New challenges in the problem of combating human trafficking in Ukraine

Keywords: crime, legal regulation, forced donation, human trafficking, reproductive programs, surrogacy.

Abstract

The article presents the author’s results of theoretical and empirical analyzes of challenges in combating human trafficking in Ukraine. Theoretical analysis showed that human trafficking is an interdisciplinary problem and is represented by a number of studies by scientists in various scientific fields in the domestic and foreign scientific space. It has been established that currently there is no research on new challenges in combating human trafficking in Ukraine. Empirical analysis of new challenges in combating trafficking in human beings in Ukraine was carried out through the implementation of a polygon study and interpretation of the results. The obtained data outline new challenges in the problem of combating human trafficking in Ukraine, such as: use for selfish purposes, forced donation, trade in biological/genetic material, reproductive programs/surrogacy. The results suggest that the new challenges in combating human trafficking in Ukraine are a real platform for transnational crime. It was stated that such circumstances require strengthening of international cooperation in combating transnational human trafficking, legal regulation and improving the domestic legal framework with systematic and full informing of Ukrainian people about consequences and new challenges in combating human trafficking.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Larysa Danylchuk, Khmelnytsky National University, Khmelnitsky, Ukraine.

Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor, Professor of Social Work and Pedagogics Department, Khmelnytsky National University, Khmelnitsky, Ukraine.

Danylo Yosyfovych, Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Lviv, Ukraine.

Candidate of Law, Associate Professor, Deputy Dissertator of the Institute for Training Specialists for National Police Units, Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Lviv, Ukraine.

Yaroslav Kohut, Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Lviv, Ukraine.

Candidate of Juridical Sciences, Associate Professor, Head of Department of Social and Humanitarian Training, Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Lviv, Ukraine.

Yuliia Todortseva, Odessa Polytechnic State University, Odessa, Ukraine.

Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor of Psychology and Social Work Department, Odessa Polytechnic State University, Odessa, Ukraine.

Petro Kozyra, Lviv state university of internal affairs, Lviv, Ukraine.

Candidate of Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor of Practical Psychology Department, Institute of Management, Psychology and Security, Lviv state university of internal affairs, Lviv, Ukraine.

References

Ahtyrska, N. M., Yudenko, T. M., & Lavrovska, I. B. (2006). Trafficking in human beings in Ukraine: as evidenced by case law. Kyiv: TOV “Company VAITE”, 324 p. Retrieved from https://www.osce.org/files/f/documents/5/f/75882.pdf

Arbeláez-Campillo, D. F., Rojas-Bahamón, M. J., & Arbeláez-Encarnación, T. F. (2018). Notes for the debate of the categories universal citizenship, human rights and globalization. Cuestiones Políticas, 34(61), 139-161.

Danylchuk, L.О. (2018). Theory and methods of social prevention of human trafficking by means of information and communication technologies (doctoral thesis). Khmelnytskyi National University, Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatiuk National Pedagogical University, Ukraine, 561 p. Retrieved from http://tnpu.edu.ua/naukova-robota/docaments-download/d-58-053-03/Dis_Danylchuk.pdf

Dzhezhyk, O.V. (2021). Trafficking in women as a psychological, social and legal problem of society: preconditions and consequences. Habitus, vol (21), pp. 250-256. Retrieved from http://habitus.od.ua/journals/2021/21-2021/46.pdf

European Commission (2012). Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. The EU Strategy towards the Eradication of Trafficking in Human Beings 2012–2016. Brussels, June 19. Recovered from https://op.europa.eu/en/publication-detail/-/publication/bc46b856-40bd-4999-8ea8-05d8365006c1/language-en

Faryma, М.М. (2021). Investigation of child trafficking or other illegal agreement on a child (extended abstract of candidate’s thesis). National Academy of International Affairs. Kyiv, 268 p. Retrieved from http://elar.naiau.kiev.ua/jspui/bitstream/123456789/18801/1/Дис_Фарима_ост%20.pdf

Hodge, D.R. (2008). Sexual trafficking in the United States: A domestic problem with transnational dimensions. Social Work, 53(2), 143-152.

