Measures to combat smuggling and corruption in the customs clearance of commercial goods in Ukraine

Keywords: commercial goods, corruption, customs clearance, smuggling, State Customs Service of Ukraine.

Abstract

The article deals with an important and relevant issue – measures to combat smuggling and corruption during customs clearance of commercial goods in Ukraine. The authors analyze the scientific doctrine regarding the nature and level of influence of smuggling and corruption on the state budget and the level of economic growth in Ukraine.

It has been found out that scientists who choose different definitions and forms were unanimous about the negative nature and level of harmful influence of these phenomena on the economy of Ukraine.

Various methods were used in the article: dogmatic, formal legal, and system-structural. It is proposed to analyze the main measures necessary to overcome smuggling and corruption in the customs clearance of commercial goods in Ukraine.

First, the implementation of the principle of transparency in the activities of customs during the customs clearance of commercial goods.

Second, updating the qualification requirements for positions in this service and the procedure for competitive selection.

Third, criminalizing the smuggling of commercial goods.

Fourth, establishing coordination of law enforcement and regulatory agencies of Ukraine with the relevant authorities of neighboring countries.

Fifth, expanding the powers of the State Customs Service of Ukraine to investigate the smuggling of commercial goods.

It is concluded that it is necessary and important to develop and introduce specific, rather than declarative, measures to counteract smuggling and corruption in the customs clearance of commercial goods in Ukraine.

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Author Biographies

Anatolii Kulish, Sumy State University.

Doctor of Law, Professor, Director of the Academic and Research Institute of Law, Sumy State University.

Volodymyr Chumak

Doctor of Law, Associate Professor, Temporarily Acting Head of the Department for Organization of Scientific Work, Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs.

Roman Chernysh, Zhytomyr National Agroecological University.

PhD, Associate Professor, Department of Science of Law, Zhytomyr National Agroecological University.

Oleksandr Khan, Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs.

PhD in Law, Senior Researcher of the Department for Organization of Scientific Work, Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs.

Roman Havrik, National Academy of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine.

PhD in Law, Associate Professor of the Department of Constitutional, Administrative and International Law, National Academy of the State Border Guard Service of Ukraine named after Bohdan Khmelnytskyi.

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Published
2020-07-07
How to Cite
Kulish, A., Chumak, V., Chernysh, R., Khan, O., & Havrik, R. (2020). Measures to combat smuggling and corruption in the customs clearance of commercial goods in Ukraine. Amazonia Investiga, 9(30), 99-110. https://doi.org/10.34069/AI/2020.30.06.10
Section
Articles