The impact of institutional factors on social entrepreneurship activities: an empirical evidence from Pakistan

Keywords: Social enterprise, entrepreneurship, institutional economics, Institutional theory.


Social entrepreneurship has soon recognized as important factor in socio-economic development. So far little research has been done in the context of developing young countries like Pakistan. This study investigate how institutional factors affect social entrepreneurial activities in Pakistan.  Data from GEM were used for analysis. Due to the binary nature of the dependent variables, we used logistic regression models to test the hypothesis using the ReLogit estimation technique. This study generates key important results. The findings indicated that informal institutional factors influence more the likelihood of being social entrepreneur than formal institutional factors. The empirical findings provide useful information for government policies on promoting social entrepreneurship.


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Author Biographies

Fakhr E Alam Afridi, Islamia College Peshawar, Pakistan.

Ph.D. Scholar, Islamia College Peshawar, Pakistan.

Shahid Jan, Islamia College Peshawar, Pakistan.

Associate Professor, Islamia College Peshawar, Pakistan.

Bushra Ayaz, Islamia College Peshawar, Pakistan.

Ph.D. Scholar, Islamia College Peshawar, Pakistan.

Muhammad Irfan, Islamia College Peshawar, Pakistan.

Ph.D. Scholar, Islamia College Peshawar, Pakistan.

Qasim Khan, Islamia College Peshawar, Pakistan.

Ph.D. Scholar, Islamia College Peshawar, Pakistan.


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How to Cite
Afridi, F. E. A., Jan, S., Ayaz, B., Irfan, M., & Khan, Q. (2021). The impact of institutional factors on social entrepreneurship activities: an empirical evidence from Pakistan. Amazonia Investiga, 10(43), 41-48.