Local self-government in public and private law: latest experience

Keywords: local self-government, private law, public law, cooperation, interconnection, opposites.

Abstract

Local self-government is one of the major institutions of civil society. Most democracies in the world have a developed system of local self-government, to which a number of state functions are delegated. To characterize this institution and clarify its inherent features of private and public law, it is necessary to study modern systems of local self-government and theoretical achievements in the field of private and public law. The work aims to analyze local self-government given the features inherent in public and private law. The object of research is local self-government in public and private law. The following methods were used during the study: analysis of regulations, articles and monographs, comparisons, abstractions, analogies, and generalizations. The study of the question of the attribution of local self-government as a subject of law to private and public law revealed a number of features that are characteristic of both public and private law. Based on the analysis of the scientific literature, the main characteristics of the system of local self-government in the world are determined, in particular, on the example of such countries as the USA, Great Britain, France, and Japan. Based on the theoretical achievements of legal scholars on private and public law, it was possible to identify their differences, basic features and, on this basis, to conclude that local government is characterized by features of both private and public law.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Boris Perezhniak, National Academy of Sciences of Higher Education of Ukraine, Ukraine. 

Doctor of Legal Science, Professor of Constitutional Law Department of National University "Odesa Law Academy", Honored Lawyer of Ukraine, Academician of the National Academy of Sciences of Higher Education of Ukraine, Ukraine. 

Alina Hryshchuk, Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Ukraine.

Ph. D., Associate Professor of the Department of Administrative and Legal Disciplines of the Institute of Law of Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Ukraine.

Iryna Menso, Odesa National Maritime University, Ukraine.

Ph. D., Senior Lecturer of Civil and Labor Law Department, Odesa National Maritime University, Ukraine.

Kristina Strukova, Lawyer, Ukraine.

Ph. D., Lawyer, Ukraine.

Arkadii Nazarko, National University "Odesa Law Academy", Ukraine.

Ph. D., Associate Professor of Constitutional Law Department of National University "Odesa Law Academy", Ukraine.

References

Aranovskyi, K.V. (2000). State law of foreign countries. Moscow: Forum-Info. ISBN 5-8199-0009-X.

Baglaya, M.V., Leibo, Yu.I., & Entina, L.M. (Eds.). (2008). Constitutional law of foreign countries. Moscow: Norma.

Baltsiy, Yu. Yu. (2020). On the definition of local self-government of Ukraine. Odessa: Helvetica. https://hdl.handle.net/11300/12930

Banchuk, O. (2011). Grounds for distinguishing between public and private law in Ukraine. Public law, 2, 118-120.

Biryukova, A.G. (2018). The ratio of private and public law: a dualistic aspect. Law and Society, 4, 76-80.

Chaplya, O.V. (2014). Municipal administration in the USA: an overview. Legal Scientific Electronic Journal, 4, 12-18. Recovered from http://www.lsej.org.ua/4_2016/9.pdf.

Chepis, O.I. (2010). The value of private and public interests for the formation of civil law. Scientific Bulletin of Uzhgorod University, 13, 261-265.

Chirkiv, A., & Kushnir, V. (2020). Features of local self-government in France. Entrepreneurship, Economy and Law, 5, 176-180

Council of Europe. (1985). European Charter of Local Self-Government. Recovered from https://www.coe.int/en/web/conventions/full-list/-/conventions/treaty/122

Droniv, B.M. (2018). The interaction of private and public law: modern continental European theory and practice. Kharkiv: Pravo. Recovered from https://pravo-izdat.com.ua/image/data/Files/613/3_Vzaemovpliv%
20privatnogo%20i%20publichnogo%20prava_vnutri.pdf

Grotius, G. (1994). On the law of war and peace. Three books explaining the natural law and the law of peoples, as well as the principles of public law. Moscow: Ladomir. Recovered from http://grachev62.narod.ru/huig_de_groot/content.html

Karpa, M. (2017). Limits of competence of subjects of public service: features of definition // Public administration and local self-government, 2, 109-116. Recovered from http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/dums_2017_2_16

Kharytonova, O.I. (2002). Division of law into public and private: theoretical aspects. Bulletin of the Khmelnytsky Institute of Regional Management and Law, 1, 3-6. Recovered from http://old.univer.km.ua/visnyk/38.pdf

Kuzmenko, O.V. (2014). Administrative law of foreign countries. Kyiv: Yurinkom Inter. ISBN 978-966-667-718-4

Law No. 66, Local Government Act. Great Britain, November 8, 1974. Recovered from https://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1974/7/contents

Law No. 67, Local Autonomy Act. Japan, April 17, 1947. Recovered from https://hourei.ndl.go.jp/#/detail?billId=009212024

Law No. 82-213, on the rights and freedoms of municipalities, departments and regions. France, Paris of March 2, 1982. Recovered from http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=JORFTEXT000000880039

Lisnychy, V.V. (2004). Political and administrative systems of foreign countries. Kyiv: Professional Publishing House.

