The Influence of Social Factors on Business Performance: A Study of Middle Level Managers of Textile-Based Organizations
The study has its focus on influence of social factors on business performance with mediating role of creativity skill of middle level managers, because enterprise does not compete itself without creativity and innovative skill. Therefore, social factors have important influence on individuals’ behavior and leave positive and negative effects on creativity of middle managers and performance of enterprise. To examine the aforementioned aims study used primary data and 120 respondents were interviewed through a self structured questionnaire and question statements are derived from past literature and developed hypothesis to check the association between independent variables (strict control, encouragement, professional attitude, interaction with top managers and colleagues) and dependent variable (creativity skill). The analysis was performed by using descriptive and inferential statistics through SPSS (20). The results of the study showed positive relationship between independent and dependent variables. The current study recommended that valuable tactics in challenging tasks, deliberating ownership of managerial skills can produce creativity in positive ways. It is also suggested that creativity can be attained and polish through providing learning environment.
Albert, R. S. (1996). Some reasons why childhood creativity often fails to make it past puberty into the real world. In M. A. Runco (Ed.), New directions for child development, No. 72. Creativity from childhood through adulthood: The developmental issues (p.43-56). Jossey-Bass.
Amabile, T. M. (1997). Motivating Creativity in Organizations: On Doing What You Love and Loving What You Do. California Management Review, 40(1), 39-58. doi:10.2307/41165921
Amabile, T.M. (1988). A model of creativity and innovation in organizations. Research in Organizational Behavior, 10, 123-167.
Azeem, M., Hayat, A., Sajjad, H. M., & Ali, M. (2019). The Effect of Motivation on Employee Creativity: Evidence from NGO Sector in Southern Punjab, Pakistan. The international journal of business & management 7(2), 161-166. DOI: 10.24940/theijbm/2019/v7/i2/BM1902-021
Baldauf, A., Cravens, D. W., & Piercy, N. F. (2005). Sales management control research-Synthesis and an agenda for future research. Journal of Personal Selling & Sales Management, 25, 7-26.
Banumathi, M., and Samudhararajakumar, C. (2015). The Role of Middle Level Managers and Corporate Entrepreneurship. International journal of arts humanities and management studies 1(9), 21-26.
Botella, M., & Lubart, T. (2019). From dynamic processes to a dynamic creative process Dynamic Perspectives on Creativity (pp. 261-278): Springer.
Cheng, C., Cao, L., Zhong, H., He, Y., & Qian, J. (2019). The Influence of Leader Encouragement of Creativityon Innovation Speed: Findings from SEM and fsQCA. Sustainability 2019, 11(9), 2693. doi:10.3390/su11092693
Davis, G. A. (1982). A model for teaching for creative development. Roeper Review, 5(2), 27-29.
Dunegan, K.J., Tierney, P., & Duchon, D. (1992). Perceptions of an innovative climate: Examining the role of divisionala_liation, work group interaction, and leader/subordinate exchange. IEEE Trans. Eng. Manag, 39(3). 227-236.
Gehani, R. R. (2011). Individual Creativity and the Influence of Mindful Leaders on Enterprise Innovation. Journal of technology management & innovation, 6(3), 83-92
George (2001). The creativity and aging study. Washington university.
Hair, Jr, J. F., Hult, G. T. M., Ringle, C., & Sarstedt, M. (2016). A primer on partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM): Sage Publications.
Hauff, S., Alewell, D., & Hansen, N. K. (2014). HRM systems between control and commitment: Occurrence, characteristics and effects on HRM outcomes and firm performance. Human Resource Management Journal, 24, 424-441.
Kang, S. & Snell, S.A. (2009). ‘Intellectual capital architectures and ambidextrous learning: a framework for human resource management’. Journal of Management Studies, 46(1), 65-92.
Kremer, H., Villamor, I., & Aguinis, H. (2019). Innovation leadership: Best-practice recommendations for promoting employee creativity, voice, and knowledge sharing. Business Horizons, 62(1), 65-74.
Malmi, T. & Brown, D. A., (2008). Management control systems as a package - Opportunities, challenges and research directions. Management accounting research, Vol. 19(2008), 287- 300
Mayer, R. C., & Gavin, M. (2005). Trust in management and performance: Who minds the shop while the employees watch the boss? Academy of Management Journal, 48, 874-888.
Prabhu, V., Sutton, C., & Sausar, W. (2008). Creativity and Certain Personality Traits: Understanding the Mediating Effect of Intrinsic Motivation. Creativity research journal, 20(1), 53-66. DOI: 10.1080/10400410701841955
Rimm, S. (1985). Identifying Underachievement: The Characteristics Approach. G/C/T, 8(6), 2-5. DOI:10.1177/107621758500800601.
Rubenstein, L. D., Ridgley, L. M., Callan, G., and Karami, S. (2018). How teachers perceive factors that influence creativity development: Applying a Social Cognitive Theory perspective. Teaching and teacher education, 70. 100-110
Seeck, H., & Diehl, M.R. (2017). A literature review on HRM and innovation–taking stock and future directions. International journal of human resource management 28(6), 913-944. DOI 10.1080/09585192.2016.1143862
Sitkin, S. B., Cardinal, L. B., & Bijlsma-Frankema, K. (2010). Control in organizations: New directions in theory and research. Cambridge UK: Cambridge University Press.
Shin, S., & Zhou, J. (2003). Transformational leadership, conservation, and creativity: Evidence from Korea. Academy of management journal, 48, 703-714
Van der Kolk, B., van Veen-Dirks. P. M. G., & ter Bogt, H. J. (2018). The Impact of Management Control on Employee Motivation and Performance in the Public Sector. European Accounting Review, 2018.
Verburg, R. M., Nienaber, M.A., Searle, R. H., Weibel, A., Den Hartog, D. N, Deborah E. and Rupp, D. E. (2017). The Role of Organizational Control Systems in Employees’ Organizational Trust and Performance Outcomes. Group & Organization Management, 1-28. https://doi.org/10.1177/1059601117725191
Wheelihan, K. J. (2011). Creativity for Success. The Creativity Institute. Dicapai dari: http://EzineArticles.com/
William, S. D. (2004). Personality, attitude, and leader influences on divergent thinking and creativity in organizations. European Journal of Innovation Management, 7(3), 187-204. DOI 10.1108/14601060410549883
Woodman, R. W., Sawyer, J. E., & Griffin, R. W. (1993). Toward a theory of organizational creativity. Academy of management review, 18, 293-321.
Woodman, R. W., & Schoenfeldt, L. F. (1989). Individual differences in creativity. In J. A. Glover, R. R. Ronning, & C. R. Reynolds (Eds.), Handbook of creativity (pp. 77-91). New York: Basic Books.
Wooldridge, B., and Floyd, S., W. (1990). The strategy process, middle management involvement, and organizational performance. Strategic management journal, 11(3), 231-241.