Methodology for failure analysis of complex technical systems and prevention of their consequences
The paper presents a study on the methodology of failures and their possible consequences analysis. Analysis of failures and their consequences is carried out for newly developed or modernized products and it is one of main activities in the reliability assurance system. The methodology is applied to the analysis of all designed systems, starting from the earliest stage of development, in order to evaluate the approach to development and compare the advantages of the design solution. The considered analysis of failures and their consequences of components is a part of the complex analysis of reliability of the whole product. Depending on the complexity of the design and the available data, a particular approach may be chosen for the analysis. In one case, it is a structural approach, in which a list of individual elements and their possible failures is compiled. In another case, it is the functional approach, which is based on the statement that each element must perform a number of functions that can be classified as solutions. The results provide a scheme for conducting the analysis and finding solutions to prevent them. The conclusions say that the level of detail determines the level at which failures are postulated.
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