On the demarcation of philosophical and juridical legal metatheory
The article deals with the methodological structuring of legal knowledge. It is common practice to specify two types of legal methodology: philosophical and judicial, yet the author demonstrates how new paradigmal parameters of legal metatheory manifest themselves. According to this metatheory, alternative concepts may be of the same order in a metatheoretical sense. The comparison of theoretical and metatheoretical levels of legal knowledge in the framework of three philosophical-scientific paradigms (comparative method) allows philosophy of law to answer the questions: what is law and why there exist multiple variants of legal consciousness. Authors demonstrate why the theme of competition between naturalistic and culture-centered research programs is secondary for legal metatheory and primary for judicial metatheory. The article offers criteria for unambiguous legal consciousness at the theoretical level of legal knowledge and identifies ultimate and reasonable grounds of legal consciousness. The paper concludes that special subdivisions of legal science, legal philosophy represents the paradigmal background of thinking, in the boundaries of which further interpretation schemes of theoretical and empirical levels of knowledge are made possible.
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