The role of lifestyle habits in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among students

Keywords: Body mass index; Lifestyle; Obesity; Qassim students; Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

The key objective of the present study is to explore the prevalence of being overweight and/or being obese using the body mass index (BMI). We investigated the relationship between lifestyle habits (sleeping patterns, dietary habits, physical activities, and screen times) and obesity. We used a cross-sectional study involving male students of medical and non-medical at the College of Medicine and College of Management and Economics at Saudi Arabia’s Qassim University. To gather data, a tailor-made, self-administered questionnaire was the tools of choice. The first part of the form collected a data pertaining to the height and weight of respondents. This measured BMI. Participants then categorized as underweight (BMI < 18.5), normal weight (BMI = 18.5–24.9), overweight (BMI = 25–29.9), and obese (BMI >30.0). The second part of the study involved questions about the participants’ lifestyle habits. To assess the significance of the questions, aChi-squared test was applied. We found that prevalence of being overweight and obese among medical students was (24.4%) and (19%) respectively. for non-medical students the prevalence of being overweight and obesity was (25.6%) and (16.5%) respectively. regarding dietary habits more than half of the students (54.2%) who had three meals or more have a positive relation with obesity. A positive relation was noticed between lack of physical activity and high BMI. Positive relation was found between high BMI and screen time. Regarding sleep hours more than half of the students spend 6-8 hours in sleeping per day.

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Author Biographies

Mohammad F. Alharbi, Qassim University, Qassim, KSA, Saudi Arabia.

PhD, Associate professor of the Department of Health Administration, College of Public Health and Health Informatics, Qassim University, Qassim, KSA, Saudi Arabia.

Rayan M. Alharbi, Qassim University, Qassim, KSA, Saudi Arabia.

College of Medicine, Qassim University, Qassim, KSA, Saudi Arabia.

Moath Alshweash, Qassim University, Qassim, KSA, Saudi Arabia.

College of Medicine, Qassim University, Qassim, KSA, Saudi Arabia.

Fahad Alharbi, Qassim University, Qassim, KSA, Saudi Arabia.

College of Medicine, Qassim University, Qassim, KSA, Saudi Arabia.

Ali Almetrafe, Qassim University, Qassim, KSA, Saudi Arabia.

College of Medicine, Qassim University, Qassim, KSA, Saudi Arabia.

Faisal Alfozan, Qassim University, Qassim, KSA, Saudi Arabia.

College of Medicine, Qassim University, Qassim, KSA, Saudi Arabia.

Abdulaziz Alanazi, Qassim University, Qassim, KSA, Saudi Arabia.

College of Medicine, Qassim University, Qassim, KSA, Saudi Arabia.

Rayan Alsager, Qassim University, Qassim, KSA, Saudi Arabia.

College of Medicine, Qassim University, Qassim, KSA, Saudi Arabia.

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Published
2021-12-17
How to Cite
Alharbi, M. F., Alharbi, R. M., Alshweash, M., Alharbi, F., Almetrafe, A., Alfozan, F., Alanazi, A., & Alsager, R. (2021). The role of lifestyle habits in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among students. Amazonia Investiga, 10(47), 250-262. https://doi.org/10.34069/AI/2021.47.11.26
Section
Articles