Hopper, E.K. (2017). Polyvictimization and developmental trauma adaptations in sex trafficked youth. Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma, 10(2), 161-173.

Horbasenko, P.V. (2013). General provisions of the methodology for investigating trafficking in human beings (extended abstract of candidate’s thesis). Open International University of Human Development “Ukraine”, Kyiv, 24 p. Retrieved from https://dspace.nlu.edu.ua/bitstream/123456789/14132/1/Gorbasenko_2013.pdf

International Labour Organization (ILO). (2008). ILO Action Against Trafficking in Human Beings. Retrieved from http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/@ed_norm/@declaration/documents/
publication/wcms_090356.pdf

Kidane, W. (2011). Understanding human trafficking and its victims. Seattle Journal for Social Justice, 9(2), 537-548.

Kovalchuk, L.H. (2010). Socio-pedagogical conditions for the prevention of child trafficking (candidate’s thesis). Instytut problem vykhovannia NAPN Ukrainy, Кyiv, 258 p.

Kravchenko, K.S. (2020). Investigation of trafficking in human beings for the purpose of labor exploitation (doctoral thesis). Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, 290 p. Retrieved from http://scc.univ.kiev.ua/upload/iblock/5f0/dis_Kravchenko%20K..pdf

Kuts, V.M., & Orlean, A.M. (2007). Prosecutorial means of counteracting human trafficking. Кyiv: Varta, 168 p.

Law No. 1433-IV “On Ratification of the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and the Protocols thereto”. (Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, and the Protocol against the Illicit Import of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air). Statements of Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine, February 4, 2004, № 19. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1433-15#Text

Law No. 2539-VIII “On Amendments to Article 149 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine on Alignment with International Standards”. Statements of Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine, September 6, 2018. № 41. Recovered from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2539-19#Text

Law No. 3739-VI “On Combating Trafficking in Human Beings”. Statements of Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine, April 13, 2012, No. 19-20. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/3739-17#Text

Lesko, N.V. (2019). Administrative and legal support for the formation and implementation of state policy in the field of protection of children from violence and other illegal actions (doctoral thesis). Lviv Polytechnic National University, Lviv, 489 p. Retrieved from https://lpnu.ua/sites/default/files/2020/dissertation/1696/
dysertaciyanazdobuttyanaukovogostupenyadoktorayurydychnyhnaukleskonataliyivolodymyrivny.pdf

Levchenko, K.B., & Trubavina, I.M. (Eds.). (2007). Social prevention of human trafficking: tutorial (second edition). Kyiv: LLC Agency “Ukraine”, 352 p.

Lukach, N.M. (2016). Conceptual principles and institutional mechanisms for counteracting the global problem of human trafficking (extended abstract of candidate’s thesis). Yuriy Fedkovych Chernivtsi National University, Chernivtsi, 22 p. Retrieved from http://www.chnu.edu.ua/res/chnu/chnu_news/25.01.2016/aref_LUKACH.pdf

Lyzohub, Ya.H. (2003). Criminal liability for trafficking in human beings or other illegal transfer agreement: comparative and legal research. (Extended abstract of candidates’s thesis). Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, 15 p. Retrieved from http://dspace.univd.edu.ua/xmlui/bitstream/handle/123456789/5143/aref_Lyzohub_2003.pdf?sequence=1&isAllowed=y

McClain, N. M., & Garrity, S. E. (2011). Sex trafficking and the exploitation of adolescents. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing, 40(2), 243-252.

Mruchkovska, E., Pakhomiuk, N., & Kocherha, O. (2017). Combating human trafficking in Ukraine: a training manual for special courses. Levkivskyi, К. and others (Ed.). Kyiv: WAITE, 88 p. Retrieved from https://ippo.kubg.edu.ua/wp-content/uploads/2017/11/Posibnyk-CTHB-final.pdf

Panigabutra-Roberts, A. (2012). Human trafficking in the United States. Part I. State of the knowledge. Behavioral & Social Sciences Librarian, 31(3), 138-151.

