Influence of cluster integration on innovation activity: evidence of Russian regions
The article studies regional integration and its innovative forms as well as the formation of innovative environment as an important condition for strengthening the competitive advantages of economy.
The importance of the article is stipulated by the need for conditions necessary to ensure progressive scientific, technological and socio-economic development of the regions in modern economic, political, technological, social and other trends. This situation becomes evident in the asymmetry of economic development of the territories as a result of inter-corporate interaction intensity and different types of business activity in them.
The purpose of this research is to identify the impact of cluster integration on the volume of innovative products, works and services. We solved following tasks: review results of the researchs dealing with interrelation of integration level and innovative activity at the regional level; ranking of regions in Privolzhsky Federal district of Russia according to the degree of integration and the volume of innovative production, works, and services; assessment of interrelation of cluster integration level and indicators of innovative processes. On the basis of evaluation of innovation activity, we divided the regions into the following groups: innovative-advanced, innovative-developed and innovative-developing.
The authors’ hypothesis is based on the rationale for the development of mutually beneficial partnership in the regional economic systems, which in turn contributes to the stimulation of innovative processes in the sectoral and territorial directions. The formation and development of innovation clusters can determine the further vector of progressive innovative development of Russia as a whole.
The study was based on the methodology of cluster analysis and methods of empirical research.
The results of the research in the field of innovative processes can become a practical basis for the development and implementation of innovative development programs in the regions of Russia.
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