Dynamics of criminal law and process in conditions of special legal regimes

Keywords: special legal regime, legal regime of martial law, armed aggression, criminalization, national security, pre-trial investigation, criminal proceedings.

Abstract

The research is aimed at identifying the main legislative changes made under the conditions of a special legal regime, within the criminal law and criminal process and its impact on the general dynamics of the regulation of relevant social relations. Thus, under the conditions of the introduction of a special legal regime of martial law on the territory of Ukraine, the issues of improving the existing criminal and criminal procedural legislation, criminalizing certain acts, and simplifying the relevant procedural actions that reflect modern legal realities and meet the challenges and needs of the state and society have become urgent. The purpose of the work is to identify certain fundamental changes in criminal and criminal procedural legislation, which embody the dynamics of criminal law and process, as well as determine their further vector of development. The methodological basis of the work consists of the following methods: dialectical, functional, axiological, system-structural analysis method, and generalization method. The result of the study was proof of the existence of positive dynamics of criminal law and the criminal process in the conditions of a special legal regime. Despite the difficult time for Ukrainian statehood, Ukraine continues to improve the regulation of social relations within the framework of criminal law and process following the needs of society and the needs of the state, and also actively and effectively carries out a rule-making policy taking into account the prospects of the development of criminal law and process.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Daria Balobanova, Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Ukraine.

Doctor of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor, Professor of the Department of Criminal Law and Criminology, Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Ukraine.

Iryna Hazdayka-Vasylyshyn, Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Ukraine.

Ph. D., Associate Professor, Head of the Department of criminal law and criminology of the Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Ukraine.

Ruslan Shekhavtsov, Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Ukraine.

Ph. D., Associate Professor of the Department of Criminal Procedure and Forensics of Faculty No. 1 of the Institute for Training Specialists for National Police Units of the Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Ukraine.

Oleksiy Avramenko, Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Ukraine.

Ph. D., Associate Professor of the Department of Criminal Procedure and Forensics of Faculty No. 1 of the Institute for Training Specialists for National Police Units of the Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Ukraine.

Nataliya Lashchuk, Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Ukraine.

Ph. D., Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Criminal Law Disciplines of the Institute of Law, Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Ukraine.

References

Arbeláez-Campillo, D. F., Andreyevna Dudareva, M., & Rojas-Bahamón, M. J. (2020). Pandemics as a disturbing factor of the geopolitical order in the globalized world. Cuestiones Políticas, 36(63), 134-150. Recuperado a partir de https://www.produccioncientificaluz.org/index.php/cuestiones/article/view/31528

Balobanova, D. (2021). Dynamics of the criminal law of Ukraine (theoretical and applied research) (doctoral thesis). Odesa Law Academy National University, Odesa. Recovered from https://cutt.ly/gXtQT7q.

Chaltseva, O. (2022). The category "collaborationism" as a multi-component narrative in the conditions of war. Political life, 2, 56-60. Recovered from https://jpl.donnu.edu.ua/article/view/12184.

Decree 133/2022, On extending the term of martial law in Ukraine. President of Ukraine, from March 14, 2022). Recovered from https://www.president.gov.ua/documents/1332022-41737.

Decree 259/2022, On extending the term of martial law in Ukraine. President of Ukraine, from April 18, 2022). Recovered from https://www.president.gov.ua/documents/2592022-42237.

Decree 341/2022, On the extension of martial law in Ukraine. President of Ukraine, from 2022). Recovered from https://www.president.gov.ua/documents/3412022-42617.

Decree 64/2022, On the introduction of martial law in Ukraine. President of Ukraine, from February 24, 2022). Recovered from https://www.president.gov.ua/documents/642022-41397.

Draft Law 7647, An explanatory note to the draft Law of Ukraine "On Amendments to the Criminal Code of Ukraine on Improving Responsibility for Collaborative Activities." The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, from 08.08. 2022. Recovered from https://itd.rada.gov.ua/billInfo/Bills/Card/40205.

Dufenyuk, O. (2022). The balance of values and interests in criminal proceedings in conditions of war. Kyiv: NAVS. Recovered from http://dspace.lvduvs.edu.ua/handle/1234567890/4754

Gazdaika, I., & Sozanskyi, T. (2022). Distinguishing collaborative activity and assistance to the aggressor state. Lviv: Istina.

Glowyuk, I., & Zavtur, V. (2022). Trends of changes in criminal justice in conditions of war and human rights. Latvia: "Baltija Publishing". Recovered from https://doi.org/10.30525/978-9934-26-223-4-139

Kosse, D. (2010). The meaning and essence of the legal regime in the legal system of Ukraine. Journal of the Kyiv University of Law, 2, 25-29. Recovered fromhttp://dspace.nbuv.gov.ua/handle/123456789/23359

Kovalyova, O. (2022). Information provision of pretrial investigation under martial law as a guarantor of human rights in the activities of law enforcement agencies. Kryvyi Rih: DonDUVS. Recovered from https://cutt.ly/9XtId7t

Kovalevskyi, A. (2022). Criminalization of criminal acts under martial law in Ukraine. Chernihiv: State Academy penitentiary service. Recovered from https://cutt.ly/sXyVvz8

Kuznetsov, V., & Siyploki, K. (2022). Criminal liability for collaborative activity as a new challenge today. Scientific Bulletin of the Uzhhorod National University, 70 (1), 374-381. Recovered from https://dspace.uzhnu.edu.ua/jspui/handle/lib/40900

Kyrychko, V. (2017). Actual criminal legal problems of war and peace (a view from wartime Kharkiv). Bulletin of the Criminal Law Association of Ukraine, 17, 52-91. Recovered from http://vakp.nlu.edu.ua/article/view/258358

Law 1192-XIV, 1999. On Humanitarian Aid. The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, from 22.10.1999. Recovered from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1192-14#Text.

