Realization and restriction of constitutional rights in vaccination against Covid-19

Keywords: constitutional rights, pandemic, COVID-19, vaccination, immunization, vaccine.

Abstract

The democratic community has faced a challenge regarding the existence or absence of a legal basis for the introduction of compulsory vaccination. The scholars asked the question: Is compulsory vaccination against COVID-19 a violation of personal non-property human rights or the implementation by the state of its duty to ensure the sanitary and epidemiological well-being of the entire population and protect society from a deadly disease? Methodology of work: logical-semantic, historical, analytical, extrapolation, comparative legal methods, methods of comparison and generalization, analysis, and synthesis. Results of the study: the assessment of the historical and international experience in the implementation of vaccination was carried out; the negative and positive aspects of mass vaccination were considered; the legal regulation of vaccination was studied; the legal framework in this area was compared; the judicial practice regarding legal relations that arise during vaccination was analyzed. The conclusion is made regarding priority in the context of the increasing spread of COVID-19, the observance of which rights is key during the mandatory mass vaccination (the right to a high-quality, highly effective vaccine, the right to choose a vaccine, equal availability of a vaccine, the right to receive compensation in case of negative consequences after vaccination, etc.).

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Author Biographies

Oleksandr Harahonych, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Doctor of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Economic Law and Economic Process, Institute of Law, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Vasyl Homonay, State Higher Educational Institution "Uzhgorod National University", Ukraine.

Doctor of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Constitutional Law and Comparative Law of the State Higher Educational Institution "Uzhgorod National University", Ukraine.

Zoia Kuznietsova, Department of Constitutional Law and Justice of the I. I. Mechnikov Odessa National University.

Ph. D., Associate Professor of the Department of Constitutional Law and Justice of the I. I. Mechnikov Odessa National University, Ukraine.

Olena Khrapenko, National University «Odesa Law Academy», Ukraine.

Ph. D., Associate Professor of the Department of Judiciary, Law Enforcement Authorities and Advocacy National University «Odesa Law Academy», Ukraine.

Arkadii Nazarko, National University "Odesa Law Academy", Ukraine.

Ph. D., Associate Professor of Constitutional Law Department of National University "Odesa Law Academy", Ukraine.

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Published
2021-09-29
How to Cite
Harahonych, O., Homonay, V., Kuznietsova, Z., Khrapenko, O., & Nazarko, A. (2021). Realization and restriction of constitutional rights in vaccination against Covid-19. Amazonia Investiga, 10(44), 178-187. https://doi.org/10.34069/AI/2021.44.08.17
Section
Articles