The effects of time management workshops on students` academic success: A study on foundation english students at Tishk International University

Keywords: Time management workshops, 21st century skills, time management training.


Time management skills have been considered fundamental to improve 21st century skills related to learning, literacy and life. Commanding the time precisely can facilitate people`s lives in many aspects. Conversely, people who are terrible at managing their time can encounter many problems throughout their lives. In this regard, the main aim of this study which was conducted by a mixed method design was to measure the effects of time management workshops on students` overall success in Foundation English course at Tishk International University located in Erbil, Iraq in 2021-2022 Academic Year. Correspondingly, 30 students in 5 different departments were chosen by convenience sampling method for this study which had a span of 8 weeks. The participants in the control group received a traditional instruction with printed copies on time management, while participants in the experimental group underwent a training period with three time management workshops. The data were collected via a questionnaire, an interview and two exams. SPSS 27 and MAXQDA were primary instruments to analyze the data. The former one was used to analyze the exams through independent samples t test, whereas the latter one was used to transcribe the expressions in the interview. The findings revealed that the students in experimental group outperformed in terms of success in the exams, the level of motivation and transforming their lives positively. The implications of this study can pave the way to integrate time management workshops into the curriculum at educational institutions globally.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Soran Abubakr Abdulrahman, Tishk International University, Erbil/Iraq.

Assistant Lecturer, English Language Teaching Department, Faculty of Education, Tishk International University, Erbil/Iraq.


Adams, R. V., & Blair, E. (2019). Impact of time management behaviors on undergraduate engineering students’ performance. Sage Open, 9(1), 2158244018824506.

Amiri, Z., Ghobadian, M., & Mirzaei, A. (2014). The study of time management factors and their influences on productivity. Kuwait chapter of Arabian journal of business and management review, 3(10), (a).

Bartholomew, C. P. (2012). Time: an empirical analysis of law student time management deficiencies. U. Cin. L. Rev., 81, 897.

Britton, B. K., & Tesser, A. (1991). Effects of time-management practices on college grades. Journal of educational psychology, 83(3), 405.

Celik, B., & Yildiz, Y. (2017). Commitment to the teaching profession. International Journal of Social Sciences & Educational Studies, 4(2), 93-97.

Chaudhari, T. (2022) Time management essentials and importance. International Journal of Commerce and Management Research, 8(5), 6-8.

Clark, K. R. (2018). Learning theories: behaviorism. Radiologic technology, 90(2), 172-175.

Cyril, A. V. (2015). Time management and academic achievement of higher secondary students. Journal on School Educational Technology, 10(3), 38-43.

Eshaghieh, A. E., & Eslami, S. (2015). The Effect of Time Management on Human Resources’ Productivity Social Security Organization of Yazd. J. Appl. Environ. Biol. Sci, 5(11S), 69-79.

Fidalgo, P., Thormann, J., Kulyk, O., & Lencastre, J. A. (2020). Students’ perceptions on distance education: A multinational study. International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education, 17(1), 1-18.

Gizzi, M. C., & Rädiker, S. (Eds.). (2021). The Practice of Qualitative Data Analysis: Research Examples Using MAXQDA. BoD–Books on Demand.

Häfner, A., Stock, A., & Oberst, V. (2015). Decreasing students’ stress through time management training: An intervention study. European journal of psychology of education, 30(1), 81-94.

Hashemizadeh, H. (2006). Time management behaviors and job stress analysis in internal and surgery head-nurses of Oloum Pezeshki University hospitals. Psychological Hygienic Science Journal, 29 & 30, pp. 51-56.

Hensley, L. C., Wolters, C. A., Won, S., & Brady, A. C. (2018). Academic probation, time management, and time use in a college success course. Journal of College Reading and Learning, 48(2), 105-123.

Khan, M. J., & Rasheed, S. (2019). Moderating role of learning strategies between meta-cognitive awareness and study habits among university students. Pakistan Journal of Psychological Research, 34(1), 215-231.

