Personality Factors of Choosing Adaptation Strategies in a Different Cultural Environment by Labor Migrants from Ukraine

Keywords: intolerance, affiliation, motivation, communication, anxiety.

Abstract

The paper presents empirical research on personality factors of choosing adaptation strategies in a different cultural environment by labor migrants. The study determines three major adaptation strategies: integration, assimilation and marginalization. It establishes that integration and assimilation are means of solving the crisis of social identity. Personal identity acquires features of mature positive identity, when labor migrants integrate into a different cultural environment of a country of their employment. If a migrant chooses the strategy of assimilation, then personal identity has a tendency to approach to diffusive, “fuzzy” identity with indefinite life cycles, a decreased level of self-respect, a lack of internal integrity and uniformity. A marginal status of labor migrants in a country of employment causes an intensification of the crisis of personal identity, when migrants are not satisfied with the situation of employment abroad, but they do not see opportunities for self-realization in Ukraine. Factor analysis made it possible to establish an adaptation structure of labor migrants consisting of five major factors (72.43%).

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Author Biographies

Olena Blynova, Kherson State University, Kherson, Ukraine.

Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Full Professor of Department of General and Social Psychology, Kherson State University, Kherson, Ukraine.

Ihor Popovych, Kherson State University, Kherson, Ukraine.

Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Full Professor of Department of General and Social Psychology, Kherson State University, Kherson, Ukraine.

Nataliia Semenova, Eastern European National University named after Lesia Ukrainka, Lutsk, Ukraine

Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Associate Professor of Department of Pedagogy, Eastern European National University named after Lesia Ukrainka, Lutsk, Ukraine

Yevheniia Kashyrina, Volodymyr Dahl East Ukrainian National University, Severodonetsk, Ukraine.

Candidate of Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor of Department Social Psychology and Social Work, Volodymyr Dahl East Ukrainian National University, Severodonetsk, Ukraine.

Olena Ursulenko, State University, Kherson, Ukraine.

Graduate student, Department of General and Social Psychology Kherson State University, Kherson, Ukraine.

Oksana Kononenko, Odessa I. I. Mechnikov National University, Odessa, Ukraine.

Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Professor of Department Differential and Special Psychology, Odessa I. I. Mechnikov National University, Odessa, Ukraine.

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Published
2020-09-08
How to Cite
Blynova, O., Popovych, I., Semenova, N., Kashyrina, Y., Ursulenko, O., & Kononenko, O. (2020). Personality Factors of Choosing Adaptation Strategies in a Different Cultural Environment by Labor Migrants from Ukraine. Amazonia Investiga, 9(32), 45-54. https://doi.org/10.34069/AI/2020.32.08.5
Section
Articles