Human rights violations and genocide: Lessons of Rwanda

Keywords: genocide in Rwanda, human rights violations, the nature of the crime of genocide, international crime, prevention and counteraction to the crime of genocide.


The purpose of the article is a comprehensive analysis of the Rwandan genocide through the prism of human rights violations. To achieve this goal, such methods as historical-legal, comparative, formal-dogmatic, logical-semantic and analysis were used. The article argues that the acts of genocide clearly provide for the guilty intent and use of a state mechanism that has all the required human and material resources to implement such a plan. This feature is one of the key in terms of revealing the essence of genocide, so it can differentiate these actions from the general murder under criminal law and shows, depending on the object of distribution - life, health of a certain group of people - and motives - national, ethnic , racial or religious intolerance, hostility - its increased social danger. It is concluded that the inclusion of such a feature as one of the basic to the universal definition is urgent. This will allow to more fully implement the principle of inevitability of punishment for all perpetrators, to recognize the state as a subject of responsibility and thus will contribute to a more effective implementation of the preventive function in the international arena. The combined efforts of all nations and peoples are needed to fight, combat and prevent the crime of genocide. The positive results would be achieved only by joint efforts by using a set of various means of combating genocide.


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Author Biographies

Oksana Voloshchuk, National University "Odessa Law Academy", Ukraine.

PhD in Law, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of International and Customs Law, Chernivtsi Institute of Law of National University "Odessa Law Academy", Ukraine.

Victoriia Kolesnyk, National University "Odessa Law Academy", Ukraine.

PhD in Law, Chernivtsi Institute of Law of National University "Odessa Law Academy", Ukraine.

Maxim Hetmantsev, National Academy of Legal Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine.

PhD in Law, Associate Professor, Private Law and Entrepreneurship named after Academician FG Burchak of the National Academy of Legal Sciences of Ukraine, Ukraine.


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How to Cite
Voloshchuk, O., Kolesnyk, V., & Hetmantsev, M. (2021). Human rights violations and genocide: Lessons of Rwanda. Amazonia Investiga, 10(40), 123-131.