Organization of vehicle traffic based on environmental monitoring of the air basin
Modern scientific knowledge of a problem of environmental pollution by the motor transport is based on idea of negative impact of all transport complex, and not just separate objects of transport. The problem of environmental pollution by objects of a motor transportation complex is aggravated with rapid growth of vehicular fleet. In total with insufficient development of a street road network and low level of quality of management of motor transportation streams it leads to emergence of a critical ecological situation in the cities. Along with the progressing deterioration of atmospheric air also other environmental problems connected with production of automotive vehicles, spare parts and operational materials, operation, service, storage and vehicle scrappage become aggravated.
In the circumstances restriction of emissions of pollutants from motor transportation streams taking into account pollution of the air basin with stationary sources has high degree of relevance. At realization of actions of this direction also projection of quality of the air basin on the basis of environmental monitoring and imitating modeling of motor transportation streams is significant objective current.
Establishment of quotas for emissions of pollutants from motor transportation streams taking into account the polluting background and achievement of the established quotas at the expense of the organization of the movement of cars is represented to one of effective ways of
permission of a problem situation. The offered way of a predetermined development of the technique of the system analysis defining the sequence of stages of carrying out the analysis and methods of their performance, uniting mathematical modeling and programming, techniques of sampling of air, the laboratory and tool analysis and statistical processing of results of an experiment.
In this regard, the way of restriction of emissions of pollutants from motor transportation streams by introduction of quotas for which realization the algorithm, the special software and a settlement and tool technique of environmental monitoring of motor transportation streams is offered is developed.
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