Compensation for damage caused to the life and health of participants in the armed conflict in Ukraine
The article is dedicated to the study of the specifics of compensation for damage caused to the life and health of participants in the armed conflict in Ukraine. It is mentioned in the article, that damage caused to the health consists of the earnings (income) lost by the victim as a result of loss or decrease in professional or general working capacity (lost profit), as well as additional losses incurred due to damage to health (real damage). The conclusion is made, that the term “lost earnings” can be applied only to military personnel serving on the military draft, since for them the earnings that a citizen had before being drafted for military service will be taken as the basis. Property losses caused to military personnel under the contract are calculated on the basis of his or her cash benefits and other income (not related to the performance of military duties). Therefore, when compensating for damage caused to the health of military personnel under a contract, the term “lost cash benefits” should be used. The lost cash benefits shall include allowances for long service, for knowledge of a foreign language, for an academic degree or academic title, pension, for work with information constituting a state secret, since they have permanent nature. In addition, when determining the amount of damage caused to military personnel, payments made during the year are taken into account, in particular, bonuses for conscientious performance of official duties and income from teaching, scientific and creative activities.
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