The person of the criminal that committed a criminal offence in the field of inviolability of State Border of Ukraine

Keywords: the person of a criminal, criminal offense in the field of inviolability of state borders, typical criminological profile of a person, violation of the procedure of entry and departure, temporarily occupied territory, state border.

Abstract

The purpose of our study is to form a typical criminological profile of a person who has committed a criminal offense in the field of protection of the State Border of Ukraine. Based on the detailed study of the sentences issued by the national courts of Ukraine during 2015-2020 concerning such persons, a typical criminological profile of the person was formulated. Thus, the typical criminological profile is a male (95.7%), a citizen of Ukraine (89%), Ukrainian by nationality (82.6%), married or living in common-law marriage (69.6%), with low income (67.4%). Not previously convicted (87%), committed the crime to obtain additional funds (86.9%), admits guilt in full, repents, contributes to the disclosure of the crime (84.8%). Specialized research methods are applied. The comparative method is used to compare the characteristics of the offender, who violated the order of entry into and exit from the temporarily occupied territory of Ukraine and other crimes that encroached on border security. The logical-legal method is used to form logical, systematic, and consistent conclusions. The study is based on research of 38 sentences imposed on 46 people. The data obtained allowed us to interpret them as a characteristic of the offender.

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Author Biographies

Yaroslav Kushnir, National Academy of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine named after Bohdan Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine.

Senior instructor of the administrative activity Department of the National Academy of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine named after Bohdan Khmelnytskyi, Khmelnytskyi, Ukraine.

Mykola Hutsuliak, National Academy of Internal Affairs, Ukraine.

Leading specialist of the Ciscarpathian Faculty  of the National Academy of Internal Affairs  PhD in Law, Associate Professor, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine.

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Published
2021-08-31
How to Cite
Kushnir, Y., & Hutsuliak, M. (2021). The person of the criminal that committed a criminal offence in the field of inviolability of State Border of Ukraine. Amazonia Investiga, 10(43), 32-40. https://doi.org/10.34069/AI/2021.43.07.3
Section
Articles