Khan, N. U. S., & Yildiz, Y. (2020). Impact of intangible characteristics of universities on student satisfaction. Amazonia Investiga, 9(26), 105-116.

Khiat, H. (2022). Using automated time management enablers to improve self-regulated learning. Active Learning in Higher Education, 23(1), 3-15.

Kim, D. I., & Ra, Y. A. (2015). What impacts success in college? Findings from the perceptions of Korean students. College Student Journal, 49(1), 161-168.

Kimmons, R. (2022). Mixed Methods: How does one go about doing good mixed methods research? In R. Kimmons (Ed.), Education Research. BYU Open Textbook Network.

Legchilina, E. (2020). Designing of social and labor relations in the context of transformation: principles, organizational and institutional aspects. Revista Científica Del Amazonas, 3(5), 43-53.

Lerchenfeldt, S., Attardi, S. M., Pratt, R. L., Sawarynski, K. E., & Taylor, T. A. (2021). Twelve tips for interfacing with the new generation of medical students: iGen. Medical Teacher, 43(11), 1249-1254.

Lucas, M., Bem-Haja, P., Siddiq, F., Moreira, A., & Redecker, C. (2021). The relation between in-service teachers' digital competence and personal and contextual factors: What matters most?. Computers & Education, 160, 104052.

Macan, T. H., Shahani, C., Dipboye, R. L., & Phillips, A. P. (1990). College students' time management: Correlations with academic performance and stress. Journal of educational psychology, 82(4), 760.

Macan, T. H. (1994). Time management: Test of a process model. Journal of applied psychology, 79(3), 381.

MacCann, C., Fogarty, G. J., & Roberts, R. D. (2012). Strategies for success in education: Time management is more important for part-time than full-time community college students. Learning and Individual Differences, 22(5), 618-623.

Majid, S., Liming, Z., Tong, S., & Raihana, S. (2012). Importance of soft skills for education and career success. International Journal for Cross-Disciplinary Subjects in Education, 2(2), 1037-1042.

Ocak, G., & Boyraz, S. (2016). Examination of the Relation between Academic Procrastination and Time Management Skills of Undergraduate Students in Terms of Some Variables. Journal of education and training studies, 4(5), 76-84.

Roper, A. R. (2007). How students develop online learning skills. Educause Quarterly, 30(1), 62.

Shipp, A. J., & Cole, M. S. (2015). Time in individual-level organizational studies: What is it, how is it used, and why isn’t it exploited more often?. Annu. Rev. Organ. Psychol. Organ. Behav., 2(1), 237-260.

Topor, D. R., & Budson, A. E. (2020). Twelve tips to present an effective webinar. Medical teacher, 42(11), 1216-1220.

Tsai, H. C., & Liu, S. H. (2015). Relationships between time-management skills, Facebook interpersonal skills and academic achievement among junior high school students. Social Psychology of Education, 18(3), 503-516.

Wolters, C. A., & Brady, A. C. (2021). College students’ time management: A self-regulated learning perspective. Educational Psychology Review, 33(4), 1319-1351.

Xu, J., Du, J., Wang, C., Liu, F., Huang, B., Zhang, M., & Xie, J. (2020). Intrinsic motivation, favorability, time management, and achievement: A cross-lagged panel analysis. Learning and Motivation, 72, 101677.

Yildiz, Y. (2015). The key to success in English learning can be involvement in extra curricular. International Journal of Thesis Projects and Dissertations, 3(3), 24-28.

Yildiz, Y. (2015b). Time spent in target language-oriented extracurricular activities and foreign language students’ satisfaction. In 5th International Research Conference on Education, 478-482.
How to Cite
Abdulrahman, S. A. (2022). The effects of time management workshops on students` academic success: A study on foundation english students at Tishk International University. Amazonia Investiga, 11(58), 112-123.