The principles of criminal law in the aspect of protection of constitutional rights of citizens

  • Olena Oliinyk Department of Criminal Law and Procedure of National  Economic  University named after Vadym Hetman, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4947-9687
  • Vasyl Farynyk Department of Criminal Procedure of the National Academy of Internal Affairs, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6000-6226
  • Andrii Vozniuk Scientific Laboratory on Problems Counteracting of Crime of the National Academy of Internal Affairs, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3352-5626
  • Olena Volobuieva Department of Criminal Law Disciplines and Forensic Science of the Faculty no. 1 of Donetsk Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8601-4344
  • Oksana Beryslavska Department of legal enforcement of The Military Institute of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8785-6623
Keywords: criminal law protection of confidentiality of correspondence, communications, computer, confidential information of personal nature, IMEI, MAC address, IP address.

Abstract

Description. The purpose of the article is to identify the subject of crimes related to the violation of confidentiality of telephone conversations transmitted by means of communication or through a computer, to qualify the criminal activity properly and to distinguish them from other crimes and misdemeanors. The purpose of the article also covers the issues of the principles of criminal law, which can solve the problems of formulating certain rules of the law on criminal liability, designed to protect the constitutional rights and freedoms of an individual. Methodology. In the course of the study general and special methods of the legal science were used: comparative and legal method; formal and dogmatic method; dialectical method; statistical method. The results of the study made it possible to identify the areas for improving the principles of criminal law for breach of confidentiality of correspondence, telephone, telegraph or other kinds of correspondence transmitted by means of communication or through the computer, and the areas of international cooperation in this area. Practical implications. According to the results of the research, some proposals were made for a more precise formulation of the characteristics of the object as well as the elements of the objective element of the crime under consideration. Value / originality. Based on the authors’ approach to identifying the subject matter of a crime, which involves liability for violation of confidentiality of correspondence, telephone conversations, telegraph or other correspondence transmitted by means of communication or through a computer, it was determined what features of the subject matter of the crime in question should be recorded in laws and what principles of criminal law can solve the task set by the study.

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Author Biographies

Olena Oliinyk, Department of Criminal Law and Procedure of National  Economic  University named after Vadym Hetman, Ukraine

PhD in Law, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Department of Criminal Law and Procedure of National  Economic  University named after Vadym Hetman, Ukraine

Vasyl Farynyk, Department of Criminal Procedure of the National Academy of Internal Affairs, Ukraine

Doctor of Law, Professor of the Department of Criminal Procedure of the National Academy of Internal Affairs, Ukraine

Andrii Vozniuk, Scientific Laboratory on Problems Counteracting of Crime of the National Academy of Internal Affairs, Ukraine

Doctor of Law, Associate Professor, Head of the Scientific Laboratory on Problems Counteracting of Crime of the National Academy of Internal Affairs, Ukraine

Olena Volobuieva, Department of Criminal Law Disciplines and Forensic Science of the Faculty no. 1 of Donetsk Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, Ukraine

PhD in Law, Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Criminal Law Disciplines and Forensic Science of the Faculty no. 1 of Donetsk Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, Ukraine

Oksana Beryslavska, Department of legal enforcement of The Military Institute of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine

PhD in Law, Associate Professor of the Department of legal enforcement of The Military Institute of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine

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Published
2020-03-21
How to Cite
Oliinyk, O., Farynyk, V., Vozniuk, A., Volobuieva, O., & Beryslavska, O. (2020). The principles of criminal law in the aspect of protection of constitutional rights of citizens. Amazonia Investiga, 9(27), 445-459. https://doi.org/10.34069/AI/2020.27.03.49
Section
Articles