Nepotism, favoritism and cronyism as a source of conflict of interest: corruption or not?
The purpose of the article is to analyze the concepts of “nepotism”, “favoritism” and “cronyism” as the forms of conflict of interest, as well as to identify the relationship between the dissemination of these phenomena in the context of conflict of interest and the determinants of the latter. Methodology. Taking into account the purpose of the article, the links between the corruption and nepotism, cronyism, favoritism as forms of conflict of interest have been defined based on the method of a systematic analysis. The logical method, as well as comparative and legal method helped to analyze the concepts of “nepotism”, “сronуіsm”, “favoritism” and “clientelism”. The method of induction and deduction enabled to distinguish the key features of favoritism, cronyism, and nepotism. The method of hermeneutics allowed to interpret the above concepts through the prism of the features of corruption. The system and structural method made it possible to make a logical connection between the conflict of interest and the manifestation of favoritism, nepotism and cronyism. The legal modeling method was helpful in drawing conclusions of the research. The results of the study. The pros and cons of using family ties and friendly relations, depending on the scope of nepotism, favoritism and cronyism have been identified as a result of a study. The connection between these phenomena and the spread of conflicts of interest in the public service has been examined. Practical implications. An attempt to identify favoritism, nepotism and cronyism as the form of conflict of interest has been made, as well as some recommendations to amend the relevant legal acts have been provided. Value / originality. For the first time, the authors examined the possibility of having positive results from using nepotism, cronyism and favoritism in forming business environment.
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