-Lacaba, M., & Gem, I. (2018). Coping Strategies among Employees towards Occupational Stress. Health Notions, 2(12), 1238-1245. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/333200851_Coping_Strategies_among_Employees_towards_Occupational_Stress
Ebrahimi, M. H., Poursadeghiyan, M., Abbasi, M., Mehri, A., Hami, M., & Raei, M. (2016). Relationship between job stress and anxiety, depression and job satisfaction in Nurses in Iran. Medical Science Nursing. Nurses, 11, 2349-2355.
Fernandes, I. M., Ribeiro, A. M., Gomes, R. L., Lopes, J. S. S., Vanderlei, L. C. M., & Lorençoni, R. M. R. (2019). Anxiety, depression and stress among employees of a public higher education institution in São Paulo, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Medicina do Trabalho, 17(4), 530-536. https://doi.org/10.5327/Z1679443520190472
Freire, C., Ferradás, M. D. M., Regueiro, B., Rodríguez, S., Valle, A., & Núñez, J. C. (2020). Coping strategies and self-efﬁcacy in universitystudents: A person-centered approach. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 841-862.
Goel, M., & Verma, J. P. (2021). Workplace stress and coping mechanism in a cohort of Indian service industry. Asia Pacific Management Review, 26(3), 113-119. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apmrv.2020.10.001
Hai-Yen, N.-T., Minh-Thu, D.-T., Thuy-Tram, N.-N., Van, D. D., Dinh, P. L., & Tu, L. N. D. (2021). Assessment of Job Stress of Clinical Pharmacists in Ho Chi Minh City. Vietnam: A Cross-Sectional Study, 12. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.635595
Isikhan, V., Comez, T., & Danis, M. Z. (2004). Job stress and coping strategies in health care professionals working with cancer patients. European Journal of Oncology Nursing, 8(3), 234-244. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejon.2003.11.004
Ji-Soo, K. (2018). Relationship between incivility experiences and nursing professional values among nursing students: Moderating effects of coping strategies. Nurse Education Today, 65, 187-191. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nedt.2018.03.007
Kawale, N., Rahate, V., & Ijmtst, E. (2022). Stress and Coping Strategies of Students in Professional Courses. International Journal for Modern Trends in Science and Technology, 8, 81-83. Doi: 10.46501/IJMTST0806009
Lazarus, R. S., & Folkman, S. (1987). Transactional theory and research on emotions and coping. European Journal of Personality, 1, 141-169.
Leghari, S. Y., Mukhtar, M., & Arshad, S. (2020). The Stress and Coping Strategies in Nurses of a Tertiary Hospital, Punjab. Basic and Applied Nursing Research Journal, 1(1), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.11594/banrj.01.01.01
Lukasik, K. M., Waris, O., Soveri, A., Lehtonen, M., & Laine, M. (2019). The Relationship of Anxiety and Stress With Working Memory Performance in a Large Non-depressed Sample. Frontiers in Psychology, 10(4). https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00004
Maghan, M. (2017). Problem Solving Style and Coping Strategies: Effects of Perceived Stress. Creative Education, 8, 2332-2351. https://doi.org/10.4236/ce.2017.814160
Manzoor, S., Sajjad, M., Anwar, I., & Rafi, A. (2022). Coping strategies adopted by medical residents in dealing with work-related stress: a mixed-methods study. BMC Medical Education, 22, 449 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12909-022-03520-6
Maresca, G., Corallo, F., Catanese, G., Formica, C., & Lo Buono, V. (2022). Coping Strategies of Healthcare Professionals with Burnout Syndrome: A Systematic Review. Medicina (Kaunas), 58(2), 327. https://doi.org/10.3390/medicina58020327
Meško, M., Erenda, I., Videmšek, M., Karpljuk, D., Štihec, J., & Roblek, V. (2013). Relationship between stress coping strategies and absenteeism among middle level managers. Management Journal of Contemporary Management, 18, 1846-3363.
Napryeyenko, O., Napryeyenko, N., Marazziti, D., Loganovskaja, T., & Tsekhmister, Y. (2019). Depressive syndromes associated with alcohol dependence. Clinical Neuropsychiatry, 16(5-6), 174-180. https://doi.org/10.36131/clinicalnpsych2019050603
Rus, M., Sandu, M., Mănescu, M., & Stănescu, N. (2022). Relationship between burnouts, coping strategies and stress management in health care professionals. Technium Social Sciences Journal, 31, 480-488. https://doi.org/10.47577/tssj.v31i1.6469
Suni, M. S., Nirmala, V., & Sikkandar, S. (2017). Stress and Job Satisfaction among Staff Nurses. Asian Journal of Nursing Education and Research, 7(1), 31-34.
Thelwell, R. C., Weston, N. J. V., & Greenlees, I. A. (2007). Batting on a sticky wicket: Identifying sources of stress and associated coping strategies for professional cricket batsmen. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 8(2), 219-232. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2006.04.002
Tsekhmister, I. V., Daniliuk, I. V., Rodina, N. V., Biron, B. V., & Semeniuk, N. S. (2019). Developing a stress reaction inventory for eye care workers. Journal of Ophthalmology, 1, 39-45. https://doi.org/10.31288/oftalmolzh201913945
Vachet, J. (2022). Coping Strategies and Defence Mechanisms. In Fantasy, Neoliberalism and Precariousness (Digital Activism and Society: Politics, Economy And Culture In Network Communication). Bingley: Emerald Publishing Limited, 67-91. https://doi.org/10.1108/978-1-80382-307-220221003
Vasan, M. (2018). Impact of Job Stress on Job Satisfaction among the Pharmaceutical Sales Representatives. Research Journal of Pharmacy and Technology, 11, 3759-3764. 10.5958/0974-360X.2018.00688.1
Welbourne, J. L., Eggerth, D., Hartley, T. A., Andrew, M. E., & Sanchez, F. (2007). Coping strategies in the workplace: Relationships with attributional style and job satisfaction. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 70, 312–325.
Yaribeygi, H., Panahi, Y., Sahraei, H., Johnston, T. P., & Sahebkar, A. (2017). The impact of stress on body function: A review. EXCLI Journal, 16, 1057-1072. https://doi.org/10.17179/excli2017-480