Legal and organizational principles of person identification by appearance during the investigation of criminal offenses in Ukraine

Keywords: identification, signs of appearance, recognition, portrait examination, photo work.

Abstract

The purpose of the study is to determine the legal and organizational basis for identifying a person based on appearance during the investigation of criminal offenses in Ukraine.

In order to achieve the goal of the article, the authors used methods of synthesis and analysis. Statistical methods were also used, with the help of which the problems that make it impossible to carry out portrait examinations based on the materials of video recordings and photographs, as well as other revealing ones, are defined and displayed in percentage form. The logical method and the method of generalization were used when formulating the conclusions of the conducted research.

The authors have determined the legal and organizational aspects of presentation for identification, conducting portrait examinations, and identification based on subjective portraits. Recommendations for improving the current criminal procedural legislation have been formulated. The factors that negatively affect the implementation of the researched methods of identification of a person based on appearance are determined.

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Author Biographies

Larysa Kryvoruchko, Scientific Institute of Public Law, Ukraine.

Leading Researcher of the Department of Scientific and Legal Expertise and Draft Law of the Scientific Institute of Public Law, Doctor of Law, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Oleksii Kucher, State Regulatory Service of Ukraine, Ukraine.

Head of the State Regulatory Service of Ukraine, Candidate of Law, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Vlada Husieva, Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs, Ukraine.

Professor of the Department of Criminalistics, Forensic Science and Pre-medical care of Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs, Professor, Doctor of Law, Kharkiv, Ukraine.

Iryna Timush, National Aviation University, Ukraine.

Professor of the Department of Economic, Air and Space Law of the Faculty of Law of the National Aviation University, Professor, Doctor of Law, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Diana Timush, National Aviation University, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Postgraduate of the Faculty of Law of the National Aviation University, Kyiv, Ukraine.

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Published
2022-10-18
How to Cite
Kryvoruchko, L., Kucher, O., Husieva, V., Timush, I., & Timush, D. (2022). Legal and organizational principles of person identification by appearance during the investigation of criminal offenses in Ukraine. Amazonia Investiga, 11(56), 82-90. https://doi.org/10.34069/AI/2022.56.08.9
Section
Articles