The effect of international relations on democratization of Turkey between 2002-2010 during justice and development party rule

Keywords: Democratization in Turkey, Secular Elites, Justice and Development Party, International relations, Conditionality, Contagion.


Democratization takes place under different conditions in every country. The social structure and that of state play important roles, and there are many other internal and external factors for this process. Turkey also went through different phases for democratization processes. This is a qualitative study and formed by reviewing related literature and evaluating. It focuses on external factors between 2002 and 2010 because there was a struggle and long-lasting conflicts between secular elites and conservative democrats during this time. With the help and encouragement of European Union (EU), Justice and Development Party governments were able to eliminate the status quo inherited from 1980 military coup. Although democratization of Turkey proceeded with the effect of many different factors, the effect of international relations in this era was priceless for the governments of that time. Especially Turkey’s candidate process to membership of EU enforced conditionality by these countries. Even more the ruling party consented to democratize. Under the control of them, Turkey made a relatively smooth transition to more democratic state.


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Author Biographies

Recep Bilgin, Tishk International University, Erbil, Iraq.

PhD Candidate, International Relations and Diplomacy Department, Faculty of Administrative Sciences and Economics, Tishk International University, Erbil, Iraq.

Seydali Ekici, International Burch University, Bosnia Herzegovina.

PhD. Candidate, International Burch University Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences Department of International Relations and European Studies, Sarajevo, Bosnia Herzegovina.

Fatih Sezgin, Campus, Glenbow College, Calgary, Canada.

PhD. Candidate, Campus Director, Glenbow College, Calgary, Canada.


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How to Cite
Bilgin, R., Ekici, S., & Sezgin, F. (2022). The effect of international relations on democratization of Turkey between 2002-2010 during justice and development party rule. Amazonia Investiga, 11(57), 205-220.
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