Legal and organizational principles of person identification by appearance during the investigation of criminal offenses in Ukraine

Keywords: identification, signs of appearance, recognition, portrait examination, photo work.


The purpose of the study is to determine the legal and organizational basis for identifying a person based on appearance during the investigation of criminal offenses in Ukraine.

In order to achieve the goal of the article, the authors used methods of synthesis and analysis. Statistical methods were also used, with the help of which the problems that make it impossible to carry out portrait examinations based on the materials of video recordings and photographs, as well as other revealing ones, are defined and displayed in percentage form. The logical method and the method of generalization were used when formulating the conclusions of the conducted research.

The authors have determined the legal and organizational aspects of presentation for identification, conducting portrait examinations, and identification based on subjective portraits. Recommendations for improving the current criminal procedural legislation have been formulated. The factors that negatively affect the implementation of the researched methods of identification of a person based on appearance are determined.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Larysa Kryvoruchko, Scientific Institute of Public Law, Ukraine.

Leading Researcher of the Department of Scientific and Legal Expertise and Draft Law of the Scientific Institute of Public Law, Doctor of Law, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Oleksii Kucher, State Regulatory Service of Ukraine, Ukraine.

Head of the State Regulatory Service of Ukraine, Candidate of Law, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Vlada Husieva, Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs, Ukraine.

Professor of the Department of Criminalistics, Forensic Science and Pre-medical care of Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs, Professor, Doctor of Law, Kharkiv, Ukraine.

Iryna Timush, National Aviation University, Ukraine.

Professor of the Department of Economic, Air and Space Law of the Faculty of Law of the National Aviation University, Professor, Doctor of Law, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Diana Timush, National Aviation University, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Postgraduate of the Faculty of Law of the National Aviation University, Kyiv, Ukraine.


Antoshchuk, A. O., & Hrynenko, K. V. (2021). Features of presentation a person for identification by video materials. Scientific Journal of the National Pedagogical University named after M. P. Drahomanov. Series 18. Law, 36, 3-9.

Antoshchuk, A. (2021). The significance of subjective portraits in the investigation of criminal offenses. Sciences of Europe, 64, 12-14. Retrieved from

Bertovsky, L. V., Ryzhkova, I. A., & Ryzhkov, S. A. (2021). Innovative technologies and principles of criminal proceeding when conducting investigative actions. Amazonia Investiga, 10(48), 18-25.

Bezkorovoyny, B. V. (2018). Forensic identity by imagining when presented for identification. Kyiv: National Academy of Internal Affairs. Retrieved from

Boiarov, V., Larkin, M., Dudorov, O., Pyrozhkova, Y., & Legkykh, K. (2020). Interrogation of the victims during the investigation of crimes committed by youth extremist groups. Amazonia Investiga, 9(28), 281-287.

Chashnytska, T. H. (2021). Reflection of personal appearance in video materials. Scientific Notes of Lviv University of Business and Law, 29, 279-284. Retrieved from

Demchyshak, R. (2021). The use of three-dimensional modeling as a way of information and technical support of forensic registration. International scientific journal «Internauka». Series: «Juridical sciences», 10(44), 72-78.

Gupta, A., Punj, D., & Pillai, A. (2022). Face recognition system based on Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) for criminal identification. Mobile Radio Communications and 5G Networks, 21–33.

Hrynenko, K. V. (2020) Organizational and tactic principles of submission of a person for recognition based on appearance. The South Ukrainian Law Journal, 1, 155-159.

Hu, X., Peng, S., Wang, L., Yang, Z., & Li, Z. (2017). Surveillance video face recognition with single sample per person based on 3D modeling and blurring. Neurocomputing, 235, 46–58.

Husieva, V. (2021). Problems of human identification by appearance in investigation of criminal offenses. Theory and Practice of Forensic Science and Criminalistics, 2(24), 109-122.

Huynh-The, T., Hua, C.-H., Tu, N. A., & Kim, D.-S. (2020). Learning 3D spatiotemporal gait feature by Convolutional Network for person identification. Neurocomputing, 397, 192–202.

Ibn Khedher, M., El-Yacoubi, M. A., & Dorizzi, B. (2017). Fusion of appearance and motion-based sparse representations for multi-shot person re-identification. Neurocomputing, 248, 94–104.

Izotov, O. (2016). Persons identification during pre-trial investigation. Journal of the National Prosecution Academy of Ukraine, 3, 102-109 Retrieved from

Khakhanovskyi, V., & Chashnytska, T. H. (2020). Personal identification, recorded in video materials. Forensic Bulletin, 1(33), 72-80.

Khan, M. H., Farid, M. S., & Grzegorzek, M. (2021). Vision-based approaches towards person identification using gait. Computer Science Review, 42, 100432. DOI:

Law of Ukraine No. 4651-VI. Criminal Procedure Codes of Ukraine (2012). Web site of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, October 04, 2021. Retrieved from

Lisanti, G., Martinel, N., Micheloni, C., Del Bimbo, A., & Foresti, G. L. (2019). From person to group re-identification via unsupervised transfer of sparse features. Image and Vision Computing, 83-84, 29–38.

Mathyer, J. (1984). Professor RA Reiss: A pioneer of forensic science. Journal of the Forensic Science Society, 24(2), 131–142.

Sanchez, J.-L. (2012). Alphonse Bertillon et la Méthode Anthropométrique. Sens-Dessous, 10(1), 64–74.

Tholen, M. G., Schurz, M., & Perner, J. (2019). The role of the IPL in person identification. Neuropsychologia, 129, 164–170.

Zholnovych, I. V. (2007). Theoretical problems and practical issues of criminalistic description of a person’s appearance. Kyiv: Academy of Advocacy of Ukraine. Retrieved from
How to Cite
Kryvoruchko, L., Kucher, O., Husieva, V., Timush, I., & Timush, D. (2022). Legal and organizational principles of person identification by appearance during the investigation of criminal offenses in Ukraine. Amazonia Investiga, 11(56), 82-90.
Bookmark and Share