Effect of training on ethical values in the report of errors among nurses in hospitals affiliated with the University of Medical Sciences of Alborz
Values provide basis for the ethical dimensions of clinical practice and the behavior of nurses. One of the ways to manage errors in the nursing is reporting errors and recording them. Moreover, weakness in ethical factors is one of the factors involved in non- reporting the nursing errors. Hence, the current research was conducted to evaluate the effect of ethical values training on error reporting from the viewpoint of nurses. This research is a quasi-experimental study, in which 70 nurses were assigned into intervention and control groups non-randomly using purposeful sampling methods. The data were collected using demographic questionnaire and researcher-developed error reporting from nurses' viewpoint questionnaire. It was completed first by the intervention and control subjects. Then, the researcher-developed questionnaire was re-completed by both intervention and control subjects after holding ethical values training program in three 60- minute sessions for the intervention group. Data were analyzed using SPSS20 software and descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney, Covariance, T-test, Chi-square and Fisher tests. The research results revealed that the mean and standard deviation of the variables of the error reporting from the viewpoint nurses increased from 1.90 ±0.47 in the pre-test stage to 2.87 ± 0.43 out of mean score of 2 in the post-test stage in the intervention group. The mean scores of change in viewpoint of nurses was reduced in the second stage compared to that in first stage in the control group, while this reduction was not significant (P = 0.002). The research results suggest the positive effect of ethical values training on the error reporting from the viewpoint of nurses. Thus, it is recommended that training courses on ethical values to be held to change the viewpoint of nurses in order to increase the error reporting and improve the safety of patients.
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