Law 1550-III, 2000. On the Legal Regime of a State of Emergency. The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, from 16.03.2000. Recovered from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1550-14#Text.

Law 2108-IX, 2022 On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of Ukraine on Establishing Criminal Liability for Collaborative Activities. The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, from 03.03. 2022. Recovered from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2108-20#Text.

Law 2124-IX, 2022 On Amendments to the Criminal Code of Ukraine and other legislative acts of Ukraine regarding the determination of circumstances that exclude the criminal illegality of an act and provide combat immunity under martial law. The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, from 15.03.2022. Recovered from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2124-20#n5.

Law 2150-IX, 2022 On Amendments to Article 263 of the Criminal Code of Ukraine on Cancellation of Liability in Cases of Voluntary Surrender of Weapons, Military Supplies, Explosives or Devices. The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, from 24.03. 2022. Recovered from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2150-20#Text.

Law 2155-IX, 2022 On Amendments to the Criminal Code of Ukraine Regarding Liability for Illegal Use of Humanitarian Aid. The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, from 24.03.2022. Recovered from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2155-20#Text.

Law 2198-IX, 2022 On Amendments to the Criminal and Criminal Procedural Codes of Ukraine regarding the improvement of responsibility for collaborative activities and the specifics of the application of preventive measures for committing crimes against the foundations of national and public security. The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, from 14.04.2022. Recovered from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2198-20#Text.

Law 2201-IX, 2022 On Amendments to the Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine on Improving the Procedure for Conducting Criminal Proceedings in Martial Law. The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, from 14.04.2022. Recovered from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2201-20#Text.

Law 2341-III, 2001. Criminal code of Ukraine. The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, from 05.04.2001). Recovered from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2341-14#Text.

Law 389-VIII, 2015 On the Legal Regime of Martial Law. The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, from 12.05.2015. Recovered from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/389-19#Text.

Law 4651-VI, 2012 Criminal Procedure Code of Ukraine. The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, from 13.04.2012). Recovered from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/4651-17#Text.

Law 5073-VI, 2012 On Charitable Activities and Charitable Organizations. The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, from 05.07.2012. Recovered from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/5073-17#Text.

Loskutov, T. (2022). Legal regulation of hybrid criminal procedural actions under martial law. Analytical and comparative jurisprudence, 2, 277-281. Recovered from https://cutt.ly/RXyBzcF

Lysachenko, S. (2021). Means of obtaining information from a person in pre-trial criminal proceedings: monograph. Kharkiv: Pravo.

Movchan, R. (2022). "Military" novels of the Criminal Code of Ukraine: law-making and enforcement problems. Kyiv: Norma.

Ponomarenko, Yu. (2019). Criminal legal consequences of the introduction of martial law in Ukraine. Problems of legality, 145, 179-192. Recovered fromhttp://plaw.nlu.edu.ua/article/view/156668/169355

Ponomarenko, Yu. (2022). Amendment of the provisions of the Criminal Code regarding circumstances that exclude a criminal offense under martial law. Bulletin of the Criminal Law Association of Ukraine, 1(17), 1-23. Recovered from http://vakp.nlu.edu.ua/article/view/256785

Sahakian, M. (2015). The legal regime as a special procedure for regulating social relations. South Ukrainian legal journal, 1, 14-16. Recovered from http://sulj.oduvs.od.ua/archive/2015/1/6.pdf

Teteryatnik, G. (2020). Institute of witnesses during investigative (search) actions in conditions of emergency legal regimes. State and regions. Series: Law, 4(70), 195-199. Recovered from http://www.law.stateandregions.zp.ua/archive/4_2020/34.pdf

Teteryatnik, G. (2020). Institutionalization of criminal proceedings carried out in extraordinary legal regimes. Lviv: Lviv State University of Internal Affairs. Recovered from https://cutt.ly/OXyV1Zl

Teteryatnik, G. (2020). Separate issues of legal regulation of criminal proceedings in conditions of emergency legal regimes. Scientific Bulletin of the International Humanitarian University, 48, 98-101. Recovered from https://cutt.ly/0XyV6fX

Tulyakov, V., & Tulyakova, M. (2005). Dynamics of criminal law: main patterns. Odesa: Legal literature. Recovered from http://dspace.onua.edu.ua/handle/11300/5167
Published
2022-08-30
How to Cite
Balobanova, D., Hazdayka-Vasylyshyn, I., Shekhavtsov, R., Avramenko, O., & Lashchuk, N. (2022). Dynamics of criminal law and process in conditions of special legal regimes. Amazonia Investiga, 11(54), 208-218. https://doi.org/10.34069/AI/2022.54.06.20
Section
Articles