Pashchenko, M.O. (2020). The role of general and individual legal regulation in ensuring natural human rights (doctoral thesis). Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, 256 p. Retrieved from http://scc.univ.kiev.ua/upload/iblock/138/dis_Pashchenko%20M.O..pdf

Pidhorodynskyi, V.M. (2005). Liability for trafficking in human beings under criminal law (candidate’s thesis). National University “Odesa Law Academy”, Odesa, 20 p. Retrieved from http://dspace.onua.edu.ua/handle/11300/1419?locale-attribute=uk

Punda, A.V. (2013). The main causes and preconditions of human trafficking in Ukraine. Public administration: improvement and development, Num. 12. Retrieved from http://www.dy.nayka.com.ua/?op=1&z=668

Punda, A.V. (2014). Women trafficking as a problem of our time. Economy and state, 3, pp. 125-127. Retrieved from http://www.economy.in.ua/pdf/3_2014/31.pdf

Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 29 “On the National Coordinator on Combating Trafficking Human Beings”. Kyiv, Ukraine, January 18, 2012. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/29-2012-п#Text

Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 303 “On Approval of the Regulations on the Establishment and Operation of the Unified State Register of Crimes of Trafficking in Human Beings”. Kyiv, Ukraine, April 18, 2012. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/303-2012-п#Text

Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 417. “On Approval of the Procedure for Establishing the Status of a Person Who Has Suffered from Human Trafficking”. Kyiv, Ukraine, May 23, 2012. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/417-2012-п#Text

Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 783. “On Approval of the Procedure for Interaction of Entities Carrying Out Measures in the Field of Combating Trafficking in Human Beings”. Kyiv, Ukraine, August 22, 2012. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/783-2012-п#Text

Shcherbakovska, K.O. (2012). Forensic characteristics of methods of child trafficking and their traces. Law and security. No. 14, pp. 205-208.

Shinkaruk, V.M., & Khaydarzoda, Z.P. (2016). Сriminal and legal characteristics of human trafficking and organizational bases of activity of state bodies in its prevention. Science Journal of VolSU. Jurisprudence, Vol. 15. No. 4 (33), 188-192. Retrieved from https://j.jvolsu.com/index.php/en/component/attachments/download/1528

Sviatun, O.V. (2005) European mechanisms to combat human trafficking (extended abstract of candidate’s thesis). Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, 18 p.

Turok, V.V. (2016). Social and economic consequences and mechanisms of counteraction to human trafficking (extended abstract of candidate’s thesis). Ptoukha Institute for Demography and Social Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 24 p.

UNODC (2009). Combating Trafficking in Persons: A Handbook for Parliamentarians. Information and reference materials. Retrieved from https://www.unodc.org/documents/middleeastandnorthafrica/human_trafficking_indicators/
Handbook_for_Parliamentarians_tafficking_in_persons_English_.pdf

Yakushko, O. (2009). Human trafficking: A review for mental health professionals. International Journal for the Advancement of Counselling, 31(3), 158-167. Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1090&context=edpsychpapers

Zhukovska, H.H. (2017). Interaction between authorities and the public in combating human trafficking (extended abstract of candidate’s thesis). National Academy For Public Administration under The President Of Ukraine, Kyiv, 22 p. Retrieved from http://academy.gov.ua/pages/dop/137/files/2f00db17-8247-4d9c-8d5e-e173246169ce.pdf
Published
2021-09-29
How to Cite
Danylchuk, L., Yosyfovych, D., Kohut, Y., Todortseva, Y., & Kozyra, P. (2021). New challenges in the problem of combating human trafficking in Ukraine. Amazonia Investiga, 10(44), 28-37. https://doi.org/10.34069/AI/2021.44.08.3
Section
Articles