The emotion concept of SHAME as one of the markers of social infantilism: Cross-cultural analysis based on language corpora data

Keywords: emotion concept, shame, infantilism, language corpus, linguo-culture.

Abstract

The article presents a cross-cultural analysis of those ethnocultural features of the emotion concept of SHAME in Ukrainian, Anglo-Saxon and German linguo-cultures, which directly correlate with some national characteristics of the representatives of these linguo-cultures. It deals with the role of shame in the generation of such a social phenomenon as infantilism, since the significant spread of this phenomenon in a particular linguo-society is the basis for determining infantilism as one of the features of the national character. A comparative study of the representative corpora data of Ukrainian, English and German has revealed that Ukrainians, although a European linguo-society, belong not to guilt culture, as the Anglo-Saxons and Germans, but to shame culture, because this emotion arises in them mostly in in-groups, transforming into shame, humiliation, pangs of conscience, but not guilt. This feature of Ukrainians’ psychological type brings them closer to Eastern cultures, correlating to the greatest extent with such a criterion of cultures distinctions as collectivism–individualism. The low rate of individualism in the Ukrainian linguo-society has led to the fact that Ukrainians tend to be less responsible for their actions than Anglo-Saxons or Germans, often shifting their responsibility to external factors. The unwillingness of a large number of individuals to take responsibility indicates a certain immaturity of the society as a whole. This gives grounds to claim that the concept СОРОМ is one of the markers of social infantilism of the Ukrainian people.

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Author Biographies

Kostiantyn Mizin, Hryhorii Skovoroda University in Pereiaslav, Ukraine.

DrSc. (Philology), Full Professor of Foreign Philology, Translation and Teaching Methodology Department of Hryhorii Skovoroda University in Pereiaslav, Ukraine.

Liudmyla Slavova, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine.

DrSc. (Philology), Professor of the Theory and Practice of Translation from English Department, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine.

Anna Lyashuk, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine.

PhD (Philology), Associate Professor, a doctorate student of the Theory and Practice of Translation from English Department, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine.

Viktoriia Hromovenko, International Humanitarian University, Ukraine.

PhD (Philology), Associate Professor of the Department of Foreign Languages for Professional Communication, International Humanitarian University, Ukraine.

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Published
2021-12-30
How to Cite
Mizin, K., Slavova, L., Lyashuk, A., & Hromovenko, V. (2021). The emotion concept of SHAME as one of the markers of social infantilism: Cross-cultural analysis based on language corpora data. Amazonia Investiga, 10(48), 97-106. https://doi.org/10.34069/AI/2021.48.12.11
Section
Articles