Assessment and comparison of adaptation levels of foreign students at pre-university training programs
Successful adaptation of foreign students to higher education system and life in Russia is an actual objective of all pre-university training programs. The purpose of this study is to identify the level of academic, social and psychological, and personal adaptation of foreign students of the pre-master’s training program in comparison with the adaptation level of future foreign bachelors. In empirical research the authors analyzed responses of 92 foreign students of the pre-university training programs at Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University. The results show that the process of foreign pre-master’s students’ adaptation differs in its specificity. In accordance with the competency-based approach in modern education this fact is recommended to be considered when preparing programs of pre-master’s training of foreigners for admission to Russian universities.
Bilotserkovets, M., Fomenko, T., Gubina, O., Berestok, O., Shcherbyna, Y., & Krekoten, O. (2020) Multifaceted Problems of Intercultural Adaptation: A Case Study of Chinese Students in Ukraine. BRAIN. Broad Research in Artificial Intelligence and Neuroscience, 11(1), 178-188. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18662/brain/11.1/22
Blynova, O., Popovych, I., Semenova, N., Kashyrina, Y., Ursulenko, O., & Kononenko, O. (2020). Personality Factors of Choosing Adaptation Strategies in a Different Cultural Environment by Labor Migrants from Ukraine. Amazonia Investiga, 9(32), 45-54. https://doi.org/10.34069/AI/2020.32.08.5
Boke, B. N., Mills, D. J., Mettler, J., & Heath, N. L. (2019) Stress and Coping Patterns of University Students. Journal of college student development, 60, No. 1, 85–103. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1353/csd.2019.0005
Busurina, E. V. & Kuraleva, I. R. (2017) The professionally oriented listening in foundation program for international students. Pre-university stage of education in Russia and the world: language, adaptation, society, specialty, 1, 107–110. (in Russian). URL: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=32565861
Busurina, E. V. & Kuraleva, I. R. (2018) Early adaptation stage for foreign students: objectives and approaches. St. Petersburg State Polytechnical University Journal. Humanities and Social Sciences, 9(3), 107–115. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.18721/JHSS.9311 URL: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=37026287
Dolzhenko, Y. & Pozdnyakova, A. (2015) Online questionnaire survey as a modern and effective way of research. Transport business of Russia, 1, 109–110. (in Russian). URL: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=23660462
Fang, F., Zhang, S., & Elyas, T. (2020) Role of prior intercultural learning in Chinese University students' cross-cultural adaptation. Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 28(3), 1599–1619. URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/344378686_Role_of_Prior_Intercultural_Learning_in_Chinese_University_Students'_Cross-cultural_Adaptation
Feng, Y., Iriarte, F., & Valencia, J. (2020) Relationship Between Learning Styles, Learning Strategies and Academic Performance of Chinese Students Who Learn Spanish as a Foreign Language. Asia-Pacific Education Researcher, 29, 431–440. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40299-019-00496-8
Gorbenko, V. D., Dominova, T. N., Ilina, N. O., & Mityakova, M. V. (2020) The use of modular technology in the formation of the communicative competence of foreign students of the humanitarian profile in the educational and scientific sphere of communication at the stage of pre-university training. Perspectives of Science and Education, 47(5), 160–169. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32744/pse.2020.5.11 URL: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=44130097
Guzarova, N. I., Kashkan, G. V., & Shakhova, N. B. (2013) Analysis of the experience of foreign and Russian universities in the implementation of pre-master training for foreign citizens. Level-up training of specialists: state and international standards for engineering education. Tomsk: National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University, pp. 303 – 306. (in Russian). URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=20896484
Ignatyeva, N. N. (2017) Assessment of Adaptation Level of Foreign Students in Universities of Russia and Europe on the Example of Nizhny Novgorod State Engineering and Economic University. KANT, 4 (25), 50–54. (in Rusian). URL: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=30778117
Kazimova, D.A., Kipshakov, S.A., & Sharzadin, A.M. (2013) Competency building approach to the training of it-specialists in the information-educational environment. International Journal of Experimental Education, 7, 27–31 (in Russian). URL: https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=20218551
Keefe, J. W. (1987) Learning style theory and practice. Reston, VA: National Association of secondary School Principals, p. 4.
