Growth of Citrus Fruits in Pakistan
Agriculture is a chief source of economic development and workforce of Pakistan as it contributes 18.5 percent to GDP (Gross Domestic Product), provides 37.4 percent to employment. A well-performing agriculture sector is a key to economic growth but over the decade its performance had been diminutive in Pakistan. Low yield of citrus fruits that is the challenge facing developing countries including Pakistan. The current article identifies information and issues with citrus fruits growth in Pakistan. For the year 2018 area under citrus fruits was 200461 hectares with a production of 2247956 tonnes and yield 112139 hg/hectare in Pakistan. Pakistani farmers are cultivating sweet oranges more than other varieties of citrus fruits. With respect to bordering countries the average yield of Pakistan is more than Afghanistan and less than Iran, China and India. Main constraints to less productivity are: high cost of production, price-instability, and lack of capital, professionalism, technology & infrastructure. Pets and diseases also causes to less yield. Pakistan can earn foreign exchange more by export of juices rather than export of fresh citrus fruits.
Ahmad, B., Ghafoor, A. & Badar, H. (2005). “Forecasting and growth trends of production and export of kinnow from Pakistan”. Journal of Agriculture & Social Science, 1, 20–24.
Ahmad, S., Naveed, M. S., & Ghafoor, A. (2004). “Role of micro finance in alleviating rural poverty: A case study of Khushhali Bank Program in Rahim Yar Khan [Pakistan]”. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology (Pakistan).
Alam, M., Ullah, R., Mirza, A. I., Saleem, W., Elahi, M., & Sultan, H. (2014). “Impact of Microcredit Scheme on Socio-economic Status of Farmers (A case study of PRSP in District Gujranwala)”. South Asian Studies, 29(1), 161.
Ayaz, S., & Hussain, Z. (2011). “Impact of Institutional Credit on Production Efficiency of Farming Sector (A case study of District Faisalabad)”. Pakistan Economic and Social Review, 149–162.
Chaudhry, N. A., Maken, M. N., & Ahmad, M. S. (2004, April). “Native home historical background importance of citrus fruit in Pakistan”. In Proc. Int. Conf Citric (pp. 28-30).
FAOSTAT. (2015) http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data
Haleem, U., Mushtaq, K., Abbas, A., Sheikh, A. D., & Farooq, U. (2005). “Estimation of Export Supply Function for Citrus Fruit in Pakistan [with Comments]”. The Pakistan Development Review, 659-672.
Iqbal, M., Ahmad, M., Abbas, K., & Mustafa, K. (2003). “The Impact of Institutional Credit on Agricultural Production in Pakistan”. The Pakistan Development Review, 469–485.
Johnson, G. (2006, July). “Pakistan citrus industry challenges: Opportunities for Australia-Pakistan collaboration in research, development and extension”. In Pakistan: Citrus Industry Survey and Workshops.
Mehdi, M., Ashfaq, M., Hassan, S., & Abid, M. (2019). “Effect of marketing channel choice on the profitability of citrus farmers: evidence form Punjab-Pakistan”. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 56(4).
Rapisarda, P., Calabretta, M. L., Romano, G., & Intrigliolo, F. (2005). “Nitrogen metabolism components as a tool to discriminate between organic and conventional citrus fruits”. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry, 53(7), 2664-2669.
Sharif, M., Akmal, N., & Taj, S. (2009). “Financial Viability for Investing in Citrus Cultivation in Punjab, Pakistan”. Journal of Agricultural Research (Pakistan) 47(1).
Sharif, M., Farooq, U., and Malik, W. (2005). "Citrus Marketing in Punjab." The Pakistan Development Review, 2005. pp 673-694.
Taqarort, N., Echairi, A., Chaussod, R., Nouaim, R., Boubaker, H., Benaoumar, A. A., & Boudyach, E. (2008). “Screening and identification of epiphytic yeasts with potential for biological control of green mold of citrus fruits”. World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, 24(12), 3031-3038.
Usman, M., Ashraf, I., Chaudhary, K. M., & Talib, U. (2018). “Factors impeding citrus supply chain in Central Punjab, Pakistan”. International Journal of Agricultural Extension, 6(1), 01-05.