Ways of improving tariff regulation efficiency
The system of tariff regulation in the Russian Federation has been experiencing improvements since the beginning of the transition period and up until today. The issues of tariff regulation are given particular attention to both in the Russian Federation and abroad. At the time, tariffs do not form subsequent to certain economic waves, but are in most cases described by an annual regulation cycle and a quite limited range of regulation with regard to the long-term horizon. The authors have analyzed average consumer prices (tariffs) for particular services along with producer price indices by types of economic activities and average annual producer prices for main energy resources in Russia over the last 20 years based upon the official statistical data. The authors conclude that it is necessary to introduce new ways of improving tariff regulation efficiency. Among the priority ways are the following: formation of an investment-worthy tariff and justification of the supporting tariff for crucial social projects; digital tariff modeling and etc. All these changes require methodological justification and further development of the variable supporting tariff theory in order to test new cyclic models of regulation matching the cyclic economy of the country.
Agafonov, D. V. & Kuznetsov, V. V. (2020). Specific features of introducing reference price formation to Russian water supply companies with regard to international practices of tariff regulation. Bulletin of the Moscow University named after S.Yu. Witte. Edition 1, Economics and management, 2(33), 64-72. https://vestnik-muiv.ru/article/osobennosti-vnedreniya-etalonnogo-tsenoobrazovaniya-v-otnoshenii-rossiyskikh-predpriyatiy-vodosnabzh/
Beilock, R., Garrod, P. & Miklius, W. (1986). Freight charge variations in truck transport markets: price discrimination or competitive pricing? American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 68(2), 226-236.
Bhattacharyya, S. C. (1996). Domestic energy pricing policies in developing countries: why are economic prescriptions shelved? Energy Sources, 18(8), 855-874.
Ciarreta, A., Paz, Espinosa, M., Pizarro-Irizar, C. (2017). Optimal regulation of renewable energy: A comparison of Feed-in Tariffs and Tradable Green Certificates in the Spanish electricity system. Energy Economics, 67, 387-399. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eneco.2017.08.028
Cornelis, M. (2020). Energy efficiency, the overlooked climate emergency solution. Economic policy, 15(2), 48-67.
Costa-Campi, M.T., & Trujillo-Baute, E. (2015). Retail price effects of feed-in tariff regulation. Energy Economics, 51, 157-165. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eneco.2015.06.002
Di Foggia, G., & Beccarello, M. (2020). The impact of a gain-sharing cost-reflective tariff on waste management cost under incentive regulation: The Italian case. Journal of environmental management, 265. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2020.110526
Di Vittorio, A. (1996). Identifying, measuring and responding to different market segments: price determination in air transport. Journal of Vacation Marketing, 2(4), 315-325.
Federal State Statistics Service. (2020). Bank of Ready-to-Use Documents. Russia in numbers - 2020. Retrieved from https://www.gks.ru/bgd/regl/b20_11/Main.htm (date of access: May 08, 2021).
Finmarket Information Agency. (2020). The increase in tariffs in 2021 for electricity for the population will be 5%, for gas - 3%, for railway transportation - 3.7%. Retrieved from http://www.finmarket.ru/news/5321110 (date of access: May 8, 2021).
Gudzhel, I. A. (2019). International practices of tariff regulation in the field of rail transportation. Bulletin of the Faculty of Management of the Saint Petersburg State University of Economics, 6, 33-37.
Kapitonov, I.A., & Patapas, A. (2021). Principles regulation of electricity tariffs for the integrated generation of traditional and alternative energy sources. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2021.111183
Knyazeva, I. V. & Svitych, N. Yu. (2015). System of indicators used to determine the efficiency of state regulation of natural monopolies and gas market. Siberian School of Finance, 6(113), 19-26.
Kuznetsov, V. A. (2019). Tariff regulation: in need of a standardized approach. In: I. V. Fedoseev (Ed.), Theory and practice of managing state functions and services. Tariff regulation. Collected papers in follow-up of the 2nd National Research and Practice Conference (pp. 111-115). St. Petersburg: St. Petersburg State University of Economics.
Lenyucheva, A. D. & Matyunina, Yu. V. (2020). Engagement of consumers into the energy demand management. In: I. G. Akhmetova, N. V. Rozhentsova, V. R. Ivanova (Ed.), Challenges and prospects in the development of electrical energy industry and electrical engineering. Proceedings of the 2nd National Research and Practice Conference, Vol. 1 (pp. 209-2014). Kazan: Kazan State Energy University.
Mukhanova, D. Yu. & Yolokhova, I. V. (2018). Estimation of efficiency of investment projects implemented by electricity distribution companies in electrical energy industry against the background of tariff regulation. Bulletin of the Perm National Research Polytechnic University. Social and economic sciences, 4, 183-196.
National Research University Higher School of Economics. (2020). Tariff policy in the Russian Federation in the industries of the communal sphere: priorities, problems, perspective. HSE report. Moscow: Higher School of Economics Publishing House.
Prokudin, G., Oliskevych, M., Chupaylenko, O. & Maidanik, K. (2020). Optimization model of freight transportation on the routes of international transport corridors. Journal of Sustainable Development of Transport and Logistics, 5(1), 66-76.
Ruckteschler, C., Malik, A., & Eibl, F. (2021). Politics of trade protection in an autocracy: Evidence from an EU tariff liberalization in Morocco. European Journal of Political Economy, 69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2021.102063
Sampaio, P.R.P., & Sampaio, R.S.R. (2020). The challenges of regulating water and sanitation tariffs under a three-level shared-authority federalism model: The case of Brazil. Utilities Policy, 64. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jup.2020.101049
Samper, M., Coria, G., & Facchini, M. (2021). Grid parity analysis of distributed PV generation considering tariff policies in Argentina. Energy Policy, 157. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2021.112519
Starostina, Yu. (2021). Russian economy is going through the gravest economic slump in 11 years. Economics: RosBiznesConsulting. Retrieved from https://www.rbc.ru/economics/01/02/2021/6017e1819a7947cb98f23f95 (date of access: May 08, 2021).
White, P. & Turner, R. (1991). Overall impacts of local bus deregulation in Britain. Transportation Planning and Technology, 15(2-4), 203-229.