Mamutov, V. (1999). On the question of the concept of private law. Bulletin of the Academy of Legal Sciences of Ukraine, 2, 15-25.

Muromtsev, S.A. (2003). Civil law of Ancient Rome. Moscow: Statut, 2003. Recovered from http://lawlibrary.ru/izdanie50009.html

Nesterenko, A.S. (2016). Public and private law as a basis of legal centralization and decentralization in financial law. Scientific herald of the International Humanities University: Jurisprudence, 19, 40-42. Recovered from http://www.vestnik-pravo.mgu.od.ua/archive/juspradenc19/12.pdf

Rabinovych, P.M. (2004). Private and public law as a dialectical unity. Problems of state formation and protection of human rights in Ukraine. Lviv: Ivan Franko National University of Lviv.

Radbruch, G. (1915). Introduction to the science of law. Moscow: Trud.

Rovinska, K.I. (2013). Principles of the European Charter of Local Self-Government as a Basis for the Formation of Local Self-Government in Ukraine. State building, 1, 1-14. Recovered from http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/DeBu_2013_1_31

Sanzharuk, T.O. (2006). Subjects of law in the field of private law. Actual problems of state and law, 1, 54-57. Recovered from http://www.apdp.in.ua/v29/11.pdf

Shabunina, V.V. (2006). The division of law into public and private in Roman law. Republican Interdepartmental Scientific Collection, 77, 14-21. Recovered from http://library.nlu.edu.ua/POLN_TEXT/PROBLEM/Pr_zak77.htm

Shpak, Y.O. (2014a). Organization of local self-government of Japan. State building and local self-government, 27, 227-236. Recovered from http://irbis-nbuv.gov.ua/cgi-bin/irbis_nbuv/cgiirbis_64.exe?C21COM=2&I21DBN=UJRN&P21DBN=UJRN&IMAGE_
FILE_DOWNLOAD=1&Image_file_name=PDF/dbms_2014_27_20.pdf

Shpak, Y.O. (2014b). The experience of reforming local self-government in Great Britain. Scientific Bulletin of the International Humanities University: Jurisprudence, 10(1), 82-84. Recovered from http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/Nvmgu_jur_2014_10-1%281%29__24

Skakun, O.F. (2001). Theory of State and Law. Kharkiv: Konsum.

The Constitution of Japan. Art. 92. November 3, 1947 (Japan). Recovered from http://www.sangiin.go.jp/eng/law/tcoj/index.htm

The Council of European Municipalities and Regions (CEMR). (2021). The official website. Recovered from http://www.ccre.org

Trevett, J., & Gagarin, M. (Transl.). (2011). Demosthenes, Speeches 1-17. Ostin: University of Texas Press. Recovered from http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.7560/726772.

United Cities and Local Governments (UCLG). (2021). The official website. Recovered from https://www.uclg.org/en/organisation/about

United Cities and Local Governments. (2013). Basic Services for All in an Urbanizing World, Third Global Report of United Cities and Local Governments on Local Democracy and Decentralization, GOLD III Executive Summary. Barcelona: ITD. Recovered from https://www.uclg.org/sites/default/files/re_gold_eng.pdf

United Nations. (2015). Sustainable Development Goals 2016-2030. Recovered from https://ukraine.un.org/uk/sdgs

Vorona, P.V. (2008). features of local self-government of France on the example of regional administrative-territorial units – departments: experience for Ukraine. State building, 2, 1-5. Recovered from https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/300236453.pdf

Vorona, P.V. (2009). Commune as a basic link of local government in France. Academic papers collection, 3, 1-8. Recovered from http://lvivacademy.com/vidavnitstvo_1/visnik3/fail/+Vorona.pdf
Published
2021-06-29
How to Cite
Perezhniak, B., Hryshchuk, A., Menso, I., Strukova, K., & Nazarko, A. (2021). Local self-government in public and private law: latest experience. Amazonia Investiga, 10(41), 211-223. https://doi.org/10.34069/AI/2021.41.05.21
Section
Articles