A study of the characteristics of food import dependence of the countries
The causes of import dependence in different countries are studied in the article. It is shown that food import dependence is in one degree or another inherent in many countries, including the developed ones, which are food products exporters at the same time. It is revealed that the import dependence of countries with high and low GDP per capita, the value added level in agriculture and the availability of land resources differ significantly. Based on the results obtained, it is concluded that countries with a high level of GDP per capita, a high added value level in agriculture and high availability of agricultural land resources are import-dependent, as a rule, for certain groups of food products. Countries with low GDP per capita, a low value-added level in agriculture and low availability of agricultural land resources import all or many of the staples.
Erokhin, V.L. (2018). Trade in Agricultural Products between China and the EAEU Countries and Issues of Ensuring Food Security. Marketing and Logistics, 4(18), 14-32.
FAO. (2017). The Future of Food and Agriculture – Trends and Challenges. Rome.
FAO. (n.d.). FAOSTAT. Data. Retrieved November 29, 2019, from http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data
Faridi, M.F., & Sulphey, M.M. (2019). Food Security as a Prelude to Sustainability: A Case Study in the Agricultural Sector, Its Impacts on the Al Kharj Community in The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues, 6(3), 1336 1345. https://doi.org/10.9770/ jssi.2019. 6.3(34)
Jaworska, M. (2018). Food Imports and Food Security of Main Global Market Players. In Proceedings of the 2018 International Scientific Conference “Economic Sciences for Agribusiness and Rural Economy”, Warsaw, 7-8 June 2018 (Vol. 2, pp. 245-251). https://doi.org/10.22630/ESARE.2018.2.32
Kołodziejczak, M. (2018). Food Self-Sufficiency in EU Countries: An Attempted Projection to 2080. In Agrarian Perspectives XXVII. Food Safety – Food Security. Proceedings of the 27th International Scientific Conference, September 19-20, 2018, Prague, Czech Republic. Retrieved November 29, 2019, from https://www.researchgate.net/publication/328860153_Food_self-sufficiency_in_EU_countries_an_attempted_projection_to_2080
Kotyza, P., & Slaboch, J. (2014). Food Self Sufficiency in Selected Crops in the Czech Republic and Poland. Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, 62, 1329-1341. https://doi.org/10.11118/actaun201462061329
Kuzmin, E.A. (2015). Food Security Modelling. Biosciences Biotechnology Research Asia, 12 (Spl. Edn. 2), 773-778. https://doi.org/10.13005/bbra/2095
Kuzmin, E.A. (2016). Sustainable Food Security: Floating Balance of Markets. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, 6(1), 37-44.
Lebedeva, I.P. (2007). Japan: Industry and Entrepreneurship: (Second Half of 20th – Beginning of the 21st Century). Moscow: Institute of Oriental Studies, Russian Academy of Sciences. (p. 221).
Litau, E. (2018). Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth: A Look from the Perspective of Cognitive Economics. In ACM International Conference Proceeding Series (pp. 143-147). https://doi.org/10.1145/3271972.3271978
Markarian, S.B. (2017). Import Substitution in the Agricultural Sector of Japan. Japanese Studies, 1, 46-59. doi:10.24411/2500-2872-2017-00004
Muchetu, Rangarirai. (2019). Food self-sufficiency and Food Sovereignty: Examining the Fallacy of the “Change in Taste and Preferences Mantra” in the Evolution of the Japanese Rice System. https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.2.24274.81602
Nagyová, L., Holiencinová, M., Rovnỳ, P., Dobák, D., & Bilan, Y. (2016). Food Security Drivers: Economic Sustainability of Primary Agricultural Production in the Slovak Republic. Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues, 6(2), 259-274. https://doi.org/10.9770/jssi.2016.6.2(6)
Pereira, P.A.A., Martha, C.B., Santana, C., & Alves, E. (2012). The Development of Brazilian Agriculture: Future Technological Challenges and Opportunities. Agriculture and Food Security, 4. https://doi.org/10.1186/2048-7010-1-4
Peterson, E. (2016). Food and Agricultural Trade and National Sovereignty. In Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Ethics (pp. 1-8). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-007-6167-4_422-3
Porkka, M., Kummu, M., Siebert, S., & Varis, O. (2013). From Food Insufficiency towards Trade Dependency: A Historical Analysis of Global Food Availability. PLoS ONE, 8(12), e82714. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0082714
Porkka, M., Guillaume, J.H.A., Siebert, S., Schaphoff, S., & Kummu, M. (2017). The Use of Food Imports to Overcome Local Limits to Growth. Earth’s Future, 5, 393-407. https://doi.org/10.1002/2016EF000477
Serrano, R., & Pinilla, V. (2014). New Directions of Trade for the Agri-Food Industry: A Disaggregated Approach for Different Income Countries, 1963-2000. Latin American Economic Review, 23(10). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40503-014-0010-6
Shevchuk, I., Khvyshchun, N., Shubalyi, O., & Shubala, I. (2016). Main Trends of Regional Policy Ensuring Food Security in Developed Countries. Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues, 6(1), 125-135. https://doi.org/10.9770/jssi.2016.6.1(9)
Shuval-Sergeeva, N.S., Blatova, T.A., & Makarov, V.V. (2017). Introduction of Information and Communication Technologies in Organizations: From Optimization of Structure to Improved Competitive Ability. Radio Industry, 2, 101-106. https://doi.org/10.21778/2413-9599-2017-2-101-106
Singapore – Agricultural Sectors. (2019). Retrieved November 29, 2019, from https://www.export.gov/article?id=Singapore-Agricultural-Sectors
Smirnov, R.O. (2017). Issues of Commercialization of Innovative Technologies in the Russian Federation in the Field of Entrepreneurial Activities. Radio Industry, 3, 110-112. https://doi.org/10.21778/2413-9599-2017-3-110-112
Svetlanská, T., Turceková, N., Adamičková, I., & Skalský, R. (2017). Food Security Facets: Case of Slovakia Regions. Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues, 7(2), 311-320. https://doi.org/10.9770/jssi.2017.7.2(11)
Thome, K., Smith, M.D., Daugherty, K., Rada, N., Christensen, C., & Meade, B. (2019, August). International Food Security Assessment, 2019-2029, GFA-30. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
Tireuov, K., Mizanbekova, S., Kalykova, B., & Nurmanbekova, G. (2018). Towards Food Security and Sustainable Development through Enhancing Efficiency of Grain Industry. Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues, 6(1), 446-455. http://doi.org/10.9770/jesi.2018.6.1(27)
Tortajada, C., Kumar, T., & Paramasilvam, O. (2015). Singapore's Impressive Food Security. How Has Singapore Become the Second-Most Food Secure Country in the World? Retrieved November 29, 2019, from https://thediplomat.com/2015/09/singapores-impressive-food-security/
United States Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service. (2019). U.S. Trade Surplus Smallest since 2007. Retrieved November 29, 2019, from https://www.ers.usda.gov/data-products/ag-and-food-statistics-charting-the-essentials/agricultural-trade/
Wegren, S., & Elvestad, C. (2018). Russia’s Food Self-Sufficiency and Food Security: An Assessment. Post-Communist Economies, 30(5). https://doi.org/10.1080/14631377.2018.1470854
Woldemichael, A., Salami, A., Mukasa, A., Simpasa, A., & Shimeles, A. (2014). Transforming Africa's Agriculture through Agro-Industrialization. Brazilian Journal of Political Economy, 34(1), 120-138.