Influence of paratypical factors on the productive longevity and lifelong productivity of Holstein cows of the Dutch selection of different generations
The duration of the economic use of cows is determined by a number of genotypic and paratypic factors. Without assessing the impact of these factors, it is difficult to succeed in improving this trait. The purpose of the research is to determine the influence of paratypical factors on the productive longevity and lifelong productivity of the Holstein black-and-white cows of the Dutch breeding of two generations. The study was carried out at Priozernoye OJSC of the Tyumen Region. The object of the study was cows of the Holstein black-and-white breed imported from Holland (zero generation) and their descendants of the first reproduction (first generation), who left the herd for seven years. The cows of the generations under study were divided into groups depending on the degree of paratypic factors: the age of the first calving, milk yield for 305 days of the first lactation and the average duration of the service period. The research results have shown that the zero-generation cows calving before the age of 24 months exceeded the peers calving at an older age (27-34 months) by 249-459 days (p<0.05-0.01) and 3,403-7,631 kg (p<0.05-0.01), respectively. A similar relationship between the characteristics was also observed among the cows of the first generation. A comprehensive analysis of the influence of paratypic factors on the studied traits has shown that the longest productive life and lifetime milk yield were characteristic of Holstein cows of the Dutch breeding of both generations, calving at the age of not later than 24-27 months, with a milk yield of 6,000-7,000 kg of milk in the first lactation and the duration of the service period of not more than 200-260 days.
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