Tolerance and social inclusion as a condition for successful rehabilitation of persons with disabilities

Keywords: Rehabilitation, inclusion, children, disability, mental disorders, tolerance, social distance.

Abstract

The academic paper is devoted to studying the features of the attitude of teachers, parents, employers towards people from different social groups in need of social inclusion and rehabilitation. A survey of 120 people (40 primary school teachers, 40 parents of healthy children, 40 employees of the State Employment Service of Ukraine) was conducted on their attitude to people in need of social-psychological and social-labour rehabilitation. The survey was conducted in 2 stages. At the first stage, it has been found out whom exactly the respondents consider to be those who require social and psychological assistance and rehabilitation. In the second stage, a modification of the method of E. S. Bogardus has been applied in order to determine social distance. Teachers and parents believe that children with disabilities need rehabilitation, involvement in an inclusive school community and increased attention. Regarding the categories with other health disorders (ADHD and dysgraphia), the viewpoint of teachers is quite unanimous ‒ they know about these students and believe that they need above average teachers’ attention. However, while parents are aware of the presence of children with ADHD, they are almost unfamiliar with children with reading and writing disorders. Children with mental disorders, autism and ADHD have the greatest problems with integration into inclusive communities. They are ready to be perceived at the maximum social distance ‒ in a special school, in a boarding school, except sporadically on the playground. For employees of the employment service, the maximum social distance was for people with mental and psychological disorders. According to experts’ viewpoints, employers do not want to hire people with these disorders.

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Author Biographies

Kateryna Miliutina, Taras Shevchenko National University, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Doctor of Psychology, Professor of the Department of Developmental Psychology, Taras Shevchenko National University, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Olena Chuiko, Taras Shevchenko National University, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Doctor of Psychology, Professor of the Department of Social Rehabilitation and Social Pedagogy, Taras Shevchenko National University, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Viktoria Legka, Occupational Therapist at Alberta Health Services, Canada, Alberta, Canada.

Master of Science in Occupational Therapy, Occupational Therapist at Alberta Health Services, Canada, Alberta, Canada.

Valentyna Shkuro, Taras Shevchenko National University, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Candidate of Psychological Sciences, Assistant of the Department of Social Rehabilitation and Social Pedagogy, Taras Shevchenko National University, Kyiv, Ukraine.

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Published
2022-07-04
How to Cite
Miliutina, K., Chuiko, O., Legka, V., & Shkuro, V. (2022). Tolerance and social inclusion as a condition for successful rehabilitation of persons with disabilities. Amazonia Investiga, 11(53), 204-213. https://doi.org/10.34069/AI/2022.53.05.20
Section
Articles