Kogan, O. S. & Galiullina, S. D. (2019) Socio-psychological aspects of the adaptation of foreign students in training in USPTU. Bulletin USPTU. Science, Education, Economy. Series Economy, 1 (27), 95–99. (in Russian). URL: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=37381901
Kostyushina, Y.I., Stroiteleva, N.N., Lobuteva, A.V., & Tikhonova, Y.A. (2020) Psychological and cultural adaptation of foreign students to the new educational environment. Opcion, 36, issue Special Edition, 26, 594–612.
Krasnoschekov, V. V. & Rud, V. Yu. (2015) Experience in the organization and training of foreign citizens in accordance with the program of pre-master at Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University. Bulletin Tula State University. Series Modern educational technologies in teaching natural sciences, 14, 26–29. (in Russian). URL: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=24895536
Krasnoshchekov, V. V., Rud, V. Yu., & Davydov, V. V (2018) Models of training of foreign students of pre-master study programs in engineering. Modern scientific technologies, 12, 214–219. (in Russian). URL: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=36810893
Kupchina, M. N. & Ragulskaya, G. V. (2018) Academic adaptation problems of Chinese learners in the system of pre-university training (as an example of premagistrates of economic specialties in the Institute of Russian Language and Culture of Lomonosov Moscow State University). Teaching natural sciences and humanities in Russian in a foreign language audience. Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov, Moscow, Russia, pp. 87–92. (in Russian). URL: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=37220365
Lai, M. & Lu, G. (2020) Adapting to a new learning environment: Mainland Chinese students studying in master’s degree programmes in Hong Kong’. London Review of Education, 18(2), 250–264. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14324/LRE.18.2.08
Litvinova, T., Andriutsa, N., & Movchun, V. (2021) Developing Students’ Intercultural Communicative Competence through Online Learning. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET), 16(08), 162–172. URL: https://online-journals.org/index.php/i-jet/article/view/18947
Lungu, V. & Silistraru, N. (2021) Conceptual Approaches of Prospective Pedagogy. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET), 16(18), 69–84. URL: https://online-journals.org/index.php/i-jet/article/view/25169
Mehar Singh, M. K. (2019) Lecturers’ views: Academic English language-related challenges among EFL international master students. Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education, 11(2), 295–309. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/JARHE-07-2018-0117
Novoselova, N., Bondareva, V., Semanina, A., Chistyakov, A., & Zetkina, A. (2020) Adaptation of foreign pre-graduate students in the university multicultural educational environment. Utopia y Praxis Latinoamericana, 25, issue Extra 5, 196–205. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3984232
Pidbutska, N. & Knysh, A. (2020) Error-Oriented Motivation of Turkish Students During their Adaptation to a Foreign University. New Educational Review, 60, 49–60. URL: https://tner.polsl.pl/e60/a4.pdf
Pugachev, I. A., Budiltseva, M. B., & Varlamova, I. Yu. (2018) Adaptation of foreign students to the conditions of life and education in Russia: а complex approach. RUDN Journal of Language Education and Translingual Practices, 15(2), 225–235. (in Russian). DOI: https://doi.org/10.22363/2312-8011-2018-15-2-225-235 URL: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=34977671
Qing, N. (2020) Psychological mechanism and law of audience acceptance in teaching of Chinese as a foreign language. Revista Argentina de clínica psicológica, XXIX, no. 1, 1210-1215. DOI: https://doi.org/10.24205/03276716.2020.173
Saliha, С. (2011) The competency-based approach in Higher Education. Revue Des Sciences Humaines, 22, 21-31.
Thomas, R. S. & Waugh, C. E. (2020) Effects of script-based communicative intervention on psychological and cultural adaptation in students abroad in second language contexts. Intercultural Education, 31(2), 244-259. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/14675986.2019.1702295
Vasilyeva, T. V. (2016) «Introduction to a post-graduate program» special course: learning content, aims, addressee, learning materials. International education and intercultural communication: problems, searches, solutions, Tomsk, pp. 21–26. (in Russian). URL: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=28429317
Yuanyang, W. (2018) Emotional intelligence and socio-psychological adaptation of foreign students in Russian universities (using the example of the Chinese students). Problems of modern education, 2, 65–71. URL: https://www.elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=32878331