Sharing unreviewed research data: Problems and prospects

Keywords: research data, data sharing, open science, peer review, repository, scientific journal, scientific communication.


This paper highlights the results of the survey of Ukrainian scientists on the exchange of unreviewed research data with other scientists, and their motivation to use and disseminate unreviewed research data. By “research data” we mean both processed (summarized in the form of text data, tables, figures, infographics, etc.) and unprocessed information collected by researchers due to experiments, observations, simulations, through surveys or in other ways, or generated from available information. A questionnaire was distributed in different Facebook groups for scientists (“Ukrainian Scientific Journals” “Ukrainian Scientists Worldwide”, “Pseudoscience News in Ukraine”, “Scientific Conferences and Publications”, “Academic Virtue and Plagiarism”, “Higher School and Science of Ukraine: Disintegration or Blossoming?”, “Ukrainian cuisine of scientific publications”) and through university networks. Results from 736 respondents demonstrated awareness and attitudes about data sharing, advantages, and disadvantages of data sharing for scientists. Most of the respondents don’t trust the results of scientific research published in sources other than peer-reviewed scientific journals. Only 34.7 % of the respondents use to publish their unreviewed research data. The reasons that can stop scientists from sharing research data are the following: problems with copyright protection, luck of time, fear to lose publishing opportunities, contradictions with the requirements of the journals, risk of misinterpretation, risk of losing leadership in the field of research, ethical norms violations, prejudice. Researchers, especially those who work at universities, highlighted lack of time for data sharing, because they teach and supervise students, conduct research, have administrative activities, participate in community services. Among the reasons for data sharing the scientists noted cooperation, formation of reputation, increasing the likelihood of being quoted, feedback from the scientific community, development of science, saving results to use in the future, etc. 30.9 % of the respondents indicated that they do not find anything that could motivate them to share research data. Meanwhile about 78.0 % of respondents are sure, that they need trainings in the field of data sharing.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Svitlana Fiialka, National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”, Ukraine.

National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”, Ukraine.

Nadija Figol, National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”, Ukraine.

National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”, Ukraine.

Tetiana Fisenko, National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”, Ukraine.

National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”, Ukraine.

Valeriia Kasianchuk, National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”, Ukraine.

National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”, Ukraine.

Olha Holovko, National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”, Ukraine.

National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute”, Ukraine.

Vasyl Teremko, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine.

Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine.


Aleixandre-Benavent, R., Vidal-Infer, A., Alonso-Arroyo, A., Peset, F., & Ferrer Sapena, A. (2020). Research Data Sharing in Spain: Exploring Determinants, Practices, and Perceptions. Data, 5(2), doi: 10.3390/data5020029

Bishoff, C., & Johnston, L. (2015). Approaches to data sharing: an analysis of NSF data management plans from a large research university. Journal of Librarianship and Scholarly Communication, 3(2), 1-27. doi: 10.7710/2162-3309.1231

Borgman, C. L. (2015). Big data, little data, no data. Cambridge: MIT Press. doi:

Chawinga, W. D., & Zinn, S. (2019). Global perspectives of research data sharing: A systematic literature review. Library & Information Science Research, 41(2), 109–122. doi: 10.1016/j.lisr.2019.04.004

Guedj, D., & Ramjoué, C. (2015). European Commission policy on open-access to scientific publications and research data in Horizon 2020. Biomed Data Journal, 1(1), 11–14.

Gurin, J., Manley, L., & Ariss, A. (2015). Sustainable Development Goals and Open Data. World Bank. Retrieved October 21, 2021 from

Huh, S. (2019). Recent trends in medical journals’ data sharing policies and statements of data availability. Archives of plastic surgery, 46(6), 493–497.

Hunt, L. T. (2019). The life-changing magic of sharing your data. Nat. Hum. Behav., 3, 312-315.

Kaye, J., Terry, S.F., Juengst, E., Coy, S., Harris, J.R., Chalmers, D., & Bezuidenhout, L. (2018). Including all voices in international data-sharing governance. HumanGenomics, 12(1), 13.

Koopman, M. M., & De Jager, K. (2016). Archiving South African digital research data: how ready are we? South African Journal of Science, 112(7/8), 1–7. DOI:

Koslow, S. H. (2002). Sharing primary data: A threat or asset to discovery? Nat. Rev. Neurosci., 3, 311–313.

