An important period of the historical development of garden art: “Renaissance garden style”
Having a place in the concept of landscaping, which is an important factor in human life for integration with nature, garden art has shown a continuous development since its formation back in history. The first examples of garden styles in history were shaped with the effects of religious, philosophical, and mythological ideas. As in all branches of fine arts, garden art is nurtured by historical insights of style, and the reflections of cultural heritages are visible in all the designs that appear. It can be understood that the basis of the professional and modern garden designs is the historical gardens, and they show a development in that direction.
In order to establish and document the historical formation and development processes of garden art, initially a definition of the concept of garden was made and the historical development of garden art was examined within the garden art styles of Antiquity, Middle Ages, Far East, Islamic, and British periods, in the research forming this study. After that, the Renaissance period garden style, meaning ‘rebirth’, which forms the detail of this study is examined with its historical development, its characteristics, and samples, in detail.
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