Peculiarities of using information technologies through the prism of the principles of civil proceedings

Keywords: electronic proceedings, civil proceedings, «Electronic court», information technologies, principles of civil proceedings.

Abstract

The aim of the study is to reveal the features of the use of information technology in civil proceedings in terms of compliance with its basic principles, because the digitalization of judiciary through the implementation of modern IT technologies in Ukraine is one of the most effective ways to improve the level and quality of administration, of justice, fulfillment of its tasks. Fair, impartial and timely consideration and resolution of civil cases is impossible without adherence to its principles, which are key guidelines in the formation of procedural law.

The study was conducted using general and special methods of scientific knowledge: comparative, historical and legal, formal-logical, dialectical, system-structural.

After analyzing current and future legislation, doctrinal approaches, best practices of foreign countries, the authors revealed the benefits of implementing information technology in civil proceedings and their impact on the realization of such principles as: rule of law, equality of all participants before the law and court, publicity and openness of the trial, reasonable time for consideration of the case by court, adversarial parties.

On the basis of the conducted research generalizations and conclusions regarding the state and prospects of application of information technologies in civil proceedings through a prism of its principles are made.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Olena Marycheva, Lviv State University of Internal Affairs,  Lviv, Ukraine.

Postgraduate student of the Civil Law Disciplines Department, Institute of Law, Lviv State University of Internal Affairs,  Lviv, Ukraine.

Vitalii Kucher, Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Lviv, Ukraine.

Candidate of Law, Associate Professor, Head of the Theory of Law, Constitutional and Private Law Department, Institute of Specialist Training for National Police Units, Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Lviv, Ukraine.

Tetyana Kurylo, Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Lviv, Ukraine.

Candidate of Law, Associate Professor, Professor of the Theory of Law, Constitutional and Private Law Department, Institute of Specialist Training for National Police Units, Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Lviv, Ukraine.

Roman Demkiv, Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Lviv, Ukraine.

Candidate of Law, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Theory of Law, Constitutional and Private Law Department, Institute of Specialist Training for National Police Units, Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Lviv, Ukraine.

Nataliia Grabar, Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Lviv, Ukraine.

Candidate of Law, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Civil Law Disciplines Department, Institute of Law,  Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Lviv, Ukraine.

References

Case of Stafford v. the United Kingdom Application no. 46295/99. Judgment of the European Court of Human Rights Strasbourg, France. May 28, 2002. Recovered from https://hudoc.echr.coe.int/eng#{%22dmdocnumber%22:[%22698363%22],%22itemid%22:[%22001-60486%22]}

Chucha, S.Iu. (2014). Implementation of the principle of openness of justice in the activities of the arbitral tribunal. Bulletin of Omsk University. Law Series, 2 (23), 114-117. Recovered from https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/realizatsiya-printsipa-otkrytosti-pravosudiya-v-deyatelnosti-arbitrazhnogo-suda-omskoy-oblasti-pravovye-problemy-i-perspektivy/viewer

Council of Europe (1950). Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms Recovered from https://www.coe.int/en/web/conventions/full-list?module=treaty-detail&treatynum=005

Council of Europe (2008). Report of the Committee of Ministers CM(2008)170, November 27, 2008. Strasbourg, France. Recovered from https://www.coe.int/t/dc/files/Ministerial_Conferences/2009_justice/CM%20170_en.pdf

Council of Europe (2011). Conclusion № 14 Conclusion of the Advisory Council of European Judges «Judiciary and Information Technology».. Strasbourg, November 9, 2011. Recovered from https://rm.coe.int/168074816b

Decision № 9-рп/2012, 2012. Constitutional Court of Ukraine. Base of legislation of the Supreme Council of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine, April 12, 2012. Recovered from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/v009p710-12#Text

Frank, J. B. (2021). Digitization of litigation in the judiciary. Rödl & Partner. March 24, 2021 Recovered from https://www.roedl.de/themen/rechtsberatung/digitalisierung-prozessfuehrung-gerichte-streitbeilegung-geschwindigkeit-vertraulichkeit

