Semantic and motivational characteristics of enmity vocabulary: the relevance of structural motivation

Keywords: internet communication, motivational relation, motivology, nominal derivation, semantics of enmity.


The object of the research includes the actual designations of the subject with the semantics of enmity, formed with the active foreign language word-formation components, functioning in Russian-language online media and Internet communication in 2000-2020. The approaches used include system-centric and text-centric, semasiological and onomasiological approaches, motivational, definitional, functional-semantic and contextual analysis. It analyses the syntagmatics, semantics, word's inner form, type of motivation, motivational form and meaning, motivational and classification features, lexical and structural motivators, ways of discursive actualising the motivational relations of the studied words. It is shown that selected lexical units with the component –phobe, -phrenic, - saur, -down, -hater, -oid, -oholik, -path, -man, -(e)rast belong to the vocabulary of enmity depending on their significative or pragmatic component, implement a negative assessment of intellectual, psychological, moral qualities of the subject. The actual vectors of developing the nominal vocabulary of enmity in the Russian language are determined by integration, intensification, internationalization, intensification. The relevant word-forming tendencies in the studied group of nouns are highlighted – the frequency of word composition, non-usual ways of word formation, nominations by analogy, the increasing role of onyms, the activity of word-forming components with a negative rating. It is demonstrated that motivational relations  of lexemes are discursively implemented through the actualization of lexical and structural motivation, the paradigmatic value of lexemes, the subjective modality that the addressee uses, his/her individual motivation of words.


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Author Biography

L.N. Rebrina, Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B. N. Yeltsin, Russia.

Doctor of Philology, Professor of the Department of German and Roman Philology, Volgograd State University, Russia; Leading research scientist of the Department of Mass Communication Languages, Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B. N. Yeltsin, Russia.


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How to Cite
Rebrina, L. (2021). Semantic and motivational characteristics of enmity vocabulary: the relevance of structural motivation. Amazonia Investiga, 10(44), 149-159.