Features of the investigation of premeditated murders committed by persons with mental disorders in the practice of Ukraine

Keywords: premeditated murders, investigation, mental disorders, insanity, forensic psychiatric examination.

Abstract

The purpose of the article is to determine the procedural and tactical features of the investigation of premeditated murders committed by persons with mental disorders, taking into account the judicial and investigative practice of Ukraine. The authors use general and special methods that allow obtaining scientifically based conclusions and suggestions, such as dialectical, system-structural, generalizing, logical, statistical methods. The authors claim that 7,46 % of criminal proceedings committed by persons with mental disorders and requiring the application of compulsory medical measures are sent to court annually in Ukraine. It has been established that persons with alcohol and drug addiction are more prone to premeditated murders. It is determined that the issue of application of compulsory medical measures is decided by an expert during forensic psychiatric examinations. It is proved that the current criminal procedure legislation of Ukraine, although it determines the grounds for the appointment of examinations of this type, but investigators appoint them in 79% of criminal proceedings, even in the absence of statutory grounds. It is established that the appropriateness of conducting investigative (search) actions with the participation of a person with mental disorders is determined by the investigator or prosecutor on the basis of an expert opinion.

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Author Biographies

Vlada Husieva, Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs, Ukraine.

Professor of the Department of Criminalistics, Forensic Science and Pre-medical care of Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs, Dc Sc in Law, Associate Professor, Kharkiv, Ukraine.

Oleksiy Oderiy, Donetsk Law Institute of Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, Ukraine.

Professor of the Department of Criminal Law Subjects and Forensic Examinations, Faculty No. 1, Donetsk Law Institute of Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine, Dc Sc in Law, Associate Professor, Kryvyi Rih, Ukraine.

Iryna Petrova, M. S. Bokarius Kharkiv Research Institute of Forensic Examinations, Ukraine.

Principal Researcher of the Laboratory of Theoretical Studies, Editorial and Publishing and Scientific and Methodological Activities, Hon. Prof. M. S. Bokarius Kharkiv Research Institute of Forensic Examinations, Dc Sc in Law, Professor, Honored Lawyer of Ukraine, Kharkiv, Ukraine.

Tetiana Fomina, Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs, Ukraine.

Professor of the Department Criminal Process and Organization of Pre-trial Investigation of Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs, Dc Sc in Law, Associate Professor, Kharkiv, Ukraine.

Anastasiia Vuima, Kharkіv National University of Internal Affairs, Kharkiv, Ukraine.

Аdjunct of the Department of the Organization Educational and Scientific Training of Kharkіv National University of Internal Affairs, Kharkiv, Ukraine.

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Published
2021-11-25
How to Cite
Husieva, V., Oderiy, O., Petrova, I., Fomina, T., & Vuima, A. (2021). Features of the investigation of premeditated murders committed by persons with mental disorders in the practice of Ukraine. Amazonia Investiga, 10(46), 109-117. https://doi.org/10.34069/AI/2021.46.10.10
Section
Articles