Hyliaka, O.S. (October, 2020). Some aspects of the functioning of e-justice in Ukraine. Current challenges and current problems of judicial reform in Ukraine. Kyiv: VAITE Publishing House. Recovered from https://law.chnu.edu.ua/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/Zbirnyk-16.10.20.pdf

Khanyk-Pospolitak, R. (2017). Introduction of e-justice in civil proceedings of Ukraine. Law of Ukraine, 8, 122-129. Recovered from https://rd.ua/storage/lessons/38/75412.%D0%A5%D0%B0%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%BA-%D0%9F%D0%BE%D1%81%D0%BF%D0%BE%D0%BB%D1%96%D1%82%D0%B0%D0%BA%20%D0%A0.-122-129.pdf

Komarov, V.V. & Sakara, N.Iu. (2007). The right to a fair trial in civil proceedings. Kharkiv: National Academy of Law of the University of Ukraine. Recovered from https://dspace.nlu.edu.ua/bitstream/123456789/247/1/004.htm

Komarov, V.V. (2012). Civil procedural legislation in the dynamics of development and practice of the Supreme Court of Ukraine. Kharkiv: Pravo. Recovered from http://library.nlu.edu.ua/POLN_TEXT/MONOGRAFII_2012/Komarov_Dinamici_2012.pdf

Law No 1402-VIII, 2016. Оn the Judiciary and the Status of Judges. Base of legislation of the Supreme Council of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine, June 2, 2016. Recovered from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1402-19#Text

Law No 1618-IV, 2004. Civil Procedure Code of Ukraine. Base of legislation of the Supreme Council of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine, March, 18, 2004. Recovered from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1618-15#Text

Law No 2155-VIII, 2017. Оn electronic trust services. Base of legislation of the Supreme Council of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine, October 5, 2017. Recovered from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2155-19?lang=en#Text

Maikut, Kh., Andrusiv, U., Yurkevych, Y., Dutko, A., & Zaiats, O. (2020). Protection of the right to property in the case law of the European court of human rights. Revista Amazonia Investiga, 9(28), 497-507. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.34069/AI/2020.28.04.54

Sakara, N.Iu. (2006). The problem of access to justice in civil cases. (Extended abstract of Candidate’s thesis of Law). National University «Yaroslav the Wise Law Academy of Ukraine». Kharkiv. Recovered from http://www.irbis-nbuv.gov.ua/cgi-bin/irbis_low/cgiirbis_64.exe?C21COM=2&I21DBN=ARD&P21DBN=ARD&Z21ID=&Image_file_name=DOC/2006/06snypcs.zip&IMAGE_FILE_DOWNLOAD=1

Samborska, O. (2013). The service of receiving procedural documents from the court in electronic form, as well as SMS-summonses is gradually gaining popularity among the participants in the process. Law and Business, 35. Recovered from https://zib.com.ua/ua/print/50012-kerivnik_proektu_elektronniy_sud_osamborska.html

Statute of the Council of Europe (1949). Council of Europe. May 05, 1949. London, United Kingdom. Recovered from https://rm.coe.int/1680935bd0

The Constitution of Ukraine No 254k / 96, 1996. Base of legislation of the Supreme Council of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine. June 28, 1996. Recovered from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/254%D0%BA/96-%D0%B2%D1%80#Text

Uhrynovska, O. (2017). Electronic document management in the civil process of Ukraine. Bulletin of Lviv University, 64, 144-150. Recovered from https://law.lnu.edu.ua/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/Final-1.pdf

United Nations (2012). Declaration of the High-level Meeting of the General Assembly on the Rule of Law at the National and International Levels UN.org. Recovered from https://www.un.org/ruleoflaw/blog/document/declaration-of-the-high-level-meeting-of-the-67th-session-of-the-general-assembly-on-the-rule-of-law-at-the-national-and-international-levels/
Published
2021-09-29
How to Cite
Marycheva, O., Kucher, V., Kurylo, T., Demkiv, R., & Grabar, N. (2021). Peculiarities of using information technologies through the prism of the principles of civil proceedings. Amazonia Investiga, 10(44), 220-229. https://doi.org/10.34069/AI/2021.44.08.21
Section
Articles