Research on reflective-evaluative competence in pupils with intellectual disabilities

Keywords: programming, competence, normal-typical development, intellectual development disorders, children with special needs.

Abstract

The aim is to conduct empirical research on the formation of reflective-evaluative competence in primary pupils with intellectual disabilities and to determine effective methods to develop it. Methods: tests with standardized questionnaires, methods for checking the logic of motivating dialogue, comparative analysis, quantitative and qualitative content-analysis. We established that disorders in the functioning of reflection in primary pupils are observed in changeable or unfamiliar situations: rejection to solve a problem, desire to simplify a task, justification of their inability, avoidance of difficulties. We registered that insufficient development of self-control and self-esteem causes faults in programming and performing activity. We identified difficulties in verbalizing a plan of actions showing the respondents’ inability to compare and substantiate practical and mental operations. Disorders in reflective-evaluative competence are insufficient development of reflection, self-control, self-esteem and self-correction that does not allow primary pupils to organize their mental actions purposefully.

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Author Biographies

Lesia Prokhorenko, Mykola Yarmachenko Institute of Special Pedagogy and Psychology, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Full Professor, Director of Mykola Yarmachenko Institute of Special Pedagogy and Psychology, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Ihor Popovych, Kherson State University, Kherson, Ukraine.

Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Full Professor of the Department of Psychology, Kherson State University, Kherson, Ukraine.

Hanna Sokolova, South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Odessa, Ukraine.

Doctor of Psychological Sciences, Associate Professor of Department of Defectology and Physical Rehabilitation, South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Odessa, Ukraine.

Nataliia Yarmola, Mykola Yarmachenko Institute of Special Pedagogy and Psychology, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences, Deputy Director of Mykola Yarmachenko Institute of Special Pedagogy and Psychology, Kyiv, Ukraine.

Olga Forostian, South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Odessa, Ukraine.

Doctor of Pedagogical Sciences, Full Professor of Department of Defectology and Physical Rehabilitation, South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. D. Ushynsky, Odessa, Ukraine.

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Published
2021-11-25
How to Cite
Prokhorenko, L., Popovych, I., Sokolova, H., Yarmola, N., & Forostian, O. (2021). Research on reflective-evaluative competence in pupils with intellectual disabilities. Amazonia Investiga, 10(46), 138-151. https://doi.org/10.34069/AI/2021.46.10.13
Section
Articles