Protection of public interests by narrowing private interests: where is the limit?

Keywords: public interest, private interest, EU law, quarantine restrictions, enforcement, Covid-19 pandemic.

Abstract

The coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) has posed many challenges to the international community. In a pandemic, governments make complex decisions every day (respond quickly to emerging difficulties), implement effective quarantine measures that affect the public and private interests of the people. Such decisions are also made by such supranational entities as the European Union. With this in mind, it is essential to analyze the interaction and balance of private and public interests in EU law in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic. The work aims to analyze the balance between private and public interests in EU law in the context of the Covid-19 pandemic. Research methods are such methods as dialectical, historical, idealization, analysis, synthesis, abstraction, system, formalization, comparison, and modeling. As a result of the study, the authors concluded that the search for a balance between public and private interests is in all areas and mostly applies to human rights and, in a pandemic, these powers are enshrined in major international treaties and national regulations, with reservations about their possible limitation under exceptional circumstances. At the same time, ensuring the balance of private and public interests is possible only if the rule of law is fulfilled in the implementation of restrictive measures, proportionality, and public necessity.

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Author Biographies

Olga Klepikova, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine.

Doctor of Legal Sciences, Associate Professor of Department of Economic Law and Procedure of Institute of Law, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine.

Viktoriia Kachuriner, International Humanities University, Ukraine.

Ph. D., Associate Professor of International Law and Comparative Law, International Humanities University, Ukraine.

Volodymyr Makoda, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine.

Ph. D., Associate Professor of Civil Law Department, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine.

Inha Kryvosheyina, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine.

Ph. D., Associate Professor of Intellectual Property Department, Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Ukraine.

Vadym Popeliuk, National University «Odesa Law Academy», Ukraine.

Ph. D., Associate Professor of Department of Economic Law and Procedure, National University «Odesa Law Academy», Ukraine.

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Published
2021-04-12
How to Cite
Klepikova, O., Kachuriner, V., Makoda, V., Kryvosheyina, I., & Popeliuk, V. (2021). Protection of public interests by narrowing private interests: where is the limit?. Amazonia Investiga, 10(38), 148-157. https://doi.org/10.34069/AI/2021.38.02.14
Section
Articles