Analysis of modern approaches to the application of 3D technologies in architecture and design
Relevance. The dynamic development of modern architecture and design implies continuous improvement of processes aimed at optimizing not only the design, but also the construction of various objects directly. Today, the most effective method of this optimization is the active use of advanced 3D technologies that allow you to bring visual, structural, engineering and technical solutions to a qualitatively new level. The purpose of the article is to analyze modern approaches to the application of 3D technologies in architecture and design. The objectives of the article are to analyze key trends, study the disadvantages and advantages of selected 3D printing technologies, as well as identify areas with high potential for implementing various types of architectural objects created on new-generation three-dimensional printers. Research methods include generalization, classification, systematization and analysis of the theory of formation of new architectural trends..Results. The article discusses various technologies and technical means, their advantages and disadvantages, as well as analyzes the key areas of application of 3D printers in the implementation of various architectural structures. Prospects for the development of highly efficient technology for the construction of buildings and structures are determined. The principles of operation of 3D printers are described. Conclusions. Three-dimensional printing technologies are used in global architectural practice for various functions of buildings, from public housing to restoration work, for modern and future architectural needs. Analysis of the international practice of creating architectural objects using 3D printers leads to the following conclusions: the technology of manufacturing buildings and structures has critical advantages, but also certain disadvantages. The prospects for further research are to conduct an empirical analysis of the use of 3D technologies in architecture and design.
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