The person of the criminal that committed a criminal offence in the field of inviolability of State Border of Ukraine
The purpose of our study is to form a typical criminological profile of a person who has committed a criminal offense in the field of protection of the State Border of Ukraine. Based on the detailed study of the sentences issued by the national courts of Ukraine during 2015-2020 concerning such persons, a typical criminological profile of the person was formulated. Thus, the typical criminological profile is a male (95.7%), a citizen of Ukraine (89%), Ukrainian by nationality (82.6%), married or living in common-law marriage (69.6%), with low income (67.4%). Not previously convicted (87%), committed the crime to obtain additional funds (86.9%), admits guilt in full, repents, contributes to the disclosure of the crime (84.8%). Specialized research methods are applied. The comparative method is used to compare the characteristics of the offender, who violated the order of entry into and exit from the temporarily occupied territory of Ukraine and other crimes that encroached on border security. The logical-legal method is used to form logical, systematic, and consistent conclusions. The study is based on research of 38 sentences imposed on 46 people. The data obtained allowed us to interpret them as a characteristic of the offender.
Antipov, V. (2015) Qualification of violations of the procedure of entry into the temporarily occupied territory of Ukraine and departure from it. Juridical Ukraine, № 10-12, pp. 131–139.
Argunova, Yu., Dolgova A., Vaniushkin, S., Vashchenko, Yu., Grishko, А., et all (2001) Criminology. Manual for educational establishments. 2nd edition, with changes and amendments. Moscow: Infra-М-NORMA. 848 p.
Bartol, C. (1996). Police psychology: Then, now and beyond. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 23, 70-89.
Bruns, B., Miggelbrink, J. and Muller, K. (2011). "Smuggling and small-scale trade as part of informal economic practices: Empirical findings from the Eastern external EU border", International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, 31(11/12), pp. 664-680. https://doi.org/10.1108/01443331111177869
Canter, D. (2004). Offender profiling and Investigative Psychology. Journal of Investigative Psychology and Offender Profiling, 1, 1–15. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jip.7
Danylevska, Y. (2014) Violations of the procedure of entry into the temporarily occupied territory of Ukraine and departure from it: issues of grounded criminalization. Comparative–analytical law, № 8, pp. 165–168.
Ditrych, O. (2008) Identities, Interests and the Resolution of the Abkhaz Conflict. Caucasian Review of International Affairs, 2(3), 1-12
Douglas, J., Ressler, R., Burgess, A. W., & Hartman, C. (1986). Criminal profiling from crime scene analysis. Behavioral Sciences & the Law, 4, 401-421.
Eminov, V. & Antonyan, Y. (2015) Personality of a criminal and its formation. Actual problems of Russian law, 1(50), 107-112. Recovered from: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/lichnost-prestupnika-i-ee-formirovanie/viewer
Gundhus, H., and Jansen, P. (2020) Pre-crime and Policing of migrants: Anticipatory Action meets management of concerns. Theoretical Criminology, 24(1) 90–109 DOI: 10.1177/1362480619873347
Grubesic, T.H. and Murray, A.T. (2001) “Detecting Hot Spots Using Cluster Analysis and Gis.” Fifth Annual International Crime Mapping Research Conference, Dallas, TX, 26.
Hindelang, M.J. and Weis, J.G. (1972) “Personality and Self-Reported Delinquency: An Application of Cluster Analysis.” Criminology, 10(3), 268–294.
Іçli, T. G., Sever, H., & Sever, M. A. (2015). Survey Study on the Profile of Human Smugglers in Turkey. Advances in Applied Sociology, 5, 1–12.
Kachmar, O. (2019) Price of the Crimean voyage: detention, arrest, and confiscation of vessels for illegal entry to occupied ports of Crimea. Recovered from: https://vkp.ua/en/publication/price_of_the_crimean_voyage_detention_arrest_and_confiscation_of_vessels_for_illegal_entry_to_occupied_ports_of_crimea
Kalichman, Seth C. (1988). “Empirically Derived Mmpi Profile Subgroups of Incarcerated Homicide Offenders.” Journal of clinical psychology, 44(5), 733–738.
Ker-Lindsay, J. (2012) The Foreign Policy of Counter Secession Preventing the Recognition of Contested States. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 226 p.
Khalymon, S., Polovnikov, V., and Volynets, P. (2020). Socio-psychological Profile of a Person Who Confidentially Provides Assistance to the Operational Unit. Anuario de Psicología Jurídica, 30, 13- 20. https://doi.org/10.5093/apj2019a10
Khoshnood, A., & Vafors Fritz, M. (2017). Offender Characteristics: A Study of 23 Violent Offenders in Sweden. Deviant Behavior, 38(2), 141– 153.
Krishnendra M. (2020) Borders and Bordering Practices: A Case Study of Jaisalmer District on India–Pakistan Border. Journal of Borderlands Studies, 35(2), 183–194. https://doi.org/10.1080/08865655.2019.1646148
Kuryliuk, Y., & Khalymon, S. (2020). Criminal profile of migrants’ smuggler across the State Border of Ukraine. Amazonia Investiga, 9(27), 195-208. https://doi.org/10.34069/AI/2020.27.03.21
Law No 1777-XII, 1992. On the State border of Ukraine: the law of Ukraine from the 4th of November 1991 № 1777-XII Base of legislation of the Supreme Council of Ukraine: Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1777-12#Text
Law No 2341-III, 2001. Criminal Code of Ukraine. Base of legislation of the Supreme Council of Ukraine: Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2341-14#Text
Law No 1207-VII, 2014. On ensuring of the rights and freedoms of citizens and the legal regime at the temporarily occupied territory of Ukraine. Base of legislation of the Supreme Council of Ukraine: Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1207-18#Text
Leuschner, F. (2020) Hintergründe und Deliktstrukturen von Straftaten durch Frauen. Forens Psychiatr Psychol Kriminol. (Backgrounds and tort structures of women by women. Forens Psychiatr Psychol Criminol) 14, 130–140
Liashuk, R., & Vychavka, V. (2020) Experience of border guard units of the leading countries in countering terrorism and prospects for its implementation by the state border guard service of Ukraine. Juridical Tribune, 10(1), 102-115
Mykhnenko, V. (2020) Causes and Consequences of the War in Eastern Ukraine: An Economic Geography Perspective. Journal Europe-Asia Studies, 72(3), https://doi.org/10.1080/09668136.2019.1684447
Nikitin, А. (2018) Criminal liability for the violation of the procedure of entry into the temporarily occupied territory of Ukraine and departure from it (dissertation of candidate of law). National Academy of Internal Affairs. Kyiv. 218 p. Retrieved from http://elar.naiau.kiev.ua/jspui/handle/123456789/6709
Ohniev, T. Ye. (2015) The person of the zlochintsya, the yaks of the vchyny, illegally transported the osibs through the state cordon of Ukraine. Science hour writing of the National Academy of the Prosecutor's Office of Ukraine, 4, 120–128.
Oztig, L.I. (2020): Pakistan’s Border Policies and Security Dynamics along the Pakistan–Afghanistan Border, Journal of Borderlands Studies, 35(2). 211–226. DOI: 10.1080/08865655.2018.1545598
Polovnikov, V., Biletskyi, V., Tyshchuk, V., & Overchenko, Y. (2020). Criminological profile of a perpetrator of a high treason. Amazonia Investiga, 9(28), 176-189. https://doi.org/10.34069/AI/2020.28.04.21
Weisburd, D., Groff, E and Yang, S-M (2012) The Criminology of Place: Street Segments and Our Understanding of the Crime Problem. New York: Oxford University Press. DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195369083.001.0001