The criminal responsibility for defamation of knowingly innocent

Keywords: accused, defamation, false accusation, knowingly innocent, perjury of the suspect / accused, right to protection, suspect.

Abstract

The scientific article analyzes the acute discussion in law enforcement practice and procedural science of the problem of the possibility of criminal prosecution of a suspect, accused of defaming a knowingly innocent person in the commission of a crime. The theoretical basis of the article are scientific works on criminal law and criminal procedural law (both domestic researchers and foreign experts). A set of general scientific, special scientific and philosophical methods of scientific knowledge has been used while preparing the scientific article, in particular dialectical, historical, comparative, dogmatic (formal-logical), system-structural analysis, modeling. It is substantiated in the article that the behavior of the suspect, accused, which is manifested in slandering of a knowingly innocent person, does not constitute the right to freedom from self-disclosure. It is also proved that both freedom from self-disclosure and the right to defense in criminal proceedings must have certain limits, in particular, it is rights and interests of other subjects protected by criminal law. We  stated that the suspect or accused should be liable for misleading the court and pre-trial investigation bodies even if such deception was used to protect against the suspicion (or accusation), to avoid criminal liability.

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Author Biographies

Vira Navrotska, Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Lviv, Ukraine.

Ph.D in Law, Associate Professor of the Department of criminal-law disciplines Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Lviv, Ukraine.

Oksana Bronevytska, Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Lviv, Ukraine.

Ph.D in Law, Associate Professor of the Department of criminal-law disciplines Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Lviv, Ukraine.

Galyna Yaremko, Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Lviv, Ukraine.

Ph.D in Law, Associate Professor of the Department of criminal-law disciplines Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Lviv, Ukraine.

Roman Maksymovych, Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Lviv, Ukraine.

Ph.D in Law, Associate Professor of the Department of criminal-law disciplines Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Lviv, Ukraine.

Vita Matolych, Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Lviv, Ukraine.

Postgraduate Student of the Department of criminal-law disciplines Lviv State University of Internal Affairs, Lviv, Ukraine.

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Published
2021-09-29
How to Cite
Navrotska, V., Bronevytska, O., Yaremko, G., Maksymovych, R., & Matolych, V. (2021). The criminal responsibility for defamation of knowingly innocent. Amazonia Investiga, 10(44), 241-251. https://doi.org/10.34069/AI/2021.44.08.23
Section
Articles