Luzi, D., Ruggieri, R., & Pisacane, L. (2019). The OpenUP Pilot on Research Data Sharing, Validation and Dissemination in Social Sciences. Digital Libraries: Supporting Open Scienc. Springer, 248–258. doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-11226-4_20

Martone, M. E., Garcia-Castro, A. & Van den Bos, G. R. (2018). Data sharing in psychology. American Psychologist, 73(2), 111–125. DOI:

Mbuagbaw, L., Foster, G., Cheng, J., &Thabane, L. (2017). Challenges to complete anduseful data sharing. Trials, 18(1), 71.

Melero, R., & Navarro‐Molina, C. (2020). Researchers’ attitudes and perceptions towards data sharing and data reuse in the field of food science and technology. Learned Publishing, 33(2), 163-179. doi:

Nielsen, M.A. (2009). Doing science in the open. Physics World, 22, 30-35.

Paradis, N., Knoll, M. A., Shah, C., Lambert, C., Delouya, G., Bahig, H., & Taussky, D. (2020). Twitter. American Journal of Clinical Oncology, 43(6), 442–445. doi:

PM, N., & Saeed, S. (2019). Research Data Management and Data Sharing among Research Scholars of Life Sciences and Social Sciences. DESIDOC Journal of Library & Information Technology, 39(06), 290-299.

Research Data Alliance and The Committee on Data for Science and Technology. (2016). Legal interoperability of research data: principles and implementation guidelines. RDA-CODATA Legal Interoperability Interest Group. Retrieved October 21, 2021 from

Ross, J. S. (2016). Clinical research data sharing: What an open science world means for researchers involved in evidence synthesis. Systematic Reviews, 5(1), 159.

Rowhani-Farid, A., Allen, M., & Barnett, A. G. (2017). What incentives increase datasharing in health and medical research? A systematic review. Research Integrity and Peer Review, 2(1), 4.

Sayogo, D. S., & Pardo, T. A. (2013). Exploring the determinants of scientific data sharing: understanding the motivation to publish research data. Government Information Quarterly, 30, S19-S31. doi:

Smith, R., & Roberts, I. (2016). Time for sharing data to become routine: The seven excuses for not doing so are all invalid. F1000Research, 5, 781

Takashima, K., Maru, Y., Mori, S., Mano, H., Noda, T., & Muto, K. (2018). Ethical concernson sharing genomic data including patients’ family members. BMC Medical Ethics, 19(1), 61.

Tenopir, C., Dalton E. D., Allard S., Frame M., Pjesivac I., Birch B., Pollock, D., & Dorsett, K. (2015). Changes in Data Sharing and Data Reuse Practices and Perceptions among Scientists Worldwide. PLoS ONE, 10(8), e0134826.

Tenopir, C., Rice, N. M., Allard, S, Baird, L, Borycz, J, Christian L, Grant, B., Olendorf, R., & Sandusky, R.J. (2020). Data sharing, management, use, and reuse: Practices and perceptions of scientists worldwide. PLoS ONE 15(3), e0229003.

Uzwyshyn, R. (2016). Research data repositories: the what, when, why, and how. Computers in Libraries, 36(3), 18-21.

Volk, C. J., Lucero, Y., & Barnas, K. (2014). Why is data sharing in collaborative natural resource efforts so hard and what can we do to improve it? Environmental management, 53(5), 883-93.

Watson, M. (2015). When will ‘open science’ become simply ‘science’? Genome Biology, 16(1), 101.

Wilkinson, M.D., Dumontier, M., Aalbersberg, Ij. J., Appleton, G., Axton, M., Baak, A., Blomberg, N., Boiten, J.-W., da Silva Santos, L.B., Bourne, P.E., Bouwman, J., Brookes, A.J., Clark, T., Crosas, M., Dillo, I., Dumon, O., Edmunds, S., Evelo, C. T., Finkers, R., & Mons, B. (2016). The FAIR Attitudes toward data sharing guiding principles for scientific data management and stewardship. Scientific Data, 3, 160018. Doi: 10.1038/sdata.2016.18

Zenk-Möltgen, W., Akdeniz, E., Katsanidou, A., Naßhoven, V., & Balaban, E. (2018). Factors influencing the data sharing behavior of researchers in sociology and political science. Journal of Documentation, 74(5), 1053-1073.

Zhu, Y. (2020). Open-access policy and data-sharing practice in UK academia. Journal of Information Science, 46(1),41–52.
How to Cite
Fiialka, S., Figol, N., Fisenko, T., Kasianchuk, V., Holovko, O., & Teremko, V. (2022). Sharing unreviewed research data: Problems and prospects. Amazonia Investiga, 11(55), 40-49.
